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Lindian County

Lindian County
林甸县
Lin-tien
Lindian is located in Heilongjiang
Lindian
Lindian
Location in Heilongjiang
Coordinates: 47°06′N 124°59′E / 47.100°N 124.983°E / 47.100; 124.983
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHeilongjiang
Prefecture-level cityDaqing
Area
 • Total3,591 km2 (1,386 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total244,578
 • Density68/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)

Lindian (Chinese: 林甸; pinyin: Líndiàn) is a county of roughly 10,000 inhabitants[dubious ] under the jurisdiction of Daqing, Heilongjiang province, China. Lindian County is divided into five towns and three townships, among which, the town of Lindian serves as the political and transportation centre of the county.

Map including Lindian (labeled as 林甸 Lin-tien (walled)) (AMS, 1956)

Geographically, Lindian county is located form 124°18'E to 125°21'E and 46°44'N to 47°29'N with a total area of 3746 square kilometers including 1160 square kilometers cultivated land.

The county has a total and agricultural population of 260,000 and 198,000, respectively. Ninety nine percent of the total population is Han people and peoples of eleven other ethnic groups such as Mongolian, Hui, Manchu and Korean are living mixed with them. The natural growth rate of its population is below 0.41 percent.

Lying on the alluvial plain of Songhua-Nen rivers and with the Wuyuer River and Shuangyang River flowing across its land, Lindian County possesses 210 square kilometers of water surface and 2100 square kilometers of wetland. It covers part of Zhalong Nature Reserve, which is listed in the World Important Wetland Contents in 1992 by the United Nations, and also owns Xiaoheishan Natural Reserve. In the reserve regions are dwelling 13 different types of cranes including the rare red-crowned crane and 181 other water birds such as swans, wild goose, white storks and mandarin ducks.

Lindian is establishing its name for its rich geothermal resources. Beneath the entire country territory stores 180,000 million cubic meters of heat water with temperature ranging from forty degrees Celsius to ninety degrees Celsius. It is named the Town of Hot Springs of China in September 2004 by China Mining Association.

The County also enjoys a good public infrastructure. There are national highways, independent electrical supplies, fiber and cable networks, and financial and commercial services among other facilities.

As for the Town of Lindian, the total area is 148 square kilometers and the total population is 52,378 (see the note below).

Administrative divisions

Lindian County is divided into 5 towns and 3 townships.[1]

5 towns
  • Lindian (林甸镇), Hongqi (红旗镇), Huayuan (花园镇), Sijiqing (四季青镇), Heminghu (鹤鸣湖镇)
3 townships
  • Dongxing (东兴乡), Hongwei (宏伟乡), Sihe (四合乡)

Climate

Climate data for Lindian (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −1.5
(29.3)
8.8
(47.8)
20.6
(69.1)
31.3
(88.3)
35.8
(96.4)
39.7
(103.5)
38.4
(101.1)
36.3
(97.3)
33.7
(92.7)
26.4
(79.5)
15.3
(59.5)
6.9
(44.4)
39.7
(103.5)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) −13.1
(8.4)
−7.1
(19.2)
2.3
(36.1)
13.2
(55.8)
21.4
(70.5)
26.6
(79.9)
28.4
(83.1)
26.4
(79.5)
21.0
(69.8)
11.5
(52.7)
−1.4
(29.5)
−11.4
(11.5)
9.8
(49.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −18.6
(−1.5)
−13.5
(7.7)
−3.8
(25.2)
6.9
(44.4)
15.3
(59.5)
21.1
(70.0)
23.6
(74.5)
21.4
(70.5)
15.1
(59.2)
5.7
(42.3)
−6.6
(20.1)
−16.4
(2.5)
4.2
(39.5)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −23.1
(−9.6)
−19.2
(−2.6)
−9.7
(14.5)
0.6
(33.1)
8.8
(47.8)
15.5
(59.9)
18.9
(66.0)
16.8
(62.2)
9.7
(49.5)
0.6
(33.1)
−10.9
(12.4)
−20.5
(−4.9)
−1.0
(30.1)
Record low °C (°F) −37.6
(−35.7)
−35.2
(−31.4)
−26.1
(−15.0)
−11.6
(11.1)
−4.3
(24.3)
2.8
(37.0)
8.1
(46.6)
6.6
(43.9)
−4.4
(24.1)
−16.5
(2.3)
−27.3
(−17.1)
−33.8
(−28.8)
−37.6
(−35.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2.5
(0.10)
2.9
(0.11)
6.9
(0.27)
20.0
(0.79)
33.7
(1.33)
81.8
(3.22)
136.2
(5.36)
97.9
(3.85)
49.0
(1.93)
19.0
(0.75)
4.7
(0.19)
4.7
(0.19)
459.3
(18.09)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 4.1 2.6 4.1 5.4 8.6 12.2 12.9 11.9 8.4 5.1 4.1 5.2 84.6
Average snowy days 6.0 4.1 5.9 2.7 0.2 0 0 0 0.1 1.9 5.7 7.1 33.7
Average relative humidity (%) 70 63 50 46 48 61 72 75 65 58 62 70 62
Mean monthly sunshine hours 173.4 198.6 243.5 235.6 255.3 248.0 244.0 240.3 237.6 205.5 167.8 153.0 2,602.6
Percent possible sunshine 62 68 66 58 55 52 51 55 64 62 61 58 59
Source: China Meteorological Administration[2][3]

References

  1. ^ "国家统计局" (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2021-12-07.
  2. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 12 August 2023.
  3. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 12 August 2023.
  • The source of the facts mentioned above is the official website of Lindian County [1], except for the total population of the Town of Lindian, which is sourced from the Fifth National Census on Chinese Population taken in 2000 and is supposed to be smaller than present figures.
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Lindian County
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