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Provisional Government of Myanmar

Provisional Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar
Management Committee of the State Administration Council

Cabinet of Myanmar
2021–present
Min Aung Hlaing
Prime Minister Min Aung Hlaing
Date formed1 February 2021 (2021-02-01)
People and organisations
PresidentMyint Swe (acting)
Prime MinisterMin Aung Hlaing
Prime Minister's history
Deputy Prime MinisterSoe Win, Mya Tun Oo, Tin Aung San, Soe Htut, Win Shein, and Than Swe
Member parties
Status in legislatureLegislature dissolved
History
Incoming formation2021 Myanmar coup d'état
PredecessorWin Myint's Cabinet

The Provisional Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar[1] (Burmese: ပြည်ထောင်စုသမ္မတမြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော် အိမ်စောင့်အစိုးရ[2]), is the executive body of Myanmar under the current military junta, the State Administration Council. On 1 August 2021, it replaced the Management Committee of the State Administration Council, which had been in place since 19 February 2021, following the 2021 Myanmar coup d'état.[2][3][4] Some ministers were appointed by Min Aung Hlaing immediately following the coup on 1 February, in his capacity as Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services exercising emergency powers.[5]

Due to the state of emergency, the cabinet is led by Prime Minister Min Aung Hlaing rather than Acting President Myint Swe, despite the president being the constitutional head of government.[6][7][8][9][10][11]

Background

The 2021 coup came in the aftermath of the general election on 8 November 2020, in which the National League for Democracy won 396 out of 476 seats in parliament, an even larger margin of victory compared to that in the 2015 election. The military's proxy party, the Union Solidarity and Development Party, won only 33 seats.

The army disputed the results, claiming that the vote was fraudulent. The coup attempt had been rumored for several days, prompting statements of concern from Western powers such as France, the United States, and Australia.[12]

On the morning of 1 February 2021, President Win Myint, State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi, as well as several Union Ministers, State and Region Chief Ministers, State and Region Ministers, and elected MPs, were detained by the military.[13] Since then, the State Administration Council has governed the country.[9] The military deposed the elected civilian government and General Min Aung Hlaing, the commander-in-chief of Defence Services, announced the formation of a caretaker government with himself as prime minister and extended military rule through 2023, state media reported on 1 August 2021.[10][8]

This caretaker government is the second in Burmese history since independence.[10]

Government Reshuffle

February 2023 reshuffle

August 2023 reshuffle

September 2023 resuffle

  • On 25 September 2022, Deputy Prime Minister and Union Minister for Union Government Office 1 Lt-Gen Soe Htut was discharged to original military duties on 25 September 2023 under Order 86/2023.
  • Union Minister for Commerce U Aung Naing Oo was appointed as Union Minister for Union Government Office 1 under Order 87/2023.
  • U Tun Ohn was appointed Union Minister for Commerce under Order 88/2023.
  • Under Order 89/2023, Union Election Commission member U Bran Shaung and Deputy Minister for Commerce U Nyunt Aung allowed to retire from duties.
  • Under Order 90/2023, U Khin Aung was appointed member of the Union Election Commission.
  • Under Order 91/2023, SAC appointed U Lwin Oo as Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs and U Min Min as Deputy Minister for Commerce.

Cabinet

The Provisional Government comprises the following persons:[1]

  1. State Prime Minister (also serves as the Chairman of the State Administration Council)
  2. Deputy Prime Minister (also serves as the Vice-Chairman of the State Administration Council)
  3. Union Ministers (29 ministers, as of 1 September 2021)
  4. Attorney General of the Union (also serves as the Union Minister for Legal Affairs[15]),
  5. Permanent Secretary, Office of the Provisional Government

Head and deputy head

Office Name Term in office
Took office Left office Days
Chairman of the State Administration Council Min Aung Hlaing 2 February 2021 Incumbent 1117
Prime Minister of Myanmar 1 August 2021 937
Vice Chairman of the State Administration Council Soe Win 2 February 2021 1117
Deputy Prime Minister of Myanmar 1 August 2021 937
Mya Tun Oo 1 February 2023[16] 388
Tin Aung San
Win Shein
Soe Htut 25 September 2023[17] 236

