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Soe Htut

Soe Htut
စိုးထွဋ်
Minister for Union Government Office 1
In office
2 August 2023 – 25 September 2023
PresidentWin Myint
Myint Swe (acting)
Prime MinisterMin Aung Hlaing
Preceded byKyaw Swe
Deputy Prime Minister of Myanmar
In office
1 February 2023 – 25 September 2023
PresidentMyint Swe (acting)
Prime MinisterMin Aung Hlaing
Minister for Home Affairs
In office
2 February 2021 – 11 May 2021
DeputyMajor General Soe Tint Naing
Preceded byMin Thu
Succeeded byLieutenant General Yar Pyae
Personal details
Born29 March 1961 (1961-03-29) (age 62)
Mandalay, Burma
NationalityMyanmar
SpouseNilar Sein
ChildrenMin Than Htut, Soe Min Htut, and Sithu Htut
ParentLun Maung
Alma materOfficers Training School, Bahtoo
Military service
Branch/serviceMyanmar Army
RankLieutenant General

Soe Htut (Burmese: စိုးထွဋ်; born 29 March 1961) is a Burmese military officer and former Minister for Home Affairs of Myanmar. Soe Htut is a career soldier, and currently holds the rank of Lieutenant General.[1]

Early life and education

Soe Htut was born to an army general, Brigadier General Lun Maung, and his wife Shwe Thet, in Mandalay, Burma (now Myanmar).[2] He graduated from the 64th intake of the Officers Training School, Bahtoo, and received a bachelor's degree in physics, and a master's degree in defence studies.[3][2]

Career

Soe Htut served as the commander of Division 88 in Magwe. He then became a regional commander in July 2010. He had served as the commander of Eastern Central Command. While he became a major general, he serving as the commander of Central Command in Mandalay, in July 2015. He also served as the commander of the 101st Light Infantry Division in Pakokku.

In 2016, he was appointed Judge Advocate-General and promoted to lieutenant general. Soon after, he became the Chief of Military Security Affairs. He was nominated as minister for Home Affairs by Myanmar's commander-in-chief, Min Aung Hlaing, and appointed in March 2020, replacing Lieutenant General Kyaw Swe.[3] According to analysts, Kyaw Swe's close relationship with Aung San Suu Kyi may have prompted the ministerial replacement.[3] Prior to this appointment, Soe Htut had been appointed as the head of Office of Military Security Affairs in 2016.[4]

On 30 March 2021, he was appointed as a member of the State Administration Council, the military junta formed following the 2021 Myanmar coup d'état.[5]

In August 2023, he was replaced by Yar Pyae as the minister for home affairs.[6]

Soe Htut was placed on medical leave after corruption allegations emerged in September 2023.[7] On 25 September, the military broadcaster Myawaddy TV announced he had returned to military duties, after being sacked from the State Administration Council.[8] On November 10, he was imprisoned for five years due to corruption by a military court.[9]

Controversies

In July 2020, Justice for Myanmar published an exposé revealing Soe Htut's conflicts of interest in several government contracts awarded in Pa’O Self-Administered Zone to H Double H, a construction and engineering firm owned by his three sons.[10] Soe Htut has also courted controversy for being part of a committee to investigate the 2020 Hpakant jade mine disaster, despite also being one of the largest individual shareholders of Myanma Economic Holdings Limited, a military corporation with significant jade mining interests.[11]

Personal life

Soe Htut is married to Nila Sein and has three sons, namely Min Than Htut, Soe Min Htut and Sithu Htut.[2][12]

References

  1. ^ "Myanmar Picks Military Intelligence Veteran as New Home Affairs Minister". Radio Free Asia. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  2. ^ a b c "စိုးထွဋ်ကိုယ်ရေးအကျဉ်း". Myanmar NOW (in Burmese). Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  3. ^ a b c "Who Is Myanmar's New Home Affairs Minister?". The Irrawaddy. 2020-02-10. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  4. ^ "Myanmar spy chief named home affairs minister". The Myanmar Times. 2020-02-06. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  5. ^ "Myanmar's State Administration Council: A Shell Entity?". FULCRUM. 2022-01-26. Retrieved 2023-09-26.
  6. ^ Irrawaddy, The (2023-08-04). "Myanmar Junta Leader Reshuffles Cabinet Days After Extending Emergency Rule". The Irrawaddy. Retrieved 2023-09-26.
  7. ^ "Myanmar junta chief sacks protégé over 'corruption'". Myanmar Now. 2023-09-21. Retrieved 2023-09-26.
  8. ^ "Two allies of Myanmar junta chief probed for corruption: source". The Star. Retrieved 2023-09-26.
  9. ^ Irrawaddy, The (2023-11-11). "Key Myanmar Junta Minister Jailed for Corruption". The Irrawaddy. Retrieved 2023-11-11.
  10. ^ "Dirty Secrets #1: Military construction contract awarded to Lt. Gen Soe Htut's family members". Justice for Myanmar. Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  11. ^ "Military conflict of interest corrupts Myanmar government's investigation of Hpakant jade mining disaster | Justice For Myanmar". Justice For Myanmar. Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  12. ^ "Restaurant Staff Detained After Myanmar Minister's Son Involved in Brawl". The Irrawaddy. 2021-06-09. Retrieved 2023-09-26.
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Soe Htut
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