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2018 Myanmar presidential election

2018 Myanmar presidential by-election

← 2016 28 March 2018 Next →
Nominee Win Myint Myint Swe Henry Van Thio
Electoral vote 403 211 18
Percentage 63.77% 33.39% 2.85%
Committee Pyithu Hluttaw Tatmadaw Amyotha Hluttaw

President before election

Myint Swe (acting)

Elected President

Win Myint

Vice Presidents before election

Myint Swe (First)
Henry Van Thio (Second)

Elected Vice Presidents

Myint Swe (First)
Henry Van Thio (Second)

An indirect presidential by-election was held in Myanmar on 28 March 2018, after the resignation of Htin Kyaw. Members of the Assembly of the Union voted for his replacement.

The election was the first by-election presidential election held under the 2008 constitution.

Win Myint was elected president.

Resignation of Htin Kyaw

President Htin Kyaw of the National League for Democracy party resigned on 21 March 2018, due to ill health. 1st Vice-President, Myint Swe, was sworn in as Acting President.[1]

Electoral system

Under the 2008 constitution, Myanmar has a President, and two Vice-Presidents. They are elected by the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, the national legislature.

The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw consists of two chambers, Pyithu Hluttaw, and Amyotha Hluttaw. Most seats are directly elected, but a quarter of the seats in both chambers are appointed by the Tatmadaw.

Chamber Type MPs
Pyithu Hluttaw Directly-elected 330
Military-appointed 110
Amyotha Hluttaw Directly-elected 168
Military-appointed 56

The Presidential Electoral College is made up of three committees:

  • The directly elected MPs from Pyithu Hluttaw (330).
  • The directly elected MPs from Amyotha Hluttaw (168).
  • The military appointees in both chambers (166).

Each committee nominates a single candidate. The whole Pyidaungsu Hluttaw then votes, with all three nominees on the ballot together and each of the 664 MPs being entitled to one vote. The vote is a secret ballot. The candidate that receives the highest number of votes is President, the candidate with the second highest number of votes is 1st Vice-President, and the remaining candidate is 2nd Vice-President. This system guarantees the military at least one Vice-President.

In the event of the resignation, death, permanent disability or otherwise vacant nature of the office of the President, the constitution calls for the 1st Vice-President to serve as Acting President. An election must be held within 21 days. The committee that nominated the candidate that subsequently was elected President nominates a replacement, and the other two Vice-Presidents are automatically candidates.[2]


Win Myint was nominated by the committee from Pyithu Hluttaw. He was a member of that house from the Tamwe Township. He was also the Speaker. Thaung Aye, a member of the Pyithu Hluttaw from the Pyawbwe Township, was nominated by the USDP.

The nomination election occurred on 23 March 2018.

Win MyintNational League for Democracy27391.00
Thaung AyeUnion Solidarity and Development Party279.00
Valid votes30098.68
Invalid/blank votes41.32
Total votes304100.00
Registered voters/turnout32394.12

Seven Pyithu Hluttaw seats were vacant.

Myint Swe (USDP) and Henry Van Thio (NLD) were the Vice-Presidents, and therefore became candidates.


The election was held on 28 March 2018.

Win MyintNational League for Democracy40363.77
Myint SweUnion Solidarity and Development Party21133.39
Henry Van ThioNational League for Democracy182.85
Valid votes63299.37
Invalid/blank votes40.63
Total votes636100.00
Registered voters/turnout65796.80
Source: Index Mundi[3]

Seven Pyithu Hluttaw seats were vacant.

Win Myint was sworn in as President of Myanmar on 30 March 2018.



  1. ^ "President Htin Kyaw resigns" (in Burmese).
  2. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar (2008)" (PDF). Retrieved 30 December 2021.
  3. ^ "Burma Executive branch - Government". Retrieved 22 December 2020..
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2018 Myanmar presidential election
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