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1958 Argentine general election

1958 Argentine general election

Presidential election
← 1954 23 February 1958 1963 →

466 members of the Electoral College
234 votes needed to win
Registered10,002,327
Turnout90.60%
 
Nominee Arturo Frondizi Ricardo Balbín
Party UCRI UCRP
Running mate Alejandro Gómez Santiago del Castillo
Electoral vote 319 140
States carried 21 + CF 0
Popular vote 4,070,398 2,617,693
Percentage 49.49 31.83

Most voted party by province.

President before election

Pedro Eugenio Aramburu

Elected President

Arturo Frondizi
UCRI

Legislative election
← 1954 23 February 1958 1960 →

187 seats in the Chamber of Deputies
94 seats needed for a majority
Turnout90.86%
Party % Seats
Chamber of Deputies
Intransigent Radical Civic Union

49.33% 133
People's Radical Civic Union

31.72% 52
Liberal Party of Corrientes

0.62% 2
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Results by province

The Argentine general election of 1958 was held on 23 February. Voters chose both the President and their legislators and with a turnout of 90.6% (the highest in Argentine electoral history).

Background

The year 1955 cast a long shadow over these elections. President Juan Perón was violently overthrown in September of that year and the succeeding junta banned the Peronist Party and even the possession of Peronist mementoes or the very mention of the former leader or of the late Eva Perón. The junta did, however, convene a Civilian Advisory Board which, to the dismay of many conservatives, recommended against draconian measures or the reversal of most of Perón's reforms. They also called for a referendum ratifying the 1853 Constitution (which Perón had it heavily amended in 1949), while retaining Perón's Article 15, a section devoted to social reforms; the junta's leader, Gen. Pedro Aramburu, backed the panel's findings. An attempted countercoup against the junta, defeated on June 10, led to the execution of 27 plotters (including numerous civilians) and derailed Aramburu's hopes for the creation of a viable political alternative to the populist leader.

Businessman Rogelio Julio Frigerio, who secured Perón's endorsement of Frondizi in 1956, thus determining the outcome of the elections.

Seizing the opportunity, the Radical Civic Union (UCR)'s 1951 vice-presidential nominee, Arturo Frondizi secretly secured an agreement with the exiled Perón, by which the banned Peronists would be given a voice in exchange for their support. The pact, a mere rumor at the time, created a rift within the UCR at their party convention in November 1956, forcing Frondizi and his supporters to run on a splinter ("Intransigent") ticket and leaving more anti-Peronist UCR voters with Ricardo Balbín, the party's 1951 standard bearer. The two wings presented different candidates for the constituent assembly election called for July 28, 1957, with no clear winner, though the deadlocked assembly did ratify the Advisory Board's proposed constitutional changes.

Unmentionable by law, Perón became the central issue of the 1958 campaign. Argentina was abuzz with the staccato sounds of El-qué-te-dije (roughly translated to "You know who"), as he opposed Balbín, who accepted Pres. Aramburu's endorsement as the candidate of the ruling junta. Balbin, and his Radical Civic Union of the People, was dealt a "February surprise" when, four days before the election, the exiled leader publicly announced his endorsement of Frondizi. Blank votes (Peronist voters' choice during the assembly elections of 1957, which they narrowly "won") became Frondizi votes, making him the winner of the 1958 elections in Argentina.[1]

Candidates

Results

President

Presidential
candidate
Vice Presidential
candidate
Party Popular vote Electoral vote
Votes % Votes %
Arturo Frondizi Alejandro Gómez Intransigent Radical Civic Union 4,070,398 49.49 319 68.45
Ricardo Balbín Santiago del Castillo People's Radical Civic Union 2,617,693 31.83 140 30.04
Lucas Ayarragaray Jr. Horacio Sueldo Christian Democratic Party 285,650 3.47
Alfredo Palacios Carlos Sánchez Viamonte Socialist Party 264,721 3.22
Héctor González Iramain Carlos Aguinaga Democratic Party 145,935 1.77
Reynaldo Pastor Martín Aberg Cobo Conservative Democratic People's Party 128,226 1.56
Luciano Molinas Horacio R, Thedy Democratic Progressive Party 126,991 1.54
Alejandro Leloir Juan A, Bramuglia Popular Union 80,712 0.98
Ernesto Meabe José Brouchou Liberal Party of Corrientes 51,092 0.62 5 1.07
Vicente Solano Lima Alfredo Massi Conservative People's Party 49,784 0.61
White Party 40,820 0.50
Juan Bautista Peña Ana Zaefferer de Goyeneche Independent Civic Party 39,157 0.48
Populist Popular Union 32,119 0.39
Red and White Intransigent Radical Civic Union 31,987 0.39
Juan José Tartara People's Party 30,957 0.38
Conservative Party 30,239 0.37
Traditional Blockist Radical Civic Union 22,371 0.27
Chaco Alliance 22,338 0.27
Labour Party 20,358 0.25
Worker's Party 16,876 0.21
Liberal Democratic Party 16,611 0.20 2 0.43
Basilio Serrano Juan de Zan Federal Union 12,996 0.16
Provincial Union 10,722 0.13
People's Workers Party and Social Reconstruction 10,378 0.13
Conservative Democratic Party 10,328 0.13
Provincial Defense - White Flag 9,296 0.11
Populist Party 7,596 0.09
Renewal abd Intransigent Radical Civic Union 7,581 0.09
Alejandro Gancedo Jr. Antipersonalist Radical Civic Union 7,141 0.09
Blockist Radical Civic Union - Conservative People's Party 6,120 0.07
People's Federal Labour Party 4,427 0.05
Autonomist Democratic Party 2,700 0.03
Blue and White Party 2,593 0.03
Formosa Democratic Party 2,364 0.03
National Labour Party 2,170 0.03
Federal Agrarian Labour Party 1,342 0.02
Rafael Claudeville Renewwal Party 661 0.01
Social Workers Party 608 0.01
Liberal Party of Misiones 273 0.00
Communist Party 42 0.00
Total 8,224,373 100
Positive votes 8,224,373 90.76
Blank votes 814,802 8.99
Invalid votes 22,724 0.25
Total votes 9,061,899 100
Registered voters/turnout 10,002,327 90.60
Sources:[2][3]

