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Help:IPA/Egyptian Arabic

The charts below show how the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Egyptian Arabic pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see Template:IPA and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Egyptian Arabic phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Egyptian Arabic.

The romanization of the examples is the commonly used form in Egypt.

IPA Arabic letter Example Romanization English approximation
ʔ ء, أ, إ, آ, ؤ, ئ, ق مؤمن
Moamen uh-(ʔ)oh
ʕ ع عين
ein no equivalent
b ب بواب
bawab bike
d د دقه
dakka done
ض ضمير
damir emphatic /d/
f ف فول
foul fast
ɡ ج جمال
Gamal gas
h هـ هشام
Hesham hat
ħ ح حب
hob had, but pharyngeal
j ى ياما
yama yes
k ك كوارع
kawarea skin
l ل لمبه
lamba lip
m م مازوره
mazoura mother
n ن نونو
nounou nest
q[1] ق القاهره
el Kahera cap, but uvular
ɾ[2] ر راجل
ragel Flapped or rolled R
s س




ص صباح
Sabah emphatic /s/
ʃ ش شوربه
shorba ship
t ت توت
tout star
ط طارق
Tarek emphatic /t/
w و وش
wesh water
x خ خريف
kharif loch (Scottish English)
ɣ غ غسيل
ghasil French "R"
z ز ذ زباله
zebala zebra
ظ ظابط
zabet emphatic /z/
Non-native Consonants[3]
p پ ب پيتر
piːteɾ, -tɑɾ]
Peter spark
v ڤ ف نيڤين
[nɪˈviːn, ne-]
Nevin view
ʒ چ ج چورچ
George vision
IPA Example Romanization English approximation
æ جمال
Gamal mad
ɑ لمبه
lamba father
ɪ~e[4] انتى
enti sit or set
i[4] انتى
enti happy
ʊ~o[5] انتو
ento put or more
u[5] نونو
nounou food
æː جمال
Gamal mad
ɑː بابا
baba father
leil bay
habibi need
roh more
foul food
Diphthongs (vowel+glide)
æj أيمن
ɑj مايه
mayya white
æw دوله
ɑw دوره
ej ميه
meyya stay
ew~ow اوعه
IPA examples Explanation
ˈ جميل
/ɡæˈmiːl/ ("beautiful")
Indicates that the following syllable is stressed.
ː ليل
/leːl/ ("night")
Indicates that the preceding vowel is long.


  1. ^ The classicized consonant [q] only occurs in Classical Arabic borrowings and proper nouns.
  2. ^ The rhotic consonant is in free variation between a flap [ɾ] and a trill [r].
  3. ^ The phonemes /p/, /v/, and /ʒ/ are only found in loanwords and they can be pronounced as /b/, /f/, and /ʃ/ respectively depending on the speaker.
  4. ^ a b [ɪ~e] and [i] are allophones of the phoneme /i/. Word initial and medial /i/ in stressed syllables typically varies across [ɪ~e], but it is strictly [i] at the end of words, in unstressed syllables.
  5. ^ a b [ʊ~o] and [u] are allophones of the phoneme /u/. Word initial and medial /u/ in stressed syllables typically varies across [ʊ~o], but it varies [u~ʊ~o] in final positions.

See also[edit]

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Help:IPA/Egyptian Arabic
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