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Zhaodong

Zhaodong
肇东市
Zhaodong is located in Heilongjiang
Zhaodong
Zhaodong
Location in Heilongjiang
Coordinates: 46°03′04″N 125°57′43″E / 46.051°N 125.962°E / 46.051; 125.962
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHeilongjiang
Prefecture-level citySuihua
Area
 • Total4,331.96 km2 (1,672.58 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total859,001
 • Density200/km2 (510/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
151100
Area code0455
ClimateDwa
WebsiteWebsite

Zhaodong (simplified Chinese: 肇东; traditional Chinese: 肇東; pinyin: Zhàodōng) is a city of more than 100,000 inhabitants in southwestern Heilongjiang province, China. It is the southernmost county-level division of the prefecture-level city of Suihua, the center of which is located around 100 kilometres (62 mi) to the northeast and around 60 kilometres (37 mi) northwest of Harbin, the provincial capital.

Administrative divisions

Zhaodong City is divided into 4 subdistricts, 12 towns and 9 townships.[2]

4 subdistricts
  • Chaoyang (朝阳区街道), Dongsheng (东升区街道), Xiyuanqu (西园区街道), Zhengyangqu (豆沙镇)
12 towns
  • Zhaodong (肇东镇), Changwu (昌五镇), Songzhan (宋站镇), Wuzhan (五站镇), Shangjia (尚家镇), Jiangjia (姜家镇), Limudian (里木店镇), Sizhan (四站镇), Laozhou (涝洲镇), Wuliming (五里明镇), Liming (黎明镇), Xibali (西八里镇)
9 townships
  • Taiping (太平乡), Haicheng (海城乡), Xiangyang (向阳乡), Honghe (洪河乡), Yuejin (跃进乡), Dechang (德昌乡), Xuanhua (宣化乡), Anmin (安民乡), Mingjiu (明久乡)

Climate

Climate data for Zhaodong (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 1.4
(34.5)
10.0
(50.0)
21.8
(71.2)
30.0
(86.0)
34.6
(94.3)
39.1
(102.4)
37.1
(98.8)
36.9
(98.4)
32.1
(89.8)
26.6
(79.9)
16.5
(61.7)
8.0
(46.4)
39.1
(102.4)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) −12.2
(10.0)
−6.1
(21.0)
3.2
(37.8)
13.9
(57.0)
21.8
(71.2)
26.6
(79.9)
28.2
(82.8)
26.7
(80.1)
21.6
(70.9)
12.5
(54.5)
−0.3
(31.5)
−10.2
(13.6)
10.5
(50.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −18.3
(−0.9)
−12.9
(8.8)
−3.1
(26.4)
7.4
(45.3)
15.5
(59.9)
21.1
(70.0)
23.5
(74.3)
21.6
(70.9)
15.4
(59.7)
6.2
(43.2)
−5.7
(21.7)
−15.7
(3.7)
4.6
(40.3)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −23.7
(−10.7)
−19.1
(−2.4)
−9.3
(15.3)
0.8
(33.4)
8.9
(48.0)
15.5
(59.9)
18.9
(66.0)
16.9
(62.4)
9.5
(49.1)
0.6
(33.1)
−10.6
(12.9)
−20.7
(−5.3)
−1.0
(30.1)
Record low °C (°F) −37.7
(−35.9)
−36.0
(−32.8)
−27.7
(−17.9)
−12.3
(9.9)
−3.5
(25.7)
3.9
(39.0)
8.2
(46.8)
7.0
(44.6)
−4.0
(24.8)
−15.6
(3.9)
−27.0
(−16.6)
−35.9
(−32.6)
−37.7
(−35.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2.7
(0.11)
3.1
(0.12)
8.4
(0.33)
15.8
(0.62)
46.3
(1.82)
100.1
(3.94)
140.9
(5.55)
103.4
(4.07)
52.0
(2.05)
18.0
(0.71)
7.9
(0.31)
5.4
(0.21)
504
(19.84)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 4.1 3.0 4.3 5.8 10.3 13.0 13.8 12.3 8.7 5.6 4.5 5.4 90.8
Average snowy days 5.5 3.9 5.3 2.0 0 0 0 0 0 1.6 5.3 7.1 30.7
Average relative humidity (%) 70 64 54 48 52 65 78 79 70 63 65 71 65
Mean monthly sunshine hours 174.8 201.0 238.5 231.2 252.6 252.4 237.0 228.7 232.4 203.5 161.4 154.2 2,567.7
Percent possible sunshine 62 68 64 57 54 54 50 53 63 61 58 58 59
Source: China Meteorological Administration[3][4]

