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Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw

Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw
ပြည်ထောင်စုလွှတ်တော် ကိုယ်စားပြုကော်မတီ
PredecessorSecond Pyidaungsu Hluttaw
Established5 February 2021; 3 years ago (2021-02-05)
TypeLegislature in exile
Location
Chairman
Aung Kyi Nyunt
Websitecrphmyanmar.org

The Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Burmese: ပြည်ထောင်စုလွှတ်တော် ကိုယ်စားပြုကော်မတီ; abbreviated CRPH) is a Burmese legislative body in exile, representing a group of National League for Democracy lawmakers and members of parliament ousted in the 2021 Myanmar coup d'état. The Committee consists of 17 members of the Pyithu Hluttaw and Amyotha Hluttaw.[1]

The Committee claims to carry out the duties of Myanmar's dissolved legislature, the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, and has formed a government in exile, the National Unity Government, in cooperation with several ethnic minority insurgent groups.

History

Representatives elected in the November 2020 elections have not officially recognized the legitimacy of the coup d'état. On 4 February 2021, around 70 MP-elects from the NLD took an oath of office in Naypyidaw, pledging to abide by the people's mandate, and to serve as lawmakers for their original five-year term.[2][3] The following day, 15 NLD politicians led by Phyu Phyu Thin, a Pyithu Hluttaw member representing Yangon's Mingala Taungnyunt Township,[4] formed the committee to conduct parliamentary affairs.[5][6] The committee held its first session on Zoom.[7]

On 7 February, CRPH condemned the military's efforts to overthrow a civilian-elected government as a "criminal act" in violation of Chapter 6 of the Myanmar Penal Code,[5][4] and dismissed the legitimacy of Myint Swe's Cabinet.[5] CRPH has also advised UN diplomats and the international community to work directly with the committee in relation to official government business.[5]

On 9 February, CRPH enacted the State Counsellor Law, extending the term of the State Counsellor of Myanmar for another five years, through 1 April 2026.[4] The same day, it issued a statement condemning the military's violent crackdown of the ongoing 2021 Myanmar protests, calling for the preservation of freedom of speech and its support of the civil disobedience movement.[8]

On 10 February, the committee announced the addition of two elected MPs from ethnic political parties, namely the Ta'ang National Party and the Kayah State Democratic Party.[9]

On February 15, the junta charged the 17 members of the CRPH with incitement under section 505b of the Penal Code, which carries a maximum sentence of two years in prison.[10]

On 22 February, the committee appointed Sasa as its special envoy to the United Nations[11] and Htin Linn Aung as special representative of its international relations office which opened in Maryland, United States of America.[12]

On 1 March, CRPH declared the State Administration Council (SAC) a terrorist group for its "atrocities and the act of terrorism" on the unarmed civilians.[13][14]

On 2 March, the committee appointed Zin Mar Aung, Lwin Ko Latt, Tin Tun Naing and Zaw Wai Soe as acting union ministers in its cabinet.[15] On 9 March[16] the committee appointed Mahn Win Khaing Than as Acting Vice-President of Myanmar[17]

The CRPH withdrew its designation of all ethnic armed organisations (EAOs) as terrorist groups.[18] The CRPH declared the abolishment of the 2008 Constitution and published a 20-page Charter for Federal Democracy on 2 April 2021.[19]

On 16 April 2021, the CRPH announced the formation of the National Unity Government, which includes ousted lawmakers, members of ethnic groups, and key figures in the anti-coup protest.[20]

In November 2021 and December 2023, the Inter-Parliamentary Union affirmed that the Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw is the legitimate interlocutor for Myanmar and its members are able to participate in the official business of the IPU as observers.[21]

Structure

Chair

The Chair, chosen by CRPH members following the CRPH Handbook, has a key role. They oversee CRPH meetings, similar to a Speaker, and keep an eye on CRPH's activities with the help of the Secretary Board.

Additionally, the Chair also acts as the Speaker of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, which is Myanmar's national legislative body. In this dual role, they lead elected representatives and play a crucial part in addressing the current crisis in Myanmar, both at home and abroad.[22]

Secretary Board

Name Position Political Party Remarks
Aung Kyi Nyunt Chair National League for Democracy (NLD)
Tun Myint Secretary National League for Democracy (NLD)
Phyu Phyu Thin Secretary National League for Democracy (NLD)
Mai Lamin Tun Secretary Ta'ang National Party (TNP)
Yee Mon @ Tin Thit Member National League for Democracy (NLD)
Zin Mar Aung
Lwin Ko Latt
Lama Naw Aung Kachin State People's Party (KSPP)
Zay Latt National League for Democracy (NLD)
Myo Naing
Myat Thida Htun
Nay Myo
Wai Phyo Aung
Win Naing
Saw Shar Phaung Awar
Zaw Min Thein
Okkar Min
Naing Htoo Aung
Robert Gnereh Kayah State Demoratic Party (KSDP)
Sithu Maung National League for Democracy (NLD)

