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Keshan County

Keshan County
克山县
Keshan in Qiqihar
Keshan in Qiqihar
Qiqihar in Heilongjiang
Qiqihar in Heilongjiang
Coordinates: 48°02′13″N 125°52′34″E / 48.037°N 125.876°E / 48.037; 125.876
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHeilongjiang
Prefecture-level cityQiqihar
Township-level divisions2 towns
9 townships
County seatKeshan (克山镇)
Area
 • Total3,632 km2 (1,402 sq mi)
Elevation
223 m (732 ft)
Population
 • Total460,000
 • Density130/km2 (330/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
161610

Keshan (Chinese: 克山; pinyin: Kèshān) is a county in western Heilongjiang province, China, about 100 km (62 mi) northeast of Qiqihar, which administers it. It is named from a city-shaped extinct volcano, which has a name of Erkeshan in its territory. Its total area is 3,632 square kilometres (1,402 sq mi), with a population of 460,000.[when?] Post Code: 161610. The seat of Keshan County is located in Keshan Town.

Geography and climate

Map including Keshan (labeled as 克山 K'O-SHAN) (AMS, 1951)

Keshan has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa/Dwb), with long, bitterly cold, but dry winters, and humid, very warm summers. The monthly daily mean temperature in January, the coldest month, is −21.4 °C (−6.5 °F), and July, the warmest month, averages 22.0 °C (71.6 °F), with an average annual temperature +2.27 °C (36.1 °F). A majority of the annual precipitation falls in July and August alone. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 54% in July to 71% in February, sunshine is abundant and the area receives 2,710 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Keshan (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1971–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −0.7
(30.7)
7.2
(45.0)
19.8
(67.6)
28.4
(83.1)
34.8
(94.6)
38.7
(101.7)
37.1
(98.8)
35.5
(95.9)
33.4
(92.1)
25.7
(78.3)
13.3
(55.9)
3.5
(38.3)
38.7
(101.7)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) −15.8
(3.6)
−9.8
(14.4)
0.2
(32.4)
11.7
(53.1)
20.3
(68.5)
25.6
(78.1)
27.3
(81.1)
25.3
(77.5)
19.8
(67.6)
10.1
(50.2)
−3.5
(25.7)
−14.1
(6.6)
8.1
(46.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −21.0
(−5.8)
−16.0
(3.2)
−5.6
(21.9)
5.7
(42.3)
14.1
(57.4)
20.0
(68.0)
22.4
(72.3)
20.2
(68.4)
13.8
(56.8)
4.3
(39.7)
−8.5
(16.7)
−18.8
(−1.8)
2.5
(36.6)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −25.6
(−14.1)
−21.6
(−6.9)
−11.4
(11.5)
−0.3
(31.5)
7.7
(45.9)
14.3
(57.7)
17.8
(64.0)
15.6
(60.1)
8.3
(46.9)
−0.6
(30.9)
−12.8
(9.0)
−23.0
(−9.4)
−2.6
(27.3)
Record low °C (°F) −42.4
(−44.3)
−37.8
(−36.0)
−30.0
(−22.0)
−15.0
(5.0)
−7.3
(18.9)
1.5
(34.7)
8.4
(47.1)
4.5
(40.1)
−6.1
(21.0)
−18.5
(−1.3)
−31.1
(−24.0)
−37.5
(−35.5)
−42.4
(−44.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3.4
(0.13)
3.3
(0.13)
6.6
(0.26)
21.1
(0.83)
37.5
(1.48)
96.3
(3.79)
156.7
(6.17)
118.8
(4.68)
60.7
(2.39)
20.0
(0.79)
7.8
(0.31)
5.6
(0.22)
537.8
(21.18)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 5.0 3.4 4.2 6.2 9.8 13.3 13.6 13.0 9.6 6.2 5.5 6.5 96.3
Average snowy days 8.1 5.8 6.9 4.4 0.2 0 0 0 0.1 2.9 8.3 9.4 46.1
Average relative humidity (%) 72 68 57 49 50 63 75 77 67 60 66 73 65
Mean monthly sunshine hours 168.2 202.0 247.6 235.5 252.2 249.0 241.8 236.5 231.6 204.0 170.0 150.2 2,588.6
Percent possible sunshine 61 69 67 57 54 52 50 54 62 62 62 58 59
Source 1: China Meteorological Administration[1][2]
Source 2: Weather China[3]

Administrative divisions

There are seven towns and eight townships in the county:[4][5]

Towns:

  • Keshan (克山镇), Beixing (北兴镇), Xicheng (西城镇), Gucheng (古城镇), Beilian (北联镇), Xihe (西河镇), Shuanghe (双河镇)

Townships:

  • Henan Township (河南乡), Hebei Township (河北乡), Gubei Township (古北乡), Xilian Township (西联乡), Fazhan Township (发展乡), Xijian Township (西建乡), Xianghua Township (向华乡), Shuguang Township (曙光乡)

References

  1. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 5 July 2023.
  2. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 5 July 2023.
  3. ^ 克山 - 气象数据 -中国天气网 (in Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 28 November 2022.
  4. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:克山县 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-02-16.
  5. ^ "国家统计局 2019" (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2021-12-07.
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Keshan County
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