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Democratic Party (Argentina)

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It has been suggested that this article should be split into articles titled Democratic Party (Argentina, 1931) and Democratic Party (Argentina, 2019). (discuss) (June 2023)
Democratic Party
Partido Demócrata
AbbreviationPD
PresidentCarlos Balter[1][2]
Secretary-GeneralVictoria Villarruel
FounderRobustiano Patrón Costas
Founded
  • 1931 (1931)
  • 2019 (2019)[a]
Dissolved1958 (1958)[b]
Preceded byNational Autonomist Party
HeadquartersBuenos Aires
IdeologyArgentine nationalism[3]
Conservatism[4]
Liberal conservatism[5]
Previously:
Fascism (factions)[6][7]
Political positionRight-wing[8] to far-right[9]
National affiliation
Colours
  •   Dark blue[b]
  •   Blue[a]
Seats in the Chamber of Deputies
7 / 257
Seats in the Senate
1 / 72

The Democratic Party (Spanish: Partido Demócrata, PD) is a conservative political party in Argentina created in 1931. Founded as the National Democratic Party (Spanish: Partido Demócrata Nacional, PDN), it was generally known simply as Conservative Party (Spanish: Partido Conservador).[10] It is considered the successor of the National Autonomist Party (PAN), which disappeared in 1916. It is made up of seven district parties: Democratic Party of Buenos Aires, Democratic Party of the Federal Capital, Democratic Party of Chaco, Democratic Party of Córdoba, Democratic Party of Mendoza, Democratic Party of San Luis and Democratic Party of Santa Fe.[11] In addition to having provisional legal status in San Juan[12] and provincial personality in Misiones.[13]

Along with the Antipersonalist Radical Civic Union (UCR-A) and the Independent Socialist Party (PSI) it was a part of the Concordancia, a coalition government that ruled between 1932 and 1943, a period of Argentine history known as the "Infamous Decade", characterised by massive voter fraud.

Among its leading figures were Robustiano Patrón Costas, Julio Argentino Pascual Roca, Manuel Fresco and Rodolfo Moreno. Ramón S. Castillo, Vice-President to Roberto María Ortiz, who went to serve as acting President between 1940 and 1942, and later as President until June 4, 1943, was a member of this party. The party was renamed in 1946 as the Democratic Party.

After the "Revolución Libertadora" (1955–1958), the military uprising which overthrew Juan Perón, the party was dissolved at a national level, with only a few regional branches remaining active, such as the Democratic Party of the City of Buenos Aires or the Democratic Party of Córdoba.

In 2019, the party emerged again at a national level after 61 years. For the 2023 Argentine general election, they joined La Libertad Avanza coallition led by Javier Milei and the party secretary-general Victoria Villarruel. Milei won the election in the run-off, and the Democratic Party obtained seven seats in the Chamber of Deputies and one in the Senate.

Symbols

Flag

Notes

  1. ^ a b Refoundation at national level
  2. ^ a b Dissolved at national level

References

  1. ^ "Carlos Balter se ilusiona con la llegada de Milei y habla de la casta" [Carlos Balter is excited about the arrival of Milei and talks about the caste] (in Spanish). MDZ. 1 May 2022. Retrieved 21 April 2022.
  2. ^ "Javier Milei consigue atraer a los jóvenes en Mendoza, aunque la estructura que lo promueve es un partido de los más conservadores" [Javier Milei manages to attract young people in Mendoza, although the structure that promotes him is one of the most conservative parties] (in Spanish). Clarín. 1 May 2022. Retrieved 23 April 2022.
  3. ^ Colombres, Carlos A. Luque (1991). Patrón Costas en la historia (in Spanish). Ed. SEPA.
  4. ^ "Evocaron al doctor Emilio Hardoy en el Partido Demócrata". La Nación. 30 July 2002.
  5. ^ Lattuada, Mario J. (1987). Política agraria del liberalismo-conservador, 1946-1985 (in Spanish). Centro Editor de América Latina. ISBN 978-950-25-1455-0.
  6. ^ del Carril, Bonifacio (1942). Temas de política argentina: externa e interna (in Spanish). Movimiento de la Renovación. Retrieved 2023-11-29.
  7. ^ Aisenstein, Ángela; Scharagrodsky, Pablo (2006). Tras las huellas de la educación física escolar argentina: cuerpo, género y pedagogía, 1880-1950 (in Spanish). Prometeo Libros Editorial. ISBN 978-987-574-067-9. Retrieved 2023-11-29.
  8. ^ Nación, Argentina Congreso de la Nación Senado de la (1935). Acta (in Spanish). Retrieved 2023-09-01.
  9. ^ Historia e historias: Carlos S.A. Segreti in memoriam (in Spanish). Centro de Estudios Históricos "Profesor Carlos S.A. Segreti". 1999. ISBN 9789879064405. Retrieved 2023-09-01.
  10. ^ Walter, Richard J. (1984). "Politics, Parties, and Elections in Argentina's Province of Buenos Aires, 1912-42". The Hispanic American Historical Review. 64 (4): 707–735. doi:10.2307/2514751. JSTOR 2514751.
  11. ^ "Cámara Nacional Electoral". www.electoral.gob.ar. Retrieved 2023-10-19.
  12. ^ "BOLETIN OFICIAL REPUBLICA ARGENTINA - PARTIDO DEMOCRATA". www.boletinoficial.gob.ar. Retrieved 2023-10-19.
  13. ^ "El partido Demócrata de Misiones se consolidó como la quinta fuerza en las elecciones legislativas - MisionesOnline" (in Spanish). 2021-06-16. Retrieved 2023-10-19.

See also

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Democratic Party (Argentina)
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