For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Help:IPA/Shan and Tai Lue.

Help:IPA/Shan and Tai Lue

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Shan and Tai Lue pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see Template:IPA, and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

IPA Shan Burmese New Tai Lue English approximation
b [1] ᦢ,ᦥ abash
d ၻ,ꩨ [1] ᦡ,ᦤ ado
f ဖှ ᦚ,ᦝ food
ɡ [1] good
h ᦠ,ᦣ head
j ᦊ,ᦍ yak
k က ᦂ,ᦅ scan
[2] ᦃ,ᦆ can
l လ,ꩮ ᦜ,ᦟ live
m ᦖ,ᦙ much
n ᦐ,ᦓ not
ŋ ᦄ,ᦇ bang
ɲ [1] canyon
p ᦔ,ᦗ span
ᦕ,ᦘ pan
r ရ,꩹ [1] [1] roughly like water (American English)
s [3] ᦉ,ᦌ sue
ʃ သျ ရှ shoe
t တ,ꩦ ᦎ,ᦑ stable
ထ,ꩧ,ꩪ,ꩩ ᦏ,ᦒ table
ts [3] စ/ကျ ᦈ,ᦋ Betsy
tsʰ ၶျ ချ chang
θ [4] thing
v[5] ᦛ,ᦞ village
w[5] ᦛ,ᦞ way
x[2] ᦃ,ᦆ loch in Scottish English
z [4] zebra
ʔ အ/ ဩ ᦀ,ᦁ the catch in uh-oh
IPA Description
mid [aː˧]
à low [a˨˩] or [a˩]
â falling [a˥˩] (Tai Lü only)
creaky falling [a̰˥˩] (Shan only)
á high [a˥]
ǎ rising [a˨˦] (Shan only)
a᷄ high rising [a˧˥] (Tai Lü only)
a᷅ low rising [a˩˧] (Tai Lü only)
IPA Shan Burmese New Tai Lü English approximation
Short vowels
a unmarked အး cut
e ေ,ဵ roughly like say
ɛ ႄ, ႅ roughly like bat
i happy
o ူဝ် ို go without u sound (shorter)
ɔ ေႃ, ွ ော off
u ု, ူ loot (shorter)
ိုဝ် good
ိူဝ် ော်/ယ် ᦵᦲ roughly like hurt (shorter)
Long vowels
ၢ, ႃ ာ, ါ bra


  1. ^ a b c d e f In foreign words
  2. ^ a b /kʰ/ and /x/ are in free variation.
  3. ^ a b Sometimes /s/ and /ts/ are used interchangeably.
  4. ^ a b In Burmese loanwords
  5. ^ a b /v/ and /w/ are in free variation

See also[edit]

{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Help:IPA/Shan and Tai Lue
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!

Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.


Get ready for Wikiwand 2.0 🎉! the new version arrives on September 1st! Don't want to wait?