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Help:IPA/Khmer

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Khmer language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see Template:IPA and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

Consonants[edit]

Full Subscript Initial Value Final Value[1] Series[2]
្ក k k, ʔ 1
្ខ k 1
្គ k k, ʔ 2
្ឃ k 2
្ង ŋ ŋ 2[3]
្ច c c 1
្ឆ none [4] 1
្ជ c c 2
្ឈ none [4] 2
្ញ ɲ ɲ 2[3]
្ដ ɗ 1
្ឋ t̪ʰ 1
្ឌ ɗ 2
្ឍ t̪ʰ 2
្ណ 1
្ត , ɗ[5] 1
្ថ t̪ʰ 1
្ទ 2
្ធ t̪ʰ 2
្ន 2[3]
្ប ɓ, p[6] p 1
្ផ p 1
្ព p p 2
្ភ p 2
្ម m m 2[3]
្យ j j 2[3]
្រ r - , r[7] 2[3]
្ល 2[3]
្វ ʋ /ʋ/, /w/ 2[3]
្ស s h 1
្ហ h none [4] 1
- none [4] 1
្អ ʔ none [4] 1


Dependent Vowels[edit]

Vowel 1st Series Value 2nd Series Value[2]
ɑː ɔː
អា , eə
អិ , e, ə , i, ɪ, ɨ
អី ej
អឹ ɜ, ə ɨ, ə
អឺ əː ɨː
អុ , o u
អូ
អួ
អូវ əw, ɜw ɨw
អើ əː
អឿ ɨə
អៀ
អេ , e, ə[8] , ɪ, ɨ[8]
អែ ae ɛː, eː
អៃ aj ɪj, ɨj
អោ ao
អៅ aw əw, ɨw
អុំ om um
អំ ɑm um
អាំ am ɑm, oə̯m
អះ ah eah
អិះ eh ih
អឹះ əh eus
អឺះ əːh ers
អើះ aəh eurz
អែះ aeh aes
អុះ oh uh
អេះ eh ih, eh
អោះ ɑh uəh, ɔh


Independent Vowels[edit]

Vowel IPA
ʔeʔ, ʔe, ʔej
ʔej
ʔuʔ, ʔo
ʔok (obsolete)
ʔuː
ʔɜw,ʔɨw
rɨʔ, rə
rɨː
lɨʔ, lə
lɨː
ʔae
ʔaj
, ʔao
ʔaw

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The stops /p, t, c, k/ have no audible release when occurring as syllable finals, as in Cantonese
  2. ^ a b Khmer consonants belong to two classes that dictate the value of dependent vowels.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Can be changed to 1st series by stacking a above the subscript form. See here for further details.
  4. ^ a b c d e never occurs at the end of words
  5. ^ is used by orthographic convention to represent ɗ in disyllabic words whose underlying form is spelled with or as opposed to derivatives of bases spelled with , which keep the original for ɗ.
  6. ^ in certain words of Pali or Sanskrit origin
  7. ^ final is silent (not transcribed) in central dialects of Cambodia and Vietnam, represents a trill in Northern Khmer dialects of Thailand
  8. ^ a b before palatals

See also[edit]

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Help:IPA/Khmer
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