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Triple Crown of Cycling

The Triple Crown of Cycling in road bicycle racing denotes the achievement of winning three major titles in the same season, usually the Giro d'Italia general classification, the Tour de France general classification and the UCI Road World Championships Road Race.[1]

It is considered by many fans of the sport to be the greatest 'single' achievement in cycling. Although mostly it means winning the Giro, the Tour and the Road World Championships in one calendar year,[2] occasionally a broader definition is also seen where the victory in the Giro d'Italia can be exchanged for the Vuelta a España; this alternative has gained traction as the Vuelta, historically the least prestigious Grand Tour, has gained in reputation and importance.[3] A hat-trick which did not include the Tour de France and the World title would not generally be considered as the Triple Crown.

So far, the triple crown of cycling (in both the narrower and the broader definition) has been achieved by only two cyclists, Eddy Merckx and Stephen Roche. Annemiek van Vleuten has achieved the equivalent in women’s races. Requiring a cyclist who is excellent as both a general classification rider, and a classics racer, it is considered the hardest achievement in professional road bicycle racing in the same year.[4]

Despite the prestige of the achievement, the Triple Crown of cycling is not an official title, and there is no physical award given for its accomplishment.

Men's Triple crowns won

The Triple Crown has only been achieved twice by men (both times by winning Giro/Tour/Worlds):[2]

Rider Year Races
 Eddy Merckx (BEL) 1974 Tour + Giro + WC
 Stephen Roche (IRL) 1987 Tour + Giro + WC

Women's Triple crowns won

Rider Year Races
 Annemiek van Vleuten (NED) 2022 Tour + Giro + WC

Near wins

Some cyclists have been close to winning the triple crown of cycling, winning two of the three requirements. Among those who came close are Eddy Merckx on other occasions, the Italian great Fausto Coppi, Frenchman Bernard Hinault, and later Spaniard Miguel Indurain, who finished sixth and second in the World Championships after completing the Giro-Tour Double in 1992 and 1993 respectively.

Winning two grand tours in one year

Coppi was the first rider in the history of the sport to win the Giro d'Italia and the Tour de France in the same year which he did twice in 1949 and 1952. At the World road race championships in 1949 Coppi came third behind Rik Van Steenbergen of Belgium and Ferdi Kübler of Switzerland. Merckx was the first rider to win the triple crown but he had already come close to winning it in 1972 when he won both the Tour and the Giro, coming fourth in the World road race. After his disappointment, Merckx broke the world hour record several weeks later.

Ireland's Stephen Roche won the Giro and Tour in 1987. Later that year, with victory at the World road race championship in Villach in Austria, Roche became only the second to win the Triple Crown of Cycling.

Indurain won the Giro-Tour double in both 1992 and 1993 and in both years he was very active in the World Road Race. In 1992 he finished sixth but in 1993 Indurain was very close to winning the Triple crown when he finished second behind Lance Armstrong.

Cyclist Year Grand Tours won Result in World
 Fausto Coppi (ITA) 1949 Tour + Giro 3rd place
 Fausto Coppi (ITA) 1952 Tour + Giro DNE
 Jacques Anquetil (FRA) 1963 Tour + Vuelta 14th place[5]
 Jacques Anquetil (FRA) 1964 Tour + Giro 7th place[6]
 Eddy Merckx (BEL) 1970 Tour + Giro 29th place[7]
 Eddy Merckx (BEL) 1972 Tour + Giro 4th place[8]
 Eddy Merckx (BEL) 1973 Giro + Vuelta 4th place[9]
 Bernard Hinault (FRA) 1978 Tour + Vuelta 5th place[10]
 Giovanni Battaglin (ITA) 1981 Giro + Vuelta 26th place[11]
 Bernard Hinault (FRA) 1982 Tour + Giro DNF
 Bernard Hinault (FRA) 1985 Tour + Giro DNF
 Miguel Indurain (ESP) 1992 Tour + Giro 6th place
 Miguel Indurain (