Zhaodong massacre

Zhaodong massacre
LocationZhaodong, Heilongjiang
DateNovember 18, 1995
Targetcivilians, police officers
Attack type
Mass shooting, Mass murder, Murder-suicide
Weapons
Deaths34 (including both perpetrators)
Injured16
PerpetratorsFeng Wanhai and Jiang Liming

On the night of November 18, 1995, a mass shooting occurred in Zhaodong, Heilongjiang. Two suspects, 26-year-old Feng Wanhai and 22-year-old Jiang Liming, armed with a double-barreled shotgun and a small-bore rifle, opened fire at 48 people, killing 32 people and wounding 16 others. 37 families were affected by the incident.

Sizhan Town (四站镇) residents Xiao Hongwei (肖洪伟) and Bai Huichen (白会臣) and their family members (seven people in total) were all killed. The suspects also stole a Type 77 pistol and four Beijing Jeeps. They first drove through Sizhan and opened fire before speeding off to Wuliming Town (五里明镇), located about 30 km northeast of Sizhan. Later, they drove to Xibali Village (西八里乡), located 12 km west of Sizhan, in search of people or "targets", but did not find any. They then drove towards Dechang Village (德昌乡), located north of Sizhan, and stopped at a "Tiancai Stop" (甜菜站) along the way looking for people but being unable to find anyone. In order to "do something on a large-scale and let the whole world know" (as described by Jiang, one of the suspects), the two suspects drove around the towns and villages surrounding Sizhan searching for their next "targets".

The incident came to the attention of all levels in the Chinese government and security agencies. In Heilongjiang, Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee Yue Qifeng (岳岐峰), Provincial Governor Tian Fengshan (田凤山), Vice Provincial Governor Yang Zhihai (杨志海), and others, made serious comments about the incident.

The Assistant to the Provincial Governor, the Deputy Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee, and Head of Public Security Department Xu Yandong (徐衍东) urged the Suihua Administrative Office and the Zhaodong Public Security Department to arrest the suspects at all costs. Deputy Head of Public Security Department Chen Yongcai (陈永才), Head of Criminal Investigation Department Sun Bangnan (孙邦男), Deputy Head of Criminal Investigation Department Yan Zizhong (闫子忠), and Head of Criminal Technology Department Che Deren (车德仁) led 16 others to the scene to investigate the case. Security agencies all around the country responded quickly and deployed their forces to assist in arresting the suspects.

Later that night, at 9:40 pm, Feng Wanhai (冯万海, 26, a farmer from Dongxing Village (东兴村) in Sizhan Town), was shot dead by security forces. Jiang Liming (姜立明, 22, a pharmacy operator from Sizhan Town), was injured and eventually committed suicide by shooting himself after being cornered. It is one of the deadliest rampage killings in modern history and the deadliest mass shooting in Chinese history.[5]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ 全国各县市区人口排名 www.hongheiku.com (in Chinese). hongheiku. Retrieved 2022-01-05.
  2. ^ "国家统计局" (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2021-12-07.
  3. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 5 July 2023.
  4. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 5 July 2023.
  5. ^ 1995年 黑龙江肇东市四站镇11.18特大持枪杀人案(冯万海 姜立明. Archived from the original on 2013-03-13. (Archive.org)
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Zhaodong
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