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1951 Argentine general election

1951 Argentine general election

Presidential election
← 1946 11 November 1951 1954 →
Registered8,613,998
Turnout88.16%
 
Nominee Juan Perón Ricardo Balbín
Party Peronist Party Radical Civic Union
Running mate Hortensio Quijano Arturo Frondizi
States carried 24 + CF 0
Popular vote 4,745,168 2,415,750
Percentage 63.51% 32.33%

Most voted party by province.

President before election

Juan Perón
Peronist Party

Elected President

Juan Perón
Peronist Party

Legislative election
← 1948 11 November 1951 1954 →

149 seats in the Chamber of Deputies
11 non-voting delegates in the Chamber of Deputies
30 seats in the Senate
Turnout88.23%
Party % Seats
Chamber of Deputies
Peronist Party

62.21% 135
Radical Civic Union

33.27% 14
Senate
Peronist Party

% 30
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.

General elections were held in Argentina on 11 November 1951. Voters chose both the President of Argentina and their legislators. This was the first election in the country to have enfranchised women at the national level. Turnout was around 88%.

Background

President Juan Perón (1895–1974) had become President for the first time in June 1946. His popularity was riding high following five years of social reforms and a vigorous public works program, but he faced intensifying opposition during 1951. His decision to expropriate the conservative La Prensa (then the nation's second-most circulated daily), though lauded by the CGT labor union, damaged his standing elsewhere at home and his reputation in other countries, as did the climate of political liberties: the opposition UCR's nominee, Congressman Ricardo Balbín, had spent much of the previous year as a political prisoner. Economically, the year was an improvement over the 1949–50 recession and saw the completion of a number of landmark public works and the inaugural of Channel 13 (Public Television), the first regular broadcast station in Latin America; but growing inflation (50%, a record at the time) led to increasing strike activity.

Ballot paper for Perón - Quijano.
The ailing Eva Perón (right) casts a vote for the "reason of her life," President Juan Perón.

The UCR and other parties in opposition, harassed and deprived of access to the media, boycotted a number of Congressional races and all Senate races as well. The vice president, Hortensio Quijano, had requested leave from the campaign due to failing health and, on August 22, the CGT organized a rally on Buenos Aires' massive Ninth of July Avenue in support of the influential first lady Eva Perón as her husband's running mate, though unbeknownst to the crowd, the popular Evita was, like Quijano, dying, and thus refused the acclamation. Quijano reluctantly stayed on; but his stepping aside did not prevent a September 28 coup attempt against Perón on the part of ultraconservative elements in the Army. Ultimately, these ill-considered attacks, the Peróns' popularity and their control of much of the media combined to give the Peronist Party a landslide in the election, the first at the national level in which the vote was extended to women.[1]

Candidates

Results

President

Presidential
candidate
Vice Presidential
candidate
Party Votes %
Juan Domingo Perón Hortensio Quijano Peronist Party (PP) 4,745,168 63.51
Ricardo Balbín Arturo Frondizi Radical Civic Union (UCR) 2,415,750 32.33
Reynaldo Pastor Vicente Solano Lima National Democratic Party (PDN) 174,399 2.33
Rodolfo Ghioldi Alcira de la Peña Communist Party (PC) 71,318 0.95
Alfredo Palacios Américo Ghioldi Socialist Party (PS) 54,920 0.74
Genaro Giacobini Jorge Francisco Rivero Public Health Party 5,512 0.07
Luciano Molinas Juan A. Díaz Arana Democratic Progressive Party (PDP) 2,634 0.04
José Fernando Penelón Beniamino A. Semiza Labour Gathering Party (CO) 1,233 0.02
No candidates Nationalist Civic Union 163 0.00
Total 7,471,097 100
Positive votes 7,471,097 98.38
Invalid/blank votes 110,123 1.45
Tally sheet differences 12,928 0.17
Total votes 7,594,148 100
Registered voters/turnout 8,613,998 88.16
Sources:[2][3][4]