Union Ministers

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Minister of Defence
General Mya Tun Oo
1 February 20213 August 2023 Tatmadaw
Admiral Tin Aung San
3 August 2023[18]Incumbent Tatmadaw
Minister of Home Affairs
Lieutenant General Soe Htut
1 February 20213 August 2023 Tatmadaw
Lieutenant General Yar Pyae[18]
3 August 2023Incumbent Tatmadaw
Minister of Foreign Affairs1 February 20211 February 2023 USDP
1 February 2023[19]Incumbent 
Minister of Union Government Office (1)
Lieutenant General Soe Htut
10 February 202011 May 2021 Tatmadaw
Lieutenant General Yar Pyae
11 May 20213 August 2023 Tatmadaw
Lieutenant General Soe Htut[18]
3 August 202324 September 2023 Tatmadaw
25 September 2023Incumbent Independent
Minister of Union Government Office (2)1 August 202119 August 2022 Independent
Ko Ko Naing
3 August 2023Incumbent Independent
Minister of Border Affairs
Lieutenant General Tun Tun Naung
1 February 2021Incumbent Tatmadaw
Minister of Planning and Finance1 February 2021Incumbent Independent
Minister of Investment and Foreign Economic Relations1 February 202119 August 2022 Independent
19 August 2022Incumbent Independent
Minister of International Cooperation1 February 2021Incumbent Independent
Attorney General and Minister of Legal Affairs[21]2 February 2021 and 30 August 2021Incumbent Independent
Minister of Information1 February 20211 August 2021 Independent
1 August 2021Incumbent Independent
Minister of Religious Affairs and Culture
Ko Ko
1 February 2021Incumbent Independent
Minister of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation
Tin Htut Oo
3 February 20211 February 2023 Independent
Min Naung[19]
1 February 2023Incumbent 
Minister of Cooperative and Rural Development[22]
Hla Moe
24 June 2021Incumbent Independent
Minister of Transport and Communications
Admiral Tin Aung San
3 February 20213 August 2023 Tatmadaw
3 August 2023Incumbent Tatmadaw
Minister of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation
Khin Maung Yee
2 February 2021Incumbent Independent
Minister of Electric Power
Thaung Han
2 May 2022Incumbent Independent
Minister of Energy
Thaung Han
2 May 20225 August 2022 Independent
Myo Myint Oo
5 August 2022Incumbent Independent
Minister of Industry22 May 2021Incumbent Independent
Minister of Immigration and Population (former MOLIP)1 August 202119 August 2022 USDP
Myint Kyaing[20]
19 August 2022Incumbent Independent
Minister of Labour (former MOLIP)1 February 202119 August 2022[20] Independent
Dr Pwint San
19 August 2022Incumbent Independent
Minister of Commerce3 February 202119 August 2022 Independent
19 August 202224 September 2023 Independent
Tun Ohn
25 September 2023Incumbent Independent
Minister of Education16 February 2021Incumbent Independent
Minister of Science and Technology[23]
Myo Thein Kyaw[24]
17 June 2021Incumbent Independent
Minister of Health (former Health and Sports[25])
Thet Khaing Win
1 February 2021Incumbent Independent
Minister of Sports and Youth Affairs[25]
Min Thein Zan[26]
1 August 2021Incumbent Independent
Minister of Construction
Shwe Lay
2 February 20211 February 2023 Independent
Myo Thant
1 February 2023[19]Incumbent 
Minister of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement4 February 20212 August 2023 PPP
Dr Soe Win
3 August 2023Incumbent Independent
Minister of Hotels and Tourism7 February 20215 August 2021 Independent
5 August 20211 February 2023 Independent
Aung Thaw
1 February 2023[19]2 August 2023 Independent
3 August 2023Incumbent PPP
Minister of Ethnic Affairs
Saw Tun Aung Myint
3 February 20211 February 2023 Independent
Jeng Phang Naw Taung
1 February 2023[19]Incumbent 
Minister of Electricity and Energy (dissolved)
Aung Than Oo
8 February 20212 May 2022[27] Independent

