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1954 Argentine general election

1954 Argentine vice presidential election

← 1951 25 April 1954 1958 →
Vice Presidential election
Registered9,222,075
Turnout85.58%
 
Nominee Alberto Teisaire Crisólogo Larralde
Party Peronist Party Radical Civic Union
Popular vote 4,944,106 2,493,422
Percentage 64.52% 32.22%

Vice President before election

Vacant
(Hortensio Quijano deceased in 1952)

Vice President-elect

Alberto Teisaire
Peronist Party

Legislative election
25 April 1954

79 of 155 seats in the Chamber of Deputies
9 of 14 non-voting delegates in the Chamber of Deputies
18 of 34 seats in the Senate
Turnout85.99%
Party % Seats +/–
Chamber of Deputies
Peronist Party

64.28% 74 +4
Radical Civic Union

32.31% 5 −2
Senate
Peronist Party

% 18 +3
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.

The Argentine General election of 1954 was held on 25 April. Voters chose both their legislators and the Vice-President of Argentina; with a turnout of 85%.

Background

The death of his wife and closest advisor, Evita, stuck President Juan Perón amid serious difficulties. A severe drought in 1952 and years of pessimism in Argentina's important agrarian sector depleted foreign reserves and forced Perón to curtail public lending and spending programs. The recession (and a bumper crop) did, however, allow Central Bank reserves to recover and brought inflation (50% in 1951) to single digits.[1]

Controversy surrounding Perón's in-laws and political violence both by and against his Peronist movement had dogged the president in the first half of 1953, and he took the opportunity of upcoming legislative polls to test his popularity. The Argentine Constitution did not require it at the time, but the President announced a special election to replace the late Vice President, Hortensio Quijano. Dr. Quijano had died on April 3, 1952, two months and one day before his term was to have ended on June 4, 1952. Perón nominated Senator Alberto Teisaire as the candidate for the then named Partido Peronista (Peronist Party).

Teisaire was familiar to Perón from the 1943 coup d'état; the former rear admiral had helped retain the normally restive Navy's support for the populist leader before and after Perón's 1946 election and, after eight years in the Senate, he remained close to the military - a far from trivial consideration.[2]

In the opposition since 15 years before Perón took office, the centrist UCR had been burdened by censorship and sundry forms of harassment since 1930, and 1953 had been marked by the jailing of most of their leaders. Among the few prominent figures in the party available to run for the vice-presidency was Crisólogo Larralde. Larralde had opposed the UCR's 1945 alliance with conservatives and socialists against Perón, and was a well-known figure in the UCR's dissident, pro-Perón "Renewal Group." This did not, however, ease the UCR's restriction to access to most mass media, and the party was defeated by similar numbers to their 1951 loss.[3]

Results

Vice president

CandidatePartyVotes%
Alberto TeisairePeronist Party (PP)4,994,10664.52
Crisólogo LarraldeRadical Civic Union (UCR)2,493,42232.22
Benito de MiguelNational Democratic Party (PDN)105,5501.36
Alcira de la PeñaCommunist Party (PCA)89,6241.16
Luciano MolinasDemocratic Progressive Party (PDP)54,0540.70
José Fernando PenelónLabour Gathering Party (CO)3,1830.04
Total7,739,939100.00
Valid votes7,739,93998.07
Invalid/blank votes152,4221.93
Total votes7,892,361100.00
Registered voters/turnout9,222,07585.58
Source: National University of San Martín

Chamber of Deputies

Party Votes % Deputies Non-voting delegates
Won Total Won Total
Peronist Party (PP) 4,977,586 64.28 74 143 9 14
Radical Civic Union (UCR) 2,502,109 32.31 5 12
National Democratic Party (PDN) 104,006 1.34
Communist Party (PCA) 88,007 1.14
Democratic Progressive Party (PDP) 46,077 0.60
Socialist Party of the National Revolution (PS RN) 22,516 0.29
Labour Gathering Party (CO) 3,183 0.04
Total 7,743,484 100 79 155 9 14
Positive votes 7,743,484 97.93
Invalid/blank votes 163,374 2.07
Total votes 7,906,858 100
Registered voters/turnout 9,194,157 85.99
Source:[4]

Senate

Party Votes % Seats won Total seats
Peronist Party (PP) 18 34
Radical Civic Union (UCR)
National Democratic Party (PDN)
Communist Party (PCA)
Democratic Progressive Party (PDP)
Socialist Party of the National Revolution (PS RN)
Total 18 34
Positive votes
Invalid/blank votes
Total votes 100
Registered voters/turnout

Notes

  1. ^ Todo Argentina: 1953 (in Spanish)
  2. ^ Potash, Robert. The Army and Politics in Argentina. Stanford University Press, 1996.
  3. ^ Todo Argentina: 1954 (in Spanish)
  4. ^ Nohlen, Dieter (2005). Elections in the Americas: A Data Handbook. Vol. II: South America. Nueva York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-928358-3.
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1954 Argentine general election
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