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Office of the President of Myanmar

Office of the President of Myanmar
Ministry of the President's Office
နိုင်ငံတော်သမ္မတရုံး
Agency overview
TypeMinistry
JurisdictionGovernment of Myanmar
Headquarters
Minister responsible
  • Vacant
Websitewww.president-office.gov.mm

The Office of the President of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar (Burmese: ပြည်ထောင်စုသမ္မတမြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော် နိုင်ငံတော်သမ္မတရုံး) is a ministry-level body that serves the President of Myanmar. Since the 2021 Myanmar coup d'état, the position has remained vacant.

Currently, the Office of the President was renamed as Office of the State Administration Council Chairman[2][3][4] and led by permanent Secretary, Zaw Than Thin.

History

On 4 September 2012, the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw approved an expansion of the office from two ministries into six to improve efficiencies on ongoing peace processes, preparations for the 2013 Southeast Asian Games and Burma's hosting of the 2014 ASEAN Summit.[5] On 9 January 2013 Thein Sein appointed deputy Minister of Information Ye Htut as his office's first official spokesperson.[6] The responsibility had been previously handled by Zaw Htay, the office's director. The office has since been reduced to one ministry under President Htin Kyaw. After President Htin Kyaw, Win Myint served as the President of Myanmar.

From 2016 to 2021, the State Counsellor is Aung San Suu Kyi. She also served as Minister of Foreign Affairs. She played a vital role in Myanmar's transition from military junta to partial democracy in the 2010s and won the 2020 elections but on 1 February 2021, she was detained by the military during the 2021 Myanmar coup d'état.

After the coup, SAC renamed the office as the Office of the State Administration Council Chairman.[3]

List of ministers (2011–present)

No. Portrait Name Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
1(a) Thein Nyunt 30 March 2011 30 March 2016 5 years, 0 days Union Solidarity and Development Party
1(b) Soe Maung 30 March 2011 30 March 2016 5 years, 0 days Union Solidarity and Development Party
1(c) Soe Thein 27 August 2012 30 March 2016 3 years, 216 days Union Solidarity and Development Party
1(d) Aung Min 27 August 2012 30 March 2016 3 years, 216 days Union Solidarity and Development Party
1(e) Hla Tun 27 August 2012 30 March 2016 3 years, 216 days Union Solidarity and Development Party
1(f) Tin Naing Thein 27 August 2012 30 March 2016 3 years, 216 days Union Solidarity and Development Party
2 Aung San Suu Kyi 30 March 2016 1 February 2021 4 years, 308 days National League for Democracy

Presidential advisors (2011–2016)

Thein Sein has appointed several presidential advisory board during his term, including economics, legal, education, and religious affairs committees. A 9-member advisory board[7] was appointed on 19 April 2011, under Notification No. 1/2011.[8] On 18 June 2014, the team was expanded to include religious affairs advisors, led by Myint Maung and Sein Win Aung, a former ambassador who is the father-in-law of Thein Sein's daughter.[9][10][11]

As of 2014, the advisory teams and leaders included:

Departments

  • Union Minister Office
  • President Staff Office
  • Vice President (1) Staff Office
  • Vice President (2) Staff Office
  • Politics and Security Department
  • Economic Department
  • Social and Culture Department
  • Administration and Finance Department
  • Department of Houses
  • Department of Chief Security Officer
  • Research, Information and Complaints Department

Headquarters

The President and Vice Presidents seated at President Office located at Presidential Palace.The Ministry of President's Office which serve the President is located at Office No(18), Naypyitaw.The Ministry Office is co-opened with Ministry of Union Government Office.[1] A new Ministry Office is under construction near the Union Supreme Court.[13] Office No. 18 is the office building of the State Peace and Development Council and the Ministry of the Prime Minister's Office during the previous SPDC government.

References

  1. ^ a b "စစ်ဘက် အရာရှိဟောင်း ဦးမင်းသူ အစိုးရအဖွဲ့ရုံး ဝန်ကြီး ဖြစ်လာရန်ရှိ".
  2. ^ "State Administration Council Chairman Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services Senior General Min Aung Hlaing meets Council Members".
  3. ^ a b "Senior General Min Aung Hlaing's power struggle" (in Burmese).
  4. ^ "SAC Chairman Prime Minister Senior General Min Aung Hlaing receives President of the Republic of Tatarstan Mr Rustam Nurgaliyevich Minnikhanov".
  5. ^ Nyein Nyein (4 September 2012). "Four New Ministries Created in President's Office". The Irrawaddy. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  6. ^ "Burma President's Office Appoints First Spokesperson". The Irrawaddy. 9 January 2013. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  7. ^ "Myanmar president pledges to work for best of nation with advisory board". CCTV. 5 April 2011. Archived from the original on 7 July 2015. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  8. ^ "Notification No. 53/2013". Republic of the Union of Myanmar President Office. 7 August 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2015.[dead link]
  9. ^ Mathieson, David Scott (9 July 2014). "Burma: the Clash of Church, State, and Society". Human Rights Watch. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  10. ^ a b c "Notification (No. 40/2014)". Republic of the Union of Myanmar Union Government. 18 June 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2015.[dead link]
  11. ^ Kyaw Hsu Mon (19 June 2014). "Burmese President Appoints New Religious Advisors". The Irrawaddy. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  12. ^ a b c "Advisory Board". Alternative Asean Network on Burma. 9 September 2013. Archived from the original on 5 December 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  13. ^ "နိုင်ငံတော်သမ္မတရုံးဝန်ကြီးဌာနရုံး တည်ဆောက်ရန် ကျပ်ရှစ်ဘီလီယံကျော် ဘတ်ဂျက်တောင်း".
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Office of the President of Myanmar
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