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1985 Argentine legislative election

1985 Argentine legislative election
Argentina
← 1983 3 November 1985 1987 →

127 of 254 seats in the Chamber of Deputies
Turnout83.77%
Party % Seats +/–
Chamber of Deputies
Radical Civic Union

43.58% 65 +1
Justicialist Liberation Front

24.49% 37 −19
Dissident Peronists

10.52% 11 +11
Intransigent Party

6.07% 5 +3
Union of the Democratic Centre

3.72% 2 +1
Others

11.61% 7 +3
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Results by province

The Argentine legislative elections of 1985 were held on 3 November. Voters chose their legislators and, with a turnout of 83.8%.

Background

Raúl Alfonsín's 1983 inaugural had ushered in a new beginning for Argentina in significant ways, chief among them a new relationship between the Argentine military and government. Economic policy continued to dominate political dynamics, however, a concern exacerbated by the economic crisis inherited from the previous regime. The nation's leading labor union, the CGT was close to Alfonsín's chief opposition, the Justicialist Party, and the tension between the CGT and Alfonsín so evident during 1984 (despite the President's populist early policies) turned to hostility after he replaced the pragmatic Bernardo Grinspun for the more conservative Juan Sourrouille in February 1985.[1] Sorrouille curtailed his predecessor's wage indexation policy (amid 25% monthly inflation), leading to a sudden decline in real wages. Social discontent was compounded by military objections to sharp budget cutbacks, and bomb threats became frequent.[2]

Fulfilling a 1983 campaign promise, Alfonsín reacted to military unwillingness to court-martial those guilty of Dirty War abuses (in which up to 30,000 mostly non-violent dissidents perished) by advancing a Trial of the Juntas, whose first hearings were held in April. This bold move was complemented by Sourrouille's June enactment of the Austral Plan, whose centerpiece, the Argentine austral would replace the worthless peso argentino at 1,000 to one. Inflation, which had reached 30% a month in June (1,130% for the year), fell to 2% by August and, though a wage freeze prevented real incomes from rising, these new inflation rates (the lowest since 1974) led to quick recovery from a sharp recession early in the year. Alfonsín enjoyed a 70% job approval rating by the time votes headed to the polls in early November, though he owed none of it to his economic policies, which were supported by only 30% of the public.[3] The strong showing for Alfonsín's centrist UCR resulted, instead, from the Dirty War trial, a risky and daring initiative which had gathered international attention and was, by then, in its closing phase.[2]

Results

Party Votes % Seats won Total seats
Radical Civic Union (UCR) 6,678,647 43.58 65 130
Justicialist Liberation Front (FREJULI) 3,753,194 24.49 37 92
Dissident Peronists 1,611,441 10.52 11 11
Intransigent Party (PI) 930,940 6.07 5 6
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCeDe) 570,490 3.72 2 3
People's Front 353,165 2.30
Federal Party (PF) 243,491 1.59
Socialist Unity (US) 228,285 1.49
Democratic Progressive Party (PDP) 190,329 1.24 1 1
Autonomist - Liberal - Federal - Democratic Progressive 172,470 1.13 2 3
Democratic Party of Mendoza (PD) 94,988 0.62 1 1
Salta Renewal Party (PRS) 71,134 0.46 1 1
Christian Democratic Party (PDC) 65,878 0.43 1
Blockist Party (PB) 50,985 0.33 1
Workers' Party (PO) 46,817 0.31
Jujuy People's Movement (MPJ) 38,130 0.25 1 2
Humanist Party (PH) 36,002 0.23
Integration and Development Movement (MID) 35,168 0.23
Neuquén People's Movement (MPN) 33,520 0.22 1 2
Chubut Action Party (PACh) 20,537 0.13
Independent Democratic Alliance 17,237 0.11
Three Flags Party - Christian Democratic Party 11,653 0.08
La Pampa Federalist Movement (MOFEPA) 11,394 0.07
Popular Line Movement (MOLIPO) 10,231 0.07
Center Party 7,595 0.05
Popular Left Front (FIP) 5,717 0.04
Provincial Union 5,461 0.04
Autonomy and Sovereignty Party 4,062 0.03
Chaco Federalist Alliance 3,682 0.02
Fueguino People's Movement (MOPOF) 3,582 0.02
Liberal Democratic Party (PDL) 3,248 0.02
Democratic Party of Jujuy 2,842 0.02
Popular Action Movement 2,133 0.01
Patriotic Front 2,053 0.01
Frente Popular Federalista 1,573 0.01
Labor and People's Party (PTP) 1,430 0.01
Autonomist Federal Pact 1,382 0.01
Authentic Socialist Party (PSA) 1,336 0.01
Middle Generation Party 1,310 0.01
Nationalist Movement 780 0.01
National Popular Front 198 0.00
Total 15,324,510 100 127 254
Positive votes 15,324,510 98.07
Blank votes 205,406 1.31
Invalid votes 96,353 0.62
Total votes 15,626,269 100
Registered voters/turnout 18,653,487 83.77
Sources:[4][5]

