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Division of Warringah

Warringah
Australian House of Representatives Division
Division of Warringah in New South Wales, as of the 2016 federal election
Created1922
MPZali Steggall
PartyIndependent
NamesakeWarringah
Electors105,077 (2019)
Area68 km2 (26.3 sq mi)
DemographicInner metropolitan

The Division of Warringah (/wəˈrɪŋɡə/ wə-RING-gə) is an Australian electoral division in the state of New South Wales.

Geography

Since 1984, federal electoral division boundaries in Australia have been determined at redistributions by a redistribution committee appointed by the Australian Electoral Commission. Redistributions occur for the boundaries of divisions in a particular state, and they occur every seven years, or sooner if a state's representation entitlement changes or when divisions of a state are malapportioned.[1]

History

The division is named after the Warringah area of Sydney, which itself is named by an Aboriginal Australian word which translates into English as "rain", "waves" or "sea". The Division was proclaimed at the redistribution of 13 September 1922, and was first contested at the 1922 federal election.[2] The word "Warrin ga" was recorded as the local name for Middle Harbour in 1832.[3]

Centred on Mosman and the Northern Beaches region of Sydney, it covers most of the land between Middle Harbour and the Tasman Sea. It extends from Port Jackson in the south to the suburb of Dee Why in the north. It includes the suburbs of Allambie, Allambie Heights, Balgowlah, Balgowlah Heights, Balmoral, Beauty Point, Brookvale, Clifton Gardens, Clontarf, Cremorne Point, Curl Curl, Fairlight, Freshwater, Killarney Heights, Kurraba Point, Manly, Manly Vale, Mosman, North Balgowlah, North Curl Curl, North Head, North Manly, Queenscliff, Seaforth, and Wingala; as well as parts of Beacon Hill, Cremorne, Dee Why, Forestville, Frenchs Forest, Narraweena, and Neutral Bay.[2]

The Northern Beaches have long been a stronghold for the Liberal Party of Australia. The Liberals and their predecessors held the seat without interruption from its creation in 1922 until the 2019 federal election when Zali Steggall won the seat as an independent.[4] Even by northern Sydney standards, Warringah has been especially unfriendly territory for Labor. For example, even in its 1943 landslide, Labor was only able to garner 39 percent of the two-party vote in Warringah; Labor has never won more than 40.5 percent of the two-party vote in any election for this seat.

Before 2019, the area covered by Warringah had been held by a conservative party without interruption since Federation; most of its territory had been part of North Sydney from 1901 to 1922. Most of Warringah's northern portion became the equally conservative Mackellar in 1949.

The seat's most notable member was Tony Abbott, who won the seat at a 1994 by-election and served as Prime Minister of Australia from 2013 to 2015. He retained Warringah until being defeated by Steggall in 2019.[5] That election also saw Warringah become a notional marginal seat in a "traditional" two-party contest against Labor for the first time; Abbott would have held the seat on 52.1 percent against Labor, down from 61 percent in 2016.

Members

Image Member Party Term Notes
  Sir Granville Ryrie
(1865–1937)
Nationalist 16 December 1922
13 April 1927
Previously held the Division of North Sydney. Resigned to become the High Commissioner to the United Kingdom
  Sir Archdale Parkhill
(1878–1947)
21 May 1927
7 May 1931
Served as minister under Lyons. Lost seat
  United Australia 7 May 1931 –
23 October 1937
  Percy Spender
(1897–1985)
Independent United Australia 23 October 1937
20 October 1938
Served as minister under Menzies and Fadden. Retired
  United Australia 20 October 1938 –
23 February 1944
  Independent 23 February 1944 –
13 September 1945
  Liberal 13 September 1945 –
28 April 1951
  Francis Bland
(1882–1967)
28 April 1951
2 November 1961
Retired
  John Cockle
(1908–1966)
9 December 1961
3 August 1966
Died in office
  Edward St John
(1916–1994)
26 November 1966
28 March 1969
Lost seat
  Independent 28 March 1969 –
25 October 1969
  Michael MacKellar
(1938–2015)
Liberal 25 October 1969
18 February 1994
Served as minister under Fraser. Resigned to retire from politics
  Tony Abbott
(1957–)
26 March 1994
18 May 2019
Served as minister under Howard. Served as Opposition Leader from 2009 to 2013. Served as Prime Minister from 2013 to 2015. Lost seat
  Zali Steggall
(1974–)
Independent 18 May 2019
present
Incumbent

Election results

2022 Australian federal election: Warringah[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Zali Steggall 41,832 44.82 +1.36
Liberal Katherine Deves 31,129 33.35 −5.66
Labor David Mickleburgh 7,806 8.36 +1.75
Greens Kristyn Glanville 6,910 7.40 +1.27
United Australia Andrew Robertson 2,202 2.36 +1.68
One Nation Steven Tripp 1,980 2.12 +2.12
Animal Justice Kate Paterson 1,475 1.58 +0.18
Total formal votes 93,334 97.06 +2.11
Informal votes 2,829 2.94 −2.11
Turnout 96,163 91.34 −1.06
Notional two-party-preferred count
Liberal Katherine Deves 48,001 51.43 −0.69
Labor David Mickleburgh 45,333 48.57 +0.69
Two-candidate-preferred result
Independent Zali Steggall 56,892 60.96 +3.72
Liberal Katherine Deves 36,442 39.04 −3.72
Independent hold Swing +3.72

References

  1. ^ Muller, Damon (14 November 2017). "The process of federal redistributions: a quick guide". Parliament of Australia. Archived from the original on 23 May 2022. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Profile of the electoral division of Warringah (NSW)". Australian Electoral Commission. Archived from the original on 4 March 2011. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  3. ^ Larmer, James. "'Larmer's Vocabulary of Native Names. 1853' by James Larmer, 1832-1853 | Indigenous Languages". indigenous.sl.nsw.gov.au. p. 31. Archived from the original on 13 August 2020. Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  4. ^ Green, Antony. "Warringah (Key Seat)". Australia votes. ABC News. Archived from the original on 18 May 2019. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  5. ^ Spencer, Lilian (2019). "Uncommon victories: Lessons from Warringah and Indi". Commons Social Change Library. Archived from the original on 1 June 2022. Retrieved 1 June 2022.
  6. ^ Warringah, NSW, 2022 Tally Room, Australian Electoral Commission.

33°47′35″S 151°15′14″E / 33.793°S 151.254°E / -33.793; 151.254

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Division of Warringah
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