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Division of Bendigo

Bendigo
Australian House of Representatives Division
Division of Bendigo in Victoria, as of the 2022 federal election
Created1901
MPLisa Chesters
PartyLabor
NamesakeBendigo, Victoria
Electors112,498 (2022)
Area5,496 km2 (2,122.0 sq mi)
DemographicProvincial

The Division of Bendigo is an Australian electoral division in the state of Victoria. The division was proclaimed in 1900, and was one of the original 65 divisions to be contested at the first federal election. It is named for the city of Bendigo.

The division is situated on the northern foothills of the Great Dividing Range in North Central Victoria. It covers an area of approximately 5,496 square kilometres (2,122 sq mi) and provides the southern gateway to the Murray–Darling basin. In addition to the city of Bendigo, other large population centres in the division include Castlemaine, Heathcote, Kyneton and Woodend.[1]

The current Member for the Division of Bendigo, since the 2013 federal election, is Lisa Chesters, a member of the Australian Labor Party.

Geography

Since 1984, federal electoral division boundaries in Australia have been determined at redistributions by a redistribution committee appointed by the Australian Electoral Commission. Redistributions occur for the boundaries of divisions in a particular state, and they occur every seven years, or sooner if a state's representation entitlement changes or when divisions of a state are malapportioned.[2]

History

The city of Bendigo, the division's namesake

In the early years of federation the seat consisted of little more than Bendigo itself, but on later boundaries the seat has included towns such as Echuca, Castlemaine, Maryborough and Seymour.

Bendigo has been a marginal seat, changing hands regularly between the Labor Party and the conservative parties; typically mirroring voting patterns in state elections.[3] However, it has remained a Labor seat since the 1998 federal election.

Unlike most marginal seats, Bendigo is not a barometer for winning government. Since 1949, all but one of its members has spent at least one term in opposition. Indeed, during two elections that saw a change of government, it elected an opposition MP.

Its most notable members include its first representative, Sir John Quick, who was a leading federalist, and Prime Minister Billy Hughes who, although from Sydney, represented Bendigo for two terms at a time when the federal Parliament met in Melbourne, and who moved to the seat after leaving the Labor Party over conscription, holding the seat as the leader of the Nationalist Party.

John Brumby, who held the seat from 1983 to 1990, would subsequently be elected to the Victorian Legislative Council in 1993. He then transferred to the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Broadmeadows a few months later, after being elected Victorian Opposition Leader, a position he would hold until 1999. After serving as a senior state minister under Steve Bracks, Brumby went on to become Premier of Victoria from 2007 to 2010.

Brumby was defeated in Bendigo at the 1990 election by a former state Legislative Councillor, Bruce Reid, who retained the seat narrowly in 1993 and 1996, before retiring at the 1998 election, when a 4.3% swing delivered the seat to Labor's Steve Gibbons. Reid has a minor claim to fame through being the third candidate in the contest for Liberal leadership between John Hewson and John Howard after the party's 1993 election defeat. Reid attracted one vote, presumably his own.[3]

Members

Image Member Party Term Notes
  Sir John Quick
(1852–1932)
Protectionist 29 March 1901
1906
Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Sandhurst. Served as minister under Deakin. Lost seat
  Independent Protectionist 1906 –
26 May 1909
  Liberal 26 May 1909 –
23 April 1913
  John Arthur
(1875–1914)
Labor 31 May 1913
9 December 1914
Served as minister under Fisher. Died in office
  Alfred Hampson
(1864–1924)
6 February 1915
5 May 1917
Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Bendigo East. Lost seat
  Billy Hughes
(1862–1952)
Nationalist 5 May 1917
16 December 1922
Previously held the Division of West Sydney. Served as Prime Minister from 1915 to 1923. Transferred to the Division of North Sydney
  Geoffry Hurry
(1868–1951)
16 December 1922
12 October 1929
Lost seat
  Richard Keane
(1881–1946)
Labor 12 October 1929
19 December 1931
Lost seat. Later elected to the Senate in 1937
  Eric Harrison
(1880–1948)
United Australia 19 December 1931
21 September 1937
Did not contest in 1937. Failed to win pre-selection for the Division of Deakin
  George Rankin
(1887–1957)
Country 23 October 1937
31 October 1949
Transferred to the Senate
  Percy Clarey
(1890–1960)
Labor 10 December 1949
17 May 1960
Previously a member of the Victorian Legislative Council. Died in office
  Noel Beaton
(1925–2004)
16 July 1960
9 April 1969
Resigned to retire from politics
  David Kennedy
(1940–)
7 June 1969
2 December 1972
Lost seat. Later elected to the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Bendigo. First person from an Indigenous background to be elected to the House of Representatives
  John Bourchier
(1929–2017)
Liberal 2 December 1972
5 March 1983
Served as Chief Government Whip in the House under Fraser. Lost seat
  John Brumby
(1953–)
Labor 5 March 1983
24 March 1990
Lost seat. Later elected to the Victorian Legislative Council in 1993
  Bruce Reid
(1935–2020)
Liberal 24 March 1990
31 August 1998
Previously a member of the Victorian Legislative Council. Retired
  Steve Gibbons
(1949–2022)
Labor 3 October 1998
5 August 2013
Retired
  Lisa Chesters
(1980–)
7 September 2013
present
Incumbent

Election results

2022 Australian federal election: Bendigo[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labor Lisa Chesters 42,883 42.98 −0.63
Liberal Darin Schade 26,576 26.63 −5.15
Greens Cate Sinclair 14,026 14.06 +3.15
One Nation Ben Mihail 5,508 5.52 −0.72
Independent James Laurie 4,319 4.33 +4.33
United Australia Elijah Suares 3,579 3.59 −0.74
Liberal Democrats Matt Bansemer 2,888 2.89 +2.89
Total formal votes 99,779 96.36 +0.46
Informal votes 3,764 3.64 −0.46
Turnout 103,543 92.16 −2.15
Two-party-preferred result
Labor Lisa Chesters 61,968 62.11 +3.26
Liberal Darin Schade 37,811 37.89 −3.26
Labor hold Swing +3.26

References

  1. ^ "Profile of the electoral division of Bendigo (Vic)". Current federal electoral divisions. Australian Electoral Commission. 1 October 2013. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  2. ^ Muller, Damon (14 November 2017). "The process of federal redistributions: a quick guide". Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  3. ^ a b Green, Antony (11 October 2013). "Federal election 2013: Bendigo results". Australia Votes. Australia: ABC. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  4. ^ Bendigo, VIC, 2022 Tally Room, Australian Electoral Commission.

36°54′04″S 144°10′55″E / 36.901°S 144.182°E / -36.901; 144.182

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Division of Bendigo
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