Chamber of Deputies

Party Votes % Seats
1958-1960
Seats
1958-1962
Total seats
Intransigent Radical Civic Union (UCRI) 4,070,398 49.33 66 67 133
People's Radical Civic Union (UCRP) 2,617,693 31.72 26 26 52
Christian Democratic Party (PDC) 285,650 3.46
Socialist Party (PS) 264,721 3.21
Democratic Party (PD) 145,935 1.77
Democratic Progressive Party (PDP) 126,991 1.54
Liberal Party of Corrientes (PLCo) 51,092 0.62 1 1 2
Others 688,893 8.35
Total 8,251,373 100 93 93 187
Positive votes 8,251,373 90.79
Blank votes 814,400 8.96
Invalid votes 22,724 0.25
Total votes 9,088,497 100
Registered voters/turnout 10,002,327 90.86
Source:[4]

Provincial Governors

Election of Provincial Governors
Elected positions: 22 provincial governors, 23 legislative bodies
Presidential Appointment: Mayor of the City of Buenos Aires and Territorial Governor of Tierra del Fuego
Province Elected Party Map
Buenos Aires Oscar Alende Intransigent Radical Civic Union
Catamarca Juan Manuel Salas Intransigent Radical Civic Union
Chaco Anselmo Zoilo Duca Intransigent Radical Civic Union
Chubut Jorge Galina Intransigent Radical Civic Union
Córdoba Arturo Zanichelli Intransigent Radical Civic Union
Corrientes Fernando Piragine Niveyro Intransigent Radical Civic Union
Entre Ríos Raúl Lucio Uranga Intransigent Radical Civic Union
Formosa Luis Gutnisky Intransigent Radical Civic Union
Jujuy Horacio Guzmán Intransigent Radical Civic Union
1960: La Pampa Ismael Amit Intransigent Radical Civic Union
La Rioja Herminio Torres Brizuela Intransigent Radical Civic Union
Mendoza Ernesto Ueltschi Intransigent Radical Civic Union
1960: Misiones César Napoleón Ayrault Intransigent Radical Civic Union
Neuquén Ángel Edelman Intransigent Radical Civic Union
Río Negro Edgardo Castello Intransigent Radical Civic Union
Salta Bernardino Biella Intransigent Radical Civic Union
San Juan Américo García Intransigent Radical Civic Union
San Luis Alberto Domeniconi Intransigent Radical Civic Union
Santa Cruz Mario Paradelo Intransigent Radical Civic Union
Santa Fe Carlos Sylvestre Begnis Intransigent Radical Civic Union
Santiago del Estero Eduardo Miguel Intransigent Radical Civic Union
Tucumán Celestino Gelsi Intransigent Radical Civic Union
Federal Capital (Appointment) Hernán M. Giralt Intransigent Radical Civic Union
Tierra del Fuego (Appointment) Ernesto Manuel Campos Intransigent Radical Civic Union

Notes

  1. ^ Todo Argentina
  2. ^ Cantón, Darío (1968). Materiales para el estudio de la sociología política en la Argentina (PDF). Vol. Tomo I. Buenos Aires: Centro de Investigaciones Sociales - Torcuato di Tella Institute. pp. 175–180.
  3. ^ Historia Electoral Argentina (1912-2007) (PDF). Ministry of Interior - Subsecretaría de Asuntos Políticos y Electorales. December 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 September 2014.
  4. ^ Nohlen, Dieter (2005). Elections in the Americas: A Data Handbook. Vol. II: South America. Nueva York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-928358-3.
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1958 Argentine general election
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