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Fangzheng County

Fangzheng County
方正县
Location of Fangzheng in Harbin
Location of Fangzheng in Harbin
Harbin in Heilongjiang
Harbin in Heilongjiang
Coordinates: 45°50′31″N 128°50′10″E / 45.842°N 128.836°E / 45.842; 128.836[1]
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHeilongjiang
Sub-provincial cityHarbin
Area
 • Total2,968.6 km2 (1,146.2 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)[3]
 • Total203,853
 • Density69/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
1508XX
Area code0451
Websitehrbfz.gov.cn

Fangzheng County (simplified Chinese: 方正县; traditional Chinese: 方正縣; pinyin: Fāngzhèng Xiàn) is a county of Heilongjiang Province, Northeast China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang. It borders Tonghe County to the north, Yilan County to the northeast, Yanshou County to the south, Bin County to the west, and Mulan County to the northwest, as well as the prefecture-level city of Mudanjiang to the northwest.

Administrative divisions

Fangzheng County is divided into 4 towns and 4 townships.[4]

4 towns
  • Fangzheng (方正镇), Huifa (会发镇), Daluomi (大罗密镇), Demoli (得莫利镇)
4 townships
  • Tianmen (天门乡), Songnan (松南乡), Deshan (德善乡), Baoxing (宝兴乡)

Demographics

The population of the district was 230,000.[5]

There are many descendants of Japanese settlers in Manchukuo.[6]

Climate

Climate data for Fangzheng (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 2.6
(36.7)
8.6
(47.5)
19.3
(66.7)
29.8
(85.6)
34.2
(93.6)
36.4
(97.5)
36.5
(97.7)
36.8
(98.2)
30.7
(87.3)
27.0
(80.6)
17.7
(63.9)
5.9
(42.6)
36.8
(98.2)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) −12.4
(9.7)
−6.5
(20.3)
2.5
(36.5)
13.3
(55.9)
20.8
(69.4)
25.6
(78.1)
27.8
(82.0)
26.3
(79.3)
21.3
(70.3)
12.1
(53.8)
−0.5
(31.1)
−10.6
(12.9)
10.0
(49.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −18.3
(−0.9)
−13.3
(8.1)
−3.6
(25.5)
6.6
(43.9)
14.3
(57.7)
19.9
(67.8)
22.8
(73.0)
21.0
(69.8)
14.7
(58.5)
5.9
(42.6)
−5.5
(22.1)
−15.7
(3.7)
4.1
(39.3)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −23.4
(−10.1)
−19.3
(−2.7)
−9.3
(15.3)
0.9
(33.6)
8.5
(47.3)
15.1
(59.2)
18.6
(65.5)
16.8
(62.2)
9.3
(48.7)
0.9
(33.6)
−9.8
(14.4)
−20.1
(−4.2)
−1.0
(30.2)
Record low °C (°F) −38.6
(−37.5)
−35.0
(−31.0)
−29.3
(−20.7)
−11.0
(12.2)
−4.2
(24.4)
4.9
(40.8)
11.7
(53.1)
7.5
(45.5)
−3.2
(26.2)
−16.3
(2.7)
−27.7
(−17.9)
−35.0
(−31.0)
−38.6
(−37.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 6.7
(0.26)
6.2
(0.24)
15.1
(0.59)
26.7
(1.05)
67.0
(2.64)
92.5
(3.64)
140.8
(5.54)
132.6
(5.22)
62.2
(2.45)
37.8
(1.49)
18.6
(0.73)
11.3
(0.44)
617.5
(24.29)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.6 5.3 7.7 8.5 12.6 14.5 14.0 13.7 10.1 8.7 7.9 9.3 119.9
Average snowy days 10.5 7.3 9.8 3.2 0.1 0 0 0 0 3.2 9.4 12.4 55.9
Average relative humidity (%) 73 68 63 60 65 74 81 83 78 69 69 73 71
Mean monthly sunshine hours 137.8 170.2 215.3 209.9 227.6 232.7 221.1 207.3 209.5 167.3 131.0 118.2 2,247.9
Percent possible sunshine 49 58 58 52 49 50 47 48 56 50 47 44 51
Source: China Meteorological Administration[7][8]

Notes and references

  1. ^ Google (2014-07-02). "Fangzheng" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2014-07-02.
  2. ^ Harbin Statistical Yearbook 2011 (《哈尔滨统计年鉴2011》). Accessed 8 July 2014.
  3. ^ 2010 Census Harbin primary statistics report (《哈尔滨市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报》). Accessed 8 July 2014.
  4. ^ "国家统计局 2019" (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2021-12-07.
  5. ^ "Profile of Fangzheng County" (in Chinese). Official website of Fangzheng County Government. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2011-08-04.
  6. ^ Kan, Karoline (15 May 2018). "A Chinese Town's Deep Bonds with Japan Bring Wealth and Hatred". The New York Times.
  7. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 5 July 2023.
  8. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 5 July 2023.


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Fangzheng County
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