[28][29][30][31]

References

  1. ^ a b "Order No 152/2021, State Administration Council, Republic of the Union of Myanmar" (PDF). The Global New Light of Myanmar. MNA. 2 August 2021. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 August 2021. Retrieved 2 August 2021.
  2. ^ a b "နိုင်ငံတော်စီမံအုပ်ချုပ်ရေးကောင်စီ စီမံခန့်ခွဲရေး ကော်မတီကို အိမ်စောင့်အစိုးရအဖွဲ့ အဖြစ် ပြင်ဆင်ဖွဲ့စည်း" (in Burmese). ELEVEN MEDIA GROUP. 1 August 2021. Archived from the original on 1 August 2021. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
  3. ^ "ပြည်ထောင်စုသမ္မတမြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်၊ နိုင်ငံတော်စီမံအုပ်ချုပ်ရေးကောင်စီ၊ စီမံခန့်ခွဲရေးကော်မတီဖွဲ့စည်းခြင်း၊ အမိန့်ကြော်ငြာစာအမှတ် (၉/၂၀၂၁)". ပြည်ထောင်စုရှေ့နေချုပ်ရုံ၊ မြန်မာဥပဒေသတင်းအချက်အလက်စနစ် (in Burmese). 19 February 2021. Archived from the original on 12 August 2021.
  4. ^ Aung Lin Dwe (1 August 2021). "State Administration Council Order No 152/2021" (PDF). Global New Light of Myanmar. p. 2. Retrieved 5 February 2023.
  5. ^ Min Aung Hlaing (1 February 2021). "Office of Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services Order No (6/2021)" (PDF). Global New Light of Myanmar. p. 5. Retrieved 6 February 2023.
  6. ^ "Myanmar military leader takes new title of prime minister in caretaker government - state media".
  7. ^ "Myanmar's military ruler declares himself Prime Minister, pledges to hold elections by 2023".
  8. ^ a b "Myanmar Junta Forms Caretaker Government; Min Aung Hlaing is Prime Minister".
  9. ^ a b "Myanmar Junta Chief Takes on 'Caretaker' Government PM Role, Raising Constitutional Questions".
  10. ^ a b c "Fears of Another Long Dictatorship as Myanmar Coup Maker Appoints Himself PM".
  11. ^ "Myanmar junta chief takes charge of 'caretaker' government".
  12. ^ "Australia joins list of countries warning Myanmar military against staging coup amid fraud claims". ABC News (Australia). 30 January 2021. Retrieved 21 January 2023.
  13. ^ "သမ္မတ၊အတိုင်ပင်ခံပုဂ္ဂိုလ်နှင့် ဝန်ကြီးချုပ်များအပါအဝင် အစိုးရအဖွဲ့တာဝန်ရှိသူများ ထိန်းသိမ်းခံရ..." 1 February 2021.
  14. ^ "State Administration Council issues seven orders on reconstitution of SAC, reshuffle of cabinet" (PDF). The Global New Light of Myanmar. 26 September 2023. p. 3. Retrieved 26 September 2023.
  15. ^ "Order No 177/2021, State Administration Council, Republic of the Union of Myanmar" (PDF). The Global New Light of Myanmar. MNA. 31 August 2021. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 September 2021. Retrieved 2 August 2021.
