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Ministry of Education (Myanmar)

Ministry of Education
Government overview
  • 1866 (as Educational Department)[1]
  • 1921 (as Ministry of Education)[2]
Jurisdiction Myanmar
HeadquartersNaypyidaw, Myanmar
19°48′02″N 96°07′11″E / 19.800635°N 96.119792°E / 19.800635; 96.119792
Minister responsible
Child agencies
  • Department of Higher Education
  • Department of Basic Education
  • Department of Human Resources and Educational Planning
  • Department of Teachers Education and Training
  • Department of Myanmar Educational Research
  • Department of Myanmar Nationalities’ Languages
  • Department of Myanmar Examinations

The Ministry of Education (Burmese: ပညာရေးဝန်ကြီးဌာန, Burmese pronunciation: [pjìɲàjé wʊ̀ɰ̃dʑí tʰàna]; abbreviated MOE) is the Myanmar government agency responsible for education in Myanmar.

Brief History

The Ministry of Education aims to nurture future oriented advanced science and technology professionals, support national economic development and promote research.[3] In order to rectify and strengthen the purposes, Ministry of Education expanded into new Ministry of Science and Technology in 1996. This ministry focused on research and development, intellectual property, standardization, quality assuring, basic infrastructure development, nuclear safety and human resource development. In 2016, the five departments from Ministry of Science and Technology merged with Ministry of Education with the aim of forming momentum in national development. Currently, Ministry of Education is taking control in national development with four categories.

  1. Research and development category
  2. Human resource development category
  3. Foreign collaboration and co-operation category
  4. Rural development category

On 17 June, 2021, the State Administration Council reformed the Ministry of Education as the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Science and Technology.[4]

Departmental bodies

Department of Basic Education No. 3,the Rangoon College (Kyimyindine campus) until 1996
Assembly building of DBE 3
  • The Minister's Office
  • Department of Higher Education
  • Department of Teacher Training
  • Department of Human Resources and Educational Planning
  • Department of Basic Education
  • Myanmar Language Commission
  • Department of Myanmar Examinations
  • Department of Myanmar Education Research Bureau (MERB)

There are seven departments under the Ministry of Education:

  1. Administration staff
  2. Department of Higher Education
  3. Department of Basic Education
  4. Department of Myanmar Language Commission
  5. Department of Myanmar Board of Examinations
  6. Myanmar Educational Research Bureau (MERB)

The Office Staff of the Ministry of Education is responsible to the Deputy Ministers and the Minister. They supervise the implementation of educational programmes, set the educational policies, are responsible for fiscal planning within the ministry and department personnel and administration of the ministry.

List of ministers


  1. ^ "ပညာရေးဝန်ကြီးဌာန မြန်မာ့ပညာရေးသမိုင်း".
  2. ^ "နောက်ခံသမိုင်းအကျဉ်း".
  3. ^ "Background History". Ministry of Education. 1 March 2016. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  4. ^ "Order No 138/2021, State Administration Council, Republic of the Union of Myanmar" (PDF). The Global New Light of Myanmar. MNA. 18 June 2021. p. 3. Retrieved 2 August 2021.
  5. ^ p. 164. Ethnic Myanmar Muslim Authors and Famous persons Part 2 by Professor Dr. Aung Zaw. Publisher Islamic Council of Myanmar Headquarters Yangon. 2010
  6. ^ p. 129 Ethnic Myanmar Muslim Authors and Famous persons Part 2 by Professor Dr. Aung Zaw. Publisher Islamic Council of Myanmar Head quarters Yangon. 2010
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Ministry of Education (Myanmar)
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