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Fuyuan, Heilongjiang

Fuyuan
抚远市
An evening view of Fuyuan
An evening view of Fuyuan
Fuyuan in Jiamusi
Fuyuan in Jiamusi
Fuyuan is located in Heilongjiang
Fuyuan
Fuyuan
Location in Heilongjiang
Fuyuan is located in China
Fuyuan
Fuyuan
Fuyuan (China)
Coordinates: 48°21′53″N 134°18′28″E / 48.3647°N 134.3079°E / 48.3647; 134.3079
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHeilongjiang
Prefecture-level cityJiamusi
Area
 • Total6,260 km2 (2,420 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total126,694
 • Density20/km2 (52/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)

Fuyuan (simplified Chinese: 抚远市; traditional Chinese: 撫遠市; pinyin: Fǔyuǎn Shì; Russian: Фуюань) is a county-level city of the province of Heilongjiang, China. It is under the jurisdiction of the prefecture-level city of Jiamusi.

Geography

Khabarovsk (1950)

Fuyuan is located in the lowlands at the confluence of the Heilongjiang (Amur) River and Wusuli (Ussuri) Rivers. The city seat, Fuyuan Town, sits on the southern bank of the Amur. On the opposite side of the river is Russia's Jewish Autonomous Region.

Fuyuan is China's easternmost county-level division. Its northern and eastern borders, running along the Heilongjiang (Amur) and Wusuli (Ussuri) Rivers, are also parts of China's international border with Russia. The Bolshoy Ussuriysky Island (Heixiazi Island), partitioned between the two countries by the treaty of 2004, is in the city's northeastern corner, the mid-island border line running about 25 km (16 mi) east of Fuyuan Town. Khabarovsk is about 50 km (31 mi) east of Fuyuan Town 65 km (40 mi), by river.[1]).

The city is a major grain producer.[1]

Administrative divisions

Fuyuan City is divided into 5 towns and 5 townships.[2]

5 towns
  • Fuyuan (抚远镇), Hanconggou (寒葱沟镇), Nongqiao (浓桥镇), Wusu (乌苏镇), Heixiazidao (黑瞎子岛镇)
5 townships
  • Tongjiang (通江乡), Nongjiang (浓江乡), Haiqing (海青乡), Beilahong (别拉洪乡), Yanan (鸭南乡)

Demographics

Zhengyang Street, the main street of Fuyuan city center

The population of the city was 110,000 in 2010.[3]

Climate

Fuyuan has a humid continental climate (Köppen: Dwa) bordering on Dwb, with long, cold winters, but also dry, although less extreme than more inland locations of Heilongjiang.

Climate data for Fuyuan (1991–2017 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −0.7
(30.7)
4.5
(40.1)
16.6
(61.9)
26.1
(79.0)
31.8
(89.2)
33.5
(92.3)
36.6
(97.9)
35.5
(95.9)
29.3
(84.7)
24.9
(76.8)
13.3
(55.9)
1.2
(34.2)
36.6
(97.9)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) −15.2
(4.6)
−10.1
(13.8)
−1.3
(29.7)
9.8
(49.6)
18.6
(65.5)
23.8
(74.8)
26.5
(79.7)
24.9
(76.8)
19.4
(66.9)
10.1
(50.2)
−3.1
(26.4)
−13.7
(7.3)
7.5
(45.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −19.2
(−2.6)
−14.7
(5.5)
−5.7
(21.7)
5.1
(41.2)
13.5
(56.3)
19.2
(66.6)
22.3
(72.1)
21.0
(69.8)
15.0
(59.0)
5.8
(42.4)
−6.7
(19.9)
−17.2
(1.0)
3.2
(37.7)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −23.3
(−9.9)
−19.8
(−3.6)
−10.8
(12.6)
0.6
(33.1)
8.7
(47.7)
14.8
(58.6)
18.5
(65.3)
17.4
(63.3)
11.0
(51.8)
1.9
(35.4)
−10.0
(14.0)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−1.0
(30.3)
Record low °C (°F) −42.4
(−44.3)
−33.9
(−29.0)
−29.0
(−20.2)
−11.5
(11.3)
−1.6
(29.1)
5.4
(41.7)
9.6
(49.3)
9.8
(49.6)
−1.0
(30.2)
−11.6
(11.1)
−27.5
(−17.5)
−42.3
(−44.1)
−42.4
(−44.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 9.0
(0.35)
8.2
(0.32)
19.3
(0.76)
32.3
(1.27)
64.8
(2.55)
72.2
(2.84)
131.5
(5.18)
131.7
(5.19)
78.3
(3.08)
38.2
(1.50)
19.6
(0.77)
12.1
(0.48)
617.2
(24.29)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.6 5.9 6.6 9.4 12.4 12.9 13.0 13.6 11.4 8.9 8.1 8.8 118.6
Average snowy days 10.8 7.8 9.3 6.3 0.2 0 0 0 0.1 2.8 10.1 11.4 58.8
Average relative humidity (%) 70 65 60 58 62 71 76 78 71 61 65 70 67
Mean monthly sunshine hours 156.1 187.9 232.8 206.2 223.7 219.8 212.7 203.5 201.3 172.2 144.2 137.3 2,297.7
Percent possible sunshine 57 65 63 50 47 46 44 46 54 52 53 53 53
Source: China Meteorological Administration[4][5]

Transportation

There is a railway station in Fuyuan, the railway having reached the city center only in 2011.[1] As of late 2013, schedule systems list one passenger train a day serving Fuyuan; it comes from Harbin via Jiamusi, covering 973 km (605 mi) in 17.5 hours.[6]

Fuyuan has port facilities on the Amur River as well.[7]

Fuyuan Dongji Airport opened in 2014.

Sport

Fuyuan is one of the cities in which China Bandy Federation explores the potential for bandy development.[1]

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b c Railway extended to China's easternmost county, bolstering Sino-Russia trade, 2011-12-06
  2. ^ "国家统计局" (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2021-12-07.
  3. ^ (in English) National Population Statistics Materials by County and City - 1999 Period, in China County & City Population 1999, Harvard China Historical GIS
  4. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 5 July 2023.
  5. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 5 July 2023.
  6. ^ Train schedule for Fuyuan (in Chinese)
  7. ^ "Heilongjiang Fuyuan Port". Archived from the original on 2013-12-24. Retrieved 2013-12-22.
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Fuyuan, Heilongjiang
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