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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Albanian pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see Template:IPA and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

IPA Orthography English approximation
b b bat
c q chance
d d debt
dz x goods
xh jet
ð dh then
f f far
ɡ g go
h h hat
j j yes
ɟ gj jar
k k scar
l l lean
ɫ ll bull
m m man
n n not
ɲ nj onion
ŋ ng bang
p p spend
r rr rolled r[1]
ɾ r American atom[1]
s s son
ʃ sh show
t t stand
ts c hats
ç[2] chin
v v van
z z zip
ʒ zh vision
θ th thin
IPA Orthography English approximation
a a father
ɛ e bed
ə ë about
i i seed
ɔ o off (Tosk)
o American Joe (Gheg)
u u cool
y y somewhat like cute
IPA Examples Explanation
ˈ gjahtar [ɟahˈtaɾ] primary stress (placed before the stressed syllable)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b The contrast between flapped r and trilled rr is the same as in Spanish. English does not phonemically have either sound.
  2. ^ The letter ⟨ç⟩ is sometimes written ⟨ch⟩ due to technical limitations or because of its use in English for the same sound and its analogy to the other digraphs ⟨xh⟩, ⟨sh⟩, and ⟨zh⟩. Usually, it is written simply ⟨c⟩ or, more rarely, ⟨q⟩, with the context resolving any ambiguities.

General and cited references[edit]

  • "Albanian language, alphabets and pronunciation".
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