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1874 Argentine presidential election

1874 Argentine general election

← 1868 12 April 1874 1880 →

228 members of the Electoral College
115 votes needed to win
Nominee Nicolás Avellaneda Bartolomé Mitre
Party National Nacionalist
Running mate Mariano Acosta Juan Eusebio Torrent
Electoral vote 145[a] 79
States carried 11 3
Percentage 64.7% 35.3%

Most voted party by province.

President before election

Domingo Sarmiento

Elected President

Nicolás Avellaneda

The Argentine presidential election of 1874 was held on 12 April to choose the president of Argentina. Nicolás Avellaneda was elected president.


President Sarmiento's pragmatic approach to Buenos Aires demands and his successful control of separatist revolts in the north paved the way to high office for his vice president, Autonomist Party leader Adolfo Alsina. Alsina gained the support of a sizable facion of Mitre's Nationalist Party, resulting in the formation of the paramount political group in Argentina for the next 42 years: The National Autonomist Party (PAN). Mitre himself did not support Alsina, however, whom he viewed as a veiled Buenos Aires separatist. The elder statesman ran for the presidency again, though the seasoned Alsina outmaneuvered him by fielding Nicolás Avellaneda, a moderate lawyer from remote Tucumán Province. The electoral college met on 12 April 1874, and awarded Mitre only three provinces, including Buenos Aires.

As he had repeatedly up to 1861, Mitre took up arms again. Hoping to prevent Avellaneda's 12 October inaugural, he mutineered a gunboat; he was defeated, however, and only President Avellaneda's commutation spared his life.[1]


Argentine Republic
Population 2,154,000
Voters 25,800
Turnout 1.2%
Presidential Candidates Party Electoral Votes
Nicolás Avellaneda National 145[a]
Bartolomé Mitre Nacionalist 79
Total voters 224
Did not vote 4
Total 228
Vice Presidential Candidates Party Electoral Votes
Mariano Acosta National 145[a]
Juan Eusebio Torrent Nacionalist 79
Total voters 224
Did not vote 4
Total 228

Results by Province

Province President Vice President
Avellaneda Mitre Acosta Torrent
Buenos Aires 53 53
Catamarca 12 12
Córdoba 25 25
Corrientes 16 16
Entre Ríos 17 17
Jujuy 8 8
La Rioja 8 8
Mendoza 10 10
Salta 12 12
San Juan 10 10
San Luis 10 10
Santa Fe 12 12
Santiago del Estero 1 16 1 16
Tucumán 14 14
Total 145[a] 79 145[a] 79


  1. ^ Todo Argentina: 1874 Archived 2017-11-05 at the Wayback Machine (in Spanish)
  1. ^ a b c d e Although only 145 electors voted for Avellaneda and Acosta, in the final count they appear with 146 votes.


  • Diario de Sesiones de la Cámara de Senadores del Año 1874. Buenos Aires: Compañía Sud-Americana de Billetes de Banco. 1896. pp. 289–292.
  • Duhalde, Eduardo Luis (2007). Acción Parlamentaria de John William Cooke. Buenos Aires: Colihue. p. 232. ISBN 978-950-563-460-6.
  • Lorenzo, Celso Ramón (1999). Manual de Historia Constitucional Argentina, Volumen 3. Rosario: Editorial Juris. p. 8. ISBN 950-817-111-1.
  • "Historia Electoral Argentina (1912-2007), p. 58" (PDF). Ministry of the Interior. December 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 September 2014. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
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1874 Argentine presidential election
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