Chamber of Deputies

Party Votes % Deputies Non-voting delegates
1952-1955 1952-1958 Total 1952-1955 1952-1958 Total
Peronist Party (PP) 4,330,886 62.21 67 68 135 6 5 11
Radical Civic Union (UCR) 2,397,262 33.27 7 7 14
National Democratic Party (PDN) 175,991 2.45
Socialist Party (PS) 74,126 1.03
Communist Party (PCA) 70,877 0.98
Democratic Progressive Party (PDP) 2,717 0.04
Labour Gathering Party (CO) 1,276 0.02
Nationalist Civic Union 90 0.01
Total 7,205,312 100 74 75 149 6 5 11
Positive votes 7,205,312 97.63
Invalid/blank votes 175,120 2.37
Total votes 7,377,322 100
Registered voters/turnout 8,360,993 88.23
Source:[2]

Senate

Party Votes % Seats
1952-1955
Seats
1952-1958
Total seats
Peronist Party (PP) 15 15 30
Radical Civic Union (UCR)
National Democratic Party (PDN)
Socialist Party (PS)
Communist Party (PCA)
Democratic Progressive Party (PDP)
Total 15 15 30
Positive votes
Invalid/blank votes
Total votes 100
Registered voters/turnout

Provincial Governors

Election of Provincial Governors
Elected positions: 14 governors, 14 legislative bodies

Presidential appointment: 9 territorial governors, Mayor of the city of Buenos Aires

Date Province Elected Winner Runner-up
11 November Buenos Aires Governor
Vice Governor
Provincial legislatures
Carlos Aloé
(Partido Peronista)
(62,99 %)
Crisólogo Larralde
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(33,30 %)
Catamarca Governor
Vice Governor
Provincial legislatures
Armando Casas Nóblega
(Partido Peronista)
(76,66 %)
Ramón Edgardo Acuña
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(21,58 %)
Córdoba Governor
Vice Governor
Provincial legislatures
Raúl Lucini
(Partido Peronista)
(51,98 %)
Arturo Umberto Illia
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(43,08 %)
Corrientes Governor
Vice Governor
Provincial legislatures
Raúl Benito Castillo
(Partido Peronista)
(64,36 %)
Héctor Lomónaco
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(26,70 %)
Entre Ríos Governor
Vice Governor
Provincial legislatures
Felipe Texier
(Partido Peronista)
(63,07 %)
Fermín J. Garay
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(32,68 %)
Jujuy Governor
Vice Governor
Provincial legislatures
Jorge Villafañe
(Partido Peronista)
(79,29 %)
Horacio Guzmán
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(15,01 %)
La Rioja Governor
Vice Governor
Provincial legislatures
Juan Melis
(Partido Peronista)
(73,97 %)
Herminio Torres Brizuela
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(26,03 %)
Mendoza Governor
Vice Governor
Provincial legislatures
Carlos Horacio Evans
(Partido Peronista)
(66,89 %)
Leopoldo Suárez
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(21,22 %)
Salta Governor
Vice Governor
Provincial legislatures
Ricardo Joaquín Durand
(Partido Peronista)
(76,37 %)
Ricardo E. Aráoz
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(23,34 %)
San Juan Governor
Vice Governor
Provincial legislatures
Rinaldo Viviani
(Partido Peronista)
(78,67 %)
Juan Pascual Pringles
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(16,57 %)
San Luis Governor
Provincial legislatures
Víctor Endeiza
(Partido Peronista)
(71,16 %)
Julio Domeniconi
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(15,83 %)
Santa Fe Governor
Vice Governor
Provincial legislatures
Luis Cárcamo
(Partido Peronista)
(64,92 %)
Alfredo Julio Grassi
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(33,08 %)
Santiago del Estero Governor
Provincial legislatures
Francisco González
(Partido Peronista)
(78,72 %)
Hugo Catella
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(14,06 %)
Tucumán Governor
Vice Governor
Provincial legislatures
Luis Cruz
(Partido Peronista)
(70,70 %)
Celestino Gelsi
(Unión Cívica Radical)
(27,40 %)

Footnotes

  1. ^ Todo Argentina
  2. ^ a b Confirmación electoral de la voluntad justicialista del pueblo argentino (PDF). Buenos Aires: Ministry of Interior. 1952.
  3. ^ Cantón, Darío (1968). Materiales para el estudio de la sociología política en la Argentina (PDF). Vol. Tomo I. Buenos Aires: Centro de Investigaciones Sociales - Torcuato di Tella Institute. pp. 141–142.
  4. ^ Historia Electoral Argentina (1912-2007) (PDF). Ministry of Interior - Subsecretaría de Asuntos Políticos y Electorales. December 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 September 2014.
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1951 Argentine general election
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