  16. ^ "Myanmar Junta Reshuffles Governing Body". The Irrawaddy. 2 February 2023. Retrieved 6 February 2023.
  17. ^ "Myanmar reshuffle of generals suggests 'instability,' experts say". Radio Free Asia. Retrieved 2 November 2023.
  18. ^ a b c d "Myanmar Junta Leader Reshuffles Cabinet Days After Extending Emergency Rule". The Irrawaddy. 4 August 2023. Retrieved 5 August 2023.
  19. ^ a b c d e "State Administration Council Order No 6/2023" (PDF). The Global New Light of Myanmar. 1 February 2023. p. 6. Retrieved 8 February 2023.
  20. ^ a b c d "ပြည်ထောင်စုဝန်ကြီးတာဝန် ပြောင်းရွှေ့ခန့်အပ်ခြင်း".
  21. ^ "ပြည်ထောင်စုသမ္မတမြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော် နိုင်ငံတော်စီမံအုပ်ချုပ်ရေးကောင်စီ အမိန့်အမှတ် ၁၇၇ / ၂၀၂၁". Office of the Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services (in Burmese).
  22. ^ "formation of new union ministry". Office of the Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services (in Burmese).
  23. ^ "Reorganization of union ministries". Office of the Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services (in Burmese).
  24. ^ "appointment of new union minister". Office of the Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services (in Burmese).
  25. ^ a b "စစ်ကိုင်း၊ တနင်္သာရီနှင့် ဧရာဝတီ တိုင်းဒေသကြီး စီမံအုပ်ချုပ်ရေးကောင်စီ ဥက္ကဋ္ဌများအား တာဝန်မှ အနားယူခွင့်ပြုခဲ့ပြီး ပြည်ထောင်စု ဝန်ကြီးဌာနအချို့ကို ပြင်ဆင်ဖွဲ့စည်း". Eleven News (in Burmese).
  26. ^ "နိုင်ငံတော်စီမံအုပ်ချုပ်ရေးကောင်စီ စီမံခန့်ခွဲရေး ကော်မတီကို အိမ်စောင့်အစိုးရအဖွဲ့ အဖြစ် ပြင်ဆင်ဖွဲ့စည်း". Eleven News (in Burmese).
  27. ^ "ပြည်ထောင်စုဝန်ကြီးတာဝန်မှ အနားယူခွင့်ပြုခြင်း". Ministry of Information (in Burmese).
  28. ^ "ပြည်ထောင်စုသမ္မတမြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော် တပ်မတော်ကာကွယ်ရေးဦးစီးချုပ်ရုံး အမိန့်အမှတ် ( ၆ / ၂၀၂၁) ၁၃၈၂ ခုနှစ်၊ ပြာသိုလပြည့်ကျော် ၅ ရက် ၂၀၂၁ ခုနှစ် ဖေဖော်ဝါရီလ ၁ ရက် ပြည်ထောင်စုဝန်ကြီးများခန့်အပ်တာဝန်ပေးခြင်း" (in Burmese). 1 February 2021.
  29. ^ "ပြည်ထောင်စုသမ္မတမြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော် နိုင်ငံတော်စီမံအုပ်ချုပ်ရေးကောင်စီ အမိန့်အမှတ်(၉/၂၀၂၁) ၁၃၈၂ ခုနှစ်၊ ပြာသိုလပြည့်ကျော် ၆ ရက် ၂၀၂၁ ခုနှစ်၊ ဖေဖော်ဝါရီလ ၂ ရက် ပြည်ထောင်စုဝန်ကြီးများ ခန့်အပ်တာဝန်ပေးခြင်း" (in Burmese). 2 February 2021.
  30. ^ "ပြည်ထောင်စုသမ္မတမြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော် နိုင်ငံတော်စီမံအုပ်ချုပ်ရေးကောင်စီ အမိန့်အမှတ် (၂၅ / ၂၀၂၁)" (in Burmese). 4 February 2021.
  31. ^ "ဒုတိယ ဗိုလ်ချုပ်ကြီး ရာပြည့် အစိုးရအဖွဲ့ ရုံး ဝန်ကြီး ဖြစ်လာ" (in Burmese).
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Provisional Government of Myanmar
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