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Division of North Sydney

North Sydney
Australian House of Representatives Division
Division of North Sydney in New South Wales, as of the 2016 federal election
Created1901
MPKylea Tink
Party Independent
NamesakeNorth Sydney
Electors117,710 (2022)
Area53 km2 (20.5 sq mi)
DemographicInner metropolitan

The Division of North Sydney is an Australian electoral division in the state of New South Wales.

History

The suburb of North Sydney, the division's namesake

It was proclaimed in 1900 and was one of the original 75 divisions contested at the first federal election. It originally stretched as far as the Northern Beaches, though much of that area became Warringah in 1922.

Second only to the nearby Division of Wentworth, the Division of North Sydney has the nation's second-highest proportion (56.4%) of high-income families.[1] As with all North Shore seats, it has usually been a comfortably safe seat for the Liberal Party of Australia and its predecessors. Labor has usually run dead in the seat, though it came within 3.1 percent of winning it in the 1943 election landslide. While Labor managed to make the seat marginal on several occasions over the next two decades, it last came reasonably close to winning the seat in 1961.

North Sydney and Wentworth are the only two federation divisions in New South Wales to have never been held by Labor. The Liberal hold on the seat was broken in 1990 by "father of the independents" Ted Mack, who had represented much of the area in state parliament from 1981 to 1988. He held the seat for two terms before retiring at the 1996 election, after two terms, for the same reason he previously chose to resign from state parliament after two terms − to avoid receiving a parliamentary pension.[2]

However, during Mack's tenure, North Sydney was always on the stronger side of fairly safe for the Liberals in "traditional" two-party-preferred match-ups with Labor, and it was a foregone conclusion that it would revert to the Liberals once Mack retired. Indeed, when Mack retired in 1996, Joe Hockey reclaimed the seat for the Liberals on a swing large enough to revert the seat to its traditional status as a comfortably safe Liberal seat. Hockey held it easily until 2015, serving as Treasurer from 2013 to 2015 in the Abbott government. After Abbott was ousted as Liberal leader and Prime Minister by Malcolm Turnbull in the September 2015 Liberal leadership spill Hockey moved to the backbench, but six days later he announced his intention to resign from parliament, taking effect from 23 October. The 2015 North Sydney by-election was held on 5 December to elect his replacement.

Trent Zimmerman, a former Hockey staffer,[3] retained the seat for the Liberal Party with 48.2 percent of the primary vote after a larger-than-predicted 12.8 percent swing against the Turnbull Coalition government.[4] That was only the second time in North Sydney since federation that the successful Liberal candidate had not obtained a majority of the primary vote and had to rely on preferences. Zimmerman faced a double-digit primary vote swing − more than triple that of the 2015 Canning by-election − even though Labor did not even contest the seat.[1]

The Liberal two-candidate-preferred vote of 60.2 percent against independent Stephen Ruff compares to the previous election vote of 65.9 percent against Labor.[1] The reduction of 5.7 percent could not be considered a "two-party/candidate preferred swing" − when a major party is absent, preference flows to both major parties does not take place, resulting in asymmetric preference flows.[5][6]

Zimmerman became the first openly LGBTI member of the House of Representatives.[4][7] He won the seat in his own right in 2016 and 2019. However, in 2022, he lost over 13 percent of his primary vote amid the Liberals' collapse in the North Shore and other "blue ribbon" areas of metropolitan Australia, and was defeated by teal independent Kylea Tink, the second non-Liberal ever to win it. The swing against the Liberals was large enough to make the seat marginal in a "traditional" two-party contest between the Liberals and Labor for the first time in 60 years; on paper, the Liberal margin over Labor was only 1.2 percent.

The most notable member for the seat was Billy Hughes, Prime Minister of Australia from 1915 to 1923, and later a minister in the Lyons, Page, Menzies and Fadden governments. Hughes is the longest-serving parliamentarian in Australian history. He transferred to Bradfield after it was carved out of North Sydney's northern portion in 1949, and died as that seat's member in 1952. Other notable members include Mack, Hockey, and Dugald Thomson, a minister in the Reid Government.

Boundaries

Since 1984, federal electoral division boundaries in Australia have been determined at redistributions by a redistribution committee appointed by the Australian Electoral Commission. Redistributions occur for the boundaries of divisions in a particular state, and they occur every seven years, or sooner if a state's representation entitlement changes or when divisions of a state are malapportioned.[8]

Located along Sydney's Lower North Shore, the division is named after the suburb of North Sydney. It also includes the suburbs of Artarmon, Cammeray, Castlecrag, Crows Nest, Greenwich, Henley, Hunters Hill, Huntleys Cove, Huntleys Point, Kirribilli, Lane Cove, Lane Cove North, Lane Cove West, Lavender Bay, Linley Point, Longueville, McMahons Point, Middle Cove, Milsons Point, Naremburn, North Willoughby, Northbridge, Northwood, Riverview, St Leonards, Waverton, Willoughby, Willoughby East, Wollstonecraft, and Woolwich; as well as parts of Chatswood, Chatswood West, Cremorne, Gladesville, Gore Hill and Neutral Bay.

