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Help:IPA/Mongolian

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Mongolian language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. The dialect used in this chart is Khalkha Mongolian. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see Template:IPA and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

Consonants
IPA Cyrillic English approximation
f ф[1] five
g г[2] got
ɢ similar to got (but deeper in the throat)
ʲ ь[3] Russian пять, English f[y]ew;
occasionally unpronounced[4]
к[1] cot
ɮ л Not found in English; Welsh llwyd (but voiced)
ɬʰ лх[5] Not found in English; Welsh llwyd (remaining voiceless)
m м mother
n н north
ŋ link, sing
p б spend
п[6] pen
r р Scottish roll; Spanish rosa
s с seven
ʃ ш shirt
щ[1]
t д stand
т tan
t͡s з cats
t͡sʰ ц let's have
t͡ʃ ж exchange
t͡ʃʰ ч change
w в win
x х Scottish loch; German Bach
ъ[6] Unpronounced.[7]
Vowels
IPA Cyrillic English approximation
Monophthongs
a а art
аа father
e э bet
ээ bed
i и[8] leaf
ий[9], ы[10] leave
ɔ о off
ɔː оо dog
ɵ ө similar to nurse
өө RP/Australian thought
u ү boot
үү food
ʊ у look
ʊː уу good
iotated vowels
ja я y'all
е yurt
ё yawn
ju ю[11] yule
yuck, with a vowel like look
diphthongs
ai[12] ай price
ei эй[13] flame
ɔi ой choice
ui үй phooey
ʊi уй roughly like weary or Uyghur

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Used only in loanwords.
  2. ^ [g] and [ɢ] are contrastive in Ulaanbaatar Mongolian, but are allophones of the single phoneme /g/ in some other dialects.
  3. ^ Always follows another consonant, and usually modifies the sound with iotation (unless used before е, in which case it is unpronounced).
  4. ^ Occasionally used before е to indicate that its pronunciation should not be blended with the consonant before it (as its sound is iotated).
  5. ^ Uncommon, and only found in loanwords of Tibetan origin, but occurs in some high-frequency words such as лхагва ("Wednesday").
  6. ^ a b Uncommon, but more often found in loanwords.
  7. ^ Used before я and ё to indicate that its pronunciation should not be blended with the consonant before it (as its sound is iotated).
  8. ^ In addition to the vowel sound, и also palatalizes any consonant immediately before it.
  9. ^ Resembles a diphthong, but is phonetically and phonemically a long monophthong. ии is not used.
  10. ^ The only long vowel represented by a single letter. Although pronounced with the same vowel sound as ий, it does not palatalize the preceding consonant. Other than loanwords, it is only found in inflectional suffixes.
  11. ^ Generally, /ju/ in words containing э, ө, ү & е; /jʊ/ in words containing а, о у, я & ё. See vowel harmony.
  12. ^ The allophone [ɛː] is predominant.
  13. ^ Also used where өй would occur, as it is not used.

See also[edit]

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Help:IPA/Mongolian
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