Members

Name Constituency Political party Remarks
Phyu Phyu Thin Mingala Taungnyunt Township National League for Democracy (NLD) Member of Pyithu Hluttaw
Tin Thit Pobbathiri Township
Tun Myint Bahan Township
Naing Htoo Aung Natogyi Township
Wai Phyo Aung Thaketa Township
Zin Mar Aung Yankin Township
Lwin Ko Latt Thanlyin Township
Okkar Min Myeik Township
Win Naing Mogaung Township
Nay Myo Nyaungshwe Township
Zaw Min Thein Laymyethna Township
Myo Naing Chanayethazan Township
Sithu Maung Pabedan Township
Lamin Htun Namhsan Township Ta'ang National Party (TNP)
Lama Naw Aung N Jang Yan Township Kachin State People's Party (KSPP)
Zay Latt Bago Region No.7 National League for Democracy (NLD) Member of Amyotha Hluttaw
Myat Thida Htun Mon State No. 8
Saw Shar Phaung Awar Kayin State No. 4
Aung Kyi Nyunt Magway Region No.6
Robert Gnereh Kayah State No. 10 Kayah State Democratic Party (KySDP)

References

  1. ^ "NLD အမတ် ၁၅ ဦးပါ ပြည်ထောင်စုလွှတ်တော်ကိုယ်စားပြုကော်မတီဖွဲ့စည်း". VOA (in Burmese). 5 February 2021.
  2. ^ "ပြည်ထောင်စု လွှတ်တော်ကိုယ်စားပြု ကော်မတီကို ကိုယ်စားလှယ် ၁၅ ဦးဖြင့် ဖွဲ့စည်းလိုက်ကြောင်း NLD ပါတီ လွှတ်တော်ကိုယ်စားလှယ်များ ထုတ်ပြန်". Eleven Media Group Co., Ltd (in Burmese). Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  3. ^ "NLD lawmakers in Nay Pyi Taw defy military, take oath of office". Frontier Myanmar. 4 February 2021. Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  4. ^ a b c "ပြည်ထောင်စုလွှတ်တော်ကိုယ်စားပြုကော်မတီက အစိုးရဖွဲ့ဖို့ပြင်". BBC News မြန်မာ (in Burmese). Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  5. ^ a b c d "Amid Coup, Myanmar's NLD Lawmakers Form Committee to Serve as Legitimate Parliament". The Irrawaddy. 8 February 2021. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  6. ^ "Myanmar politicians defy coup, say they are true government". Associated Press. AP NEWS. 5 February 2021. Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  7. ^ "After a decade of change in Myanmar, fear of the past drives anti-coup protests". Reuters. 8 February 2021. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  8. ^ "ဆန္ဒပြသူများကို အကြမ်းဖက်မဖြိုခွင်းရန် ပြည်ထောင်စုလွှတ်တော်ကိုယ်စားပြုကော်မတီ ထုတ်ပြန်". The Voice Myanmar (in Burmese). Archived from the original on 27 July 2010. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  9. ^ "သတင်းထုတ်ပြန်ချက် အမှတ်( ၂ )". Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (in Burmese). 10 February 2021.
  10. ^ "Ousted MPs defy junta by appointing new government ministers". Myanmar NOW. 3 March 2021.
  11. ^ "Appointment of Special Envoy to United Nations". Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw. 23 February 2021.
  12. ^ "Appointment of Special Representative". Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw. 23 February 2021.
  13. ^ "မြန်မာစစ်ကောင်စီကို အကြမ်းဖက်အဖွဲ့အဖြစ် CRPH ကြေညာ". VOA (in Burmese).
  14. ^ "Declaration of Terrorist Group". Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw. 1 March 2021.
  15. ^ "Appointment of Acting Union Ministers". Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw. 2 March 2021.
  16. ^ "မန်းဝင်းခိုင်သန်းကို ဒုတိယသမ္မတအဖြစ် CRPH တင်မြှောက်". Radio Free Asia (in Burmese).
  17. ^
  18. ^ "Myanmar military, not EAOs, only terrorist organisation in Myanmar, CRPH says".
  19. ^ "The Shadow CRPH Government declares 2008 Constitution abolished and pledges a Charter for Federal Democracy". Burma News International. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  20. ^ "Opponents of Myanmar's junta set up national unity government". Reuters. 16 April 2021. Retrieved 16 April 2021.
  21. ^ https://crphmyanmar.org/[bare URL]
  22. ^ "Structure". ပြည်ထောင်စုသမ္မတမြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်. Retrieved 19 September 2023.
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Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw
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