Results by province

Province UCR FREJULI Dissident Peronists PI Others
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Buenos Aires 2,381,787 41.46 16 563,269 9.80 3 1,549,724 26.98 11 574,285 10.00 4 675,758 11.76 1
Buenos Aires City 848,123 42.90 7 498,320 25.21 4 20,075 1.02 155,720 7.88 1 454,633 23.00 1
Catamarca 57,807 50.77 2 49,831 43.77 1 2,156 1.89 1,267 1.11 2,790 2.45
Chaco 168,169 47.66 2 156,245 44.28 2 3,315 0.94 25,092 7.11
Chubut 53,501 43.34 1 43,587 35.31 1 1,987 1.61 24,367 19.74
Córdoba 743,958 52.37 5 506,235 35.64 4 54,551 3.84 115,804 8.15
Corrientes 87,791 25.07 1 68,047 19.43 10,684 3.05 183,642 52.44 2
Entre Ríos 243,820 46.61 3 207,878 39.74 2 24,184 4.62 47,182 9.02
Formosa 58,965 44.85 1 59,101 44.96 1 497 0.38 12,900 9.81
Jujuy 61,403 34.03 1 42,610 23.61 1 28,802 15.96 1,080 0.60 46,544 25.79 1
La Pampa 58,080 44.42 2 52,253 39.97 1 2,070 1.58 18,337 14.03
La Rioja 38,106 42.05 1 46,839 51.69 1 1,335 1.47 4,342 4.79
Mendoza 342,875 53.22 3 166,844 25.90 1 6,901 1.07 127,634 19.81 1
Misiones 144,209 54.63 2 102,632 38.88 1 3,037 1.15 14,090 5.34
Neuquén 48,294 39.92 1 28,595 23.63 1 2,472 2.04 41,627 34.41 1
Río Negro 85,097 53.11 1 45,042 28.11 1 11,946 7.46 18,154 11.33
Salta 109,799 35.02 1 108,060 34.47 1 1,514 0.48 94,138 30.03 1
San Juan 115,136 45.44 2 68,673 27.10 1 6,992 2.76 62,580 24.70
San Luis 61,028 47.99 2 57,735 45.40 1 1,942 1.53 6,476 5.09
Santa Cruz 23,967 47.97 2 19,713 39.46 1 1,212 2.43 5,070 10.15
Santa Fe 577,144 39.64 4 506,946 34.82 4 65,949 4.53 305,882 21.01 1
Santiago del Estero 132,389 49.16 2 124,073 46.07 1 3,519 1.31 9,321 3.46
Tierra del Fuego 4,674 30.17 1 5,416 34.96 1 793 5.12 4,611 29.76
Tucumán 232,525 45.46 2 225,250 44.04 2 4,372 0.85 49,314 9.64
Total 6,678,647 43.58 65 3,753,194 24.49 37 1,611,441 10.52 11 930,940 6.07 5 2,350,288 15.34 9

References

  1. ^ Todo Argentina: 1984 (in Spanish)
  2. ^ a b Todo Argentina: 1985 (in Spanish)
  3. ^ Noticias. September 12, 1991.
  4. ^ "Elecciones Nacionales ESCRUTINIO DEFINITIVO 1985" (PDF). Ministry of the Interior. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 March 2016.
  5. ^ "Recorriendo las Elecciones de 1983 a 2013". Dirección Nacional Electoral. Archived from the original on 17 August 2022.
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1985 Argentine legislative election
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