Members

Image Member Party Term Notes
  Dugald Thomson
(1849–1922)
Free Trade 29 March 1901
1906
Previously held the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of Warringah. Served as minister under Reid. Retired
  Anti-Socialist 1906 –
26 May 1909
  Liberal 26 May 1909 –
19 February 1910
  George Edwards
(1855–1911)
13 April 1910
4 February 1911
Previously held the Division of South Sydney. Died in office
  (Sir) Granville Ryrie
(1865–1937)
11 March 1911
17 February 1917
Previously held the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of Queanbeyan. Transferred to the Division of Warringah
  Nationalist 17 February 1917 –
16 December 1922
  Billy Hughes
(1862–1952)
16 December 1922
September 1929
Previously held the Division of Bendigo. Served as Prime Minister from 1915 to 1923. Served as minister under Lyons, Page, Menzies and Fadden. Served as leader of the United Australia Party from 1941 to 1943. Transferred to the Division of Bradfield
  Independent Nationalist September 1929 –
2 December 1929
  Australian 2 December 1929 –
7 May 1931
  United Australia 7 May 1931 –
14 April 1944
  Independent 14 April 1944 –
13 September 1945
  Liberal 13 September 1945 –
10 December 1949
  William Jack
(1890–1982)
10 December 1949
31 October 1966
Retired
  Bill Graham
(1919–1995)
26 November 1966
19 September 1980
Previously held the Division of St George. Retired
  John Spender
(1935–2022)
18 October 1980
24 March 1990
Lost seat
  Ted Mack
(1933–2018)
Independent 24 March 1990
29 January 1996
Previously held the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of North Shore. Retired
  Joe Hockey
(1965–)
Liberal 2 March 1996
23 October 2015
Served as minister under Howard and Abbott. Resigned to retire from politics
  Trent Zimmerman
(1968–)
5 December 2015
21 May 2022
Lost seat. First openly LGBTI member of the House of Representatives
  Kylea Tink
(1970–)
Independent 21 May 2022
present
Incumbent

Election results

2022 Australian federal election: North Sydney[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Trent Zimmerman 36,956 38.05 −13.91
Independent Kylea Tink 24,477 25.20 +25.20
Labor Catherine Renshaw 20,835 21.45 −3.63
Greens Heather Armstrong 8,308 8.55 −5.07
United Australia Robert Nalbandian 1,730 1.78 +0.49
Sustainable Australia William Bourke 1,163 1.20 −0.69
One Nation Michael Walls 1,149 1.18 +1.18
Liberal Democrats Dajen Tinkler 1,123 1.16 +1.16
TNL Victor Kline 886 0.91 +0.91
Informed Medical Options Lesley Kinney 491 0.51 +0.51
Total formal votes 97,118 94.98 −0.98
Informal votes 5,138 5.02 +0.98
Turnout 102,256 91.55 −0.85
Notional two-party-preferred count
Liberal Trent Zimmerman 49,781 51.26 −8.01
Labor Catherine Renshaw 47,337 48.74 +8.01
Two-candidate-preferred result
Independent Kylea Tink 51,392 52.92 +52.92
Liberal Trent Zimmerman 45,726 47.08 −12.19
Independent gain from Liberal  

References

  1. ^ a b c 2015 North Sydney by-election: Antony Green ABC
  2. ^ Independents' 'father' says trio will choose ALP: ABC AM 6 September 2010
  3. ^ Osborne, Paul (26 October 2015). "Zimmerman wins North Sydney preselection". Yahoo 7 News. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
  4. ^ a b Gartrell, Adam (5 December 2015). "Liberal Trent Zimmerman wins North Sydney byelection despite swing". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 6 December 2015.
  5. ^ "A Comment on the Size of the Port Adelaide Swing, Antony Green". Blogs.abc.net.au. 13 February 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
  6. ^ An Example of Non-Monotonicity and Opportunites [sic] for Tactical Voting at an Australian Election: Antony Green ABC 4 May 2011
  7. ^ When an election’s not a battle but a limp formality: Daily Telegraph 26 November 2015
  8. ^ Muller, Damon (14 November 2017). "The process of federal redistributions: a quick guide". Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  9. ^ North Sydney, NSW, 2022 Tally Room, Australian Electoral Commission.

33°48′58″S 151°11′02″E / 33.816°S 151.184°E / -33.816; 151.184

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Division of North Sydney
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