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1916 Argentine general election

1916 Argentine general election

Presidential election
← 1910 2 April 1916 1922 →

300 members of the Electoral College
151 votes needed to win
 
Nominee Hipólito Yrigoyen Ángel Rojas Lisandro de la Torre
Party Radical Civic Union Conservative Party Democratic Progressive Party
Running mate Pelagio Luna Juan Eugenio Serú Alejandro Carbó
Electoral vote 133 70 64
States carried 5 + CF 4 4
Popular vote 340,802 150,245 135,308
Percentage 47.25% 20.83% 18.76

Most voted party by province.

President before election

Victorino de la Plaza
National Autonomist Party

Elected President

Hipólito Yrigoyen
Radical Civic Union

Legislative election
← 1914 2 April 1916 1918 →

62 of 120 seats in the Chamber of Deputies
Turnout65.59%
Party % Seats +/–
Chamber of Deputies
Radical Civic Union

45.08% 26 +6
Conservative Concentration

21.99% 18 −9
Democratic Progressive Party

14.62% 7 +5
Socialist Party

7.46% 3 −4
Dissident Radical Civic Union

3.92% 4 +4
Liberal Party of Corrientes

2.38% 3 −2
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Results by province

General elections were held in Argentina on 2 April 1916. Voters elected the President, legislators, and local officials. The first secret-ballot presidential elections in the nation's history, they were mandatory and had a turnout of 62.8%. The turnout for the Chamber of Deputies election was 65.9%.

Background

UCR leader Hipólito Yrigoyen greets supporters following his 1916 victory. His advocacy for free elections for over a generation resulted in Argentina's first pluralist government.

President Roque Sáenz Peña kept his word to the exiled leader of the Radical Civic Union (UCR), Hipólito Yrigoyen, who in turn abandoned his party's twenty-year-old boycott of elections. The president overcame nearly two years of conservative opposition in Congress (and pressure from his own social class) to pass in 1912 what was later known as the Sáenz Peña Law, which mandated universal male suffrage and the secret ballot. His health deteriorating quickly, the President lived to see the fruition of his reforms: the 1914 mid-term elections, which gave the UCR 19 out of the 60 Lower House seats in play (the ruling party obtained 10) and the governorship of Santa Fe Province (then the second-most important). Another beneficiary of the Sáenz Peña Law was the Socialist Party, led by Congressman Juan B. Justo. The formerly dominant PAN remained divided between the Conservative Party, led by the Governor of Buenos Aires Province, Marcelino Ugarte, and the Democratic Progressive Party, led by a reformist publisher and Congressman, Lisandro de la Torre.[1]

Strengthened by both popular appeal and the fractiousness of its opposition, the UCR experienced dissent within from its Santa Fe Province chapter, whose endorsement Yrigoyen was unable to obtain. The Socialists lost one of its best-known lawmakers, Alfredo Palacios, who would run on a splinter Socialist ticket for several future elections. The Conservative Party's presumptive nominee, Governor Ugarte, stepped aside in favor of a lesser-known party figure, San Juan Province Governor Ángel Rojas, in a bid to attract votes from the hinterland and from moderates. President Victorino de la Plaza refused to interfere on behalf of the Conservatives (despite an assassination attempt that would have provided him with ample pretext). Refusing to back them, he fielded his own Provincial Party, which was limited mainly to his native Santiago del Estero Province. Faced with only token opposition from the remnants of the once-paramount PAN, Yrigoyen pledged to donate his salary to charity, if elected, and encouraged the rich country's impoverished majority to know him as "the father of the poor." [2]

Election day, April 2, handed an unexpectedly large victory to Yrigoyen, who still had to await the results from the electoral college (which met in July). The dissident Santa Fe UCR had drained a significant number of electors from the official ticket, and Yrigoyen obtained but 133 of the body's 300 electors. Numerous Democratic Progressives, moreover, became faithless electors - pledging their support to the Conservative Party. Santa Fe's UCR, however, resorted to the same tactic, allowing Yrigoyen its 19 electors and making the patient activist for voter rights the first democratically elected President of Argentina.[3]

Candidates

President

Popular Vote

Presidential
candidate
Vice Presidential
candidate
Party Popular vote Electoral vote
Votes % Votes %
Hipólito Yrigoyen Pelagio Luna Radical Civic Union (UCR) 340.802 47,25 133 44,33
Ángel Dolores Rojas Juan Eugenio Serú Total Rojas-Serú 150,245 20.83 70 23.33
Conservative Party 96,103 13.33 46 15.33
Popular Party 16,141 2.24 7 2.33
Democratic Union 13,921 1.93 4 1.33
Autonomist Party of Corrientes 9,645 1.34
Civic Concentration 9,170 1.27 7 2.33
Provincial Party 5,265 0.73 6 2.00
Lisandro de la Torre Alejandro Carbó Total de la Torre - Carbó 135,308 18.76 64 21.33
Democratic Progressive Party (PDP) 115,604 16.03 49 16.33
Provincial Union 10,909 1.51 8 2.67
Catamarca Concentration 8,795 1.22 7 2.33
Juan B. Justo Nicolás Repetto Socialist Party (PS) 66.397 9,21 14 4,67
No candidates Dissident Radical Civic Union 28.116 3,90 19 6,33
Argentine Socialist Party (PSA) 347 0,05
Total 721.215 100
Positive votes 721.215 96,49
Blank votes 26.256 3,51
Total votes 747.471 100
Registered voters/turnout 1.189.254 62,85
Sources:[4][5][6][7]

Electoral Vote

Presidential Candidates Party Electoral Votes
Hipólito Yrigoyen Radical Civic Union 152
Ángel Dolores Rojas Conservative Party 104
Lisandro de la Torre Democratic Progressive Party 20
Juan B. Justo Socialist Party 14
Alejandro Carbó Democratic Progressive Party 8
Total voters 298
Did not vote 2
Total 300
Vice Presidential Candidates Party Electoral Votes
Pelagio Luna Radical Civic Union 152
Juan Eugenio Serú Conservative Party 103
Alejandro Carbó Democratic Progressive Party 20
Nicolás Repetto Socialist Party 14
Carlos Ibarguren Democratic Progressive Party 8
Julio Argentino Pascual Roca Conservative Party 1
Total voters 298
Did not vote 2
Total 300

Electoral Vote by Province

Province President Vice President
Yrigoyen Rojas de la Torre Justo Carbó Luna Serú Carbó Repetto Ibarguren Roca
Buenos Aires City 30 14 30 14
Buenos Aires 20 40 20 40
Catamarca 3 7 3 7
Córdoba 18 7 18 7
Corrientes 6 12 6 12
Entre Ríos 15 7 15 7
Jujuy 2 6 2 6
La Rioja 2 6 2 6
Mendoza 8 4 8 3 1
Salta 4 8 4 8
San Juan 3 7 3 7
San Luis 3 7 3 7
Santa Fe 19 8 19 8
Santiago del Estero 10 4 10 4
Tucumán 12 6 12 6
Total 152 104 20 14 8 152 103 20 14 8 1
Sources:[8][9]

Chamber of Deputies

Party Votes % Seats won Total seats
Radical Civic Union (UCR) 339,771 45.08 26 47
Total Conservative Parties 165,729 21.99 18 43
Conservative Party 112,922 14.98 15
Popular Party 16,394 2.17
Democratic Union 15,141 2.01 1
Provincial Union 11,339 1.50 2
Autonomist Party of Corrientes 9,933 1.32
Democratic Progressive Party (PDP) 110,238 14.62 7 9
Socialist Party (PS) 56,204 7.46 3 9
Dissident Radical Civic Union 29,542 3.92 4 4
Liberal Party of Corrientes 17,910 2.38 3 6
Others 34,390 4.56 1
Vacant seats 1 1
Total 753,784 100 62 120
Positive votes 753,784 96.63
Blank votes 26,250 3.37
Total votes 780,034 100
Registered voters/turnout 1,189,254 65.59
Sources:[10][11]

References

  1. ^ Todo Argentina: Roque Sáenz Peña (in Spanish)
  2. ^ Nouzeilles, Gabriella and Motaldo, Graciela. The Argentina Reader. Duke University Press, 2002.
  3. ^ Todo Argentina: 1916 Archived 2018-07-17 at the Wayback Machine (in Spanish)
  4. ^ Cantón, Darío (1968). Materiales para el estudio de la sociología política en la Argentina (PDF). Vol. Tomo I. Buenos Aires: Centro de Investigaciones Sociales - Torcuato di Tella Institute. p. 91.
  5. ^ Historia Electoral Argentina (1912-2007) (PDF). Ministry of Interior - Subsecretaría de Asuntos Políticos y Electorales. December 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 September 2014.
  6. ^ Las Fuerzas Armadas restituyen el imperio de la soberanía popular: Las elecciones generales de 1946 (PDF). Vol. Tomo I. Buenos Aires: Imprenta de la Cámara de Diputados. 1946. pp. 368–375.
  7. ^ Ansaldi, Waldo (Feb 1989). "Estado, partidos y sociedad en la Argentina Radical, 1916-1930" (PDF). Revista Uruguaya de Ciencias Sociales. No. 2. Centro Latinoamericano de Economía Humana.
  8. ^ Diario de sesiones de la Cámara de Senadores - Año 1916 - Tomo I. Buenos Aires: Talleres Gráficos de L. J. Rosso y Cía. 1916. pp. 88–110.
  9. ^ Duhalde, Eduardo Luis (2007). Acción Parlamentaria de John William Cooke. Buenos Aires: Colihue. p. 232. ISBN 978-950-563-460-6.
  10. ^ Elecciones (PDF). Estudios e Investigaciones Nº7. Vol. I. Dirección de Información Parlamentaria del Congreso de la Nación. April 1993. p. 188. ISBN 950-685-009-7.
  11. ^ Solís Carnicer, María del Mar (March 2006). La cultura política en Corrientes. Partidos, elecciones y prácticas electorales (1909-1930) (PDF). Mendoza: National University of Cuyo. p. 227.
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1916 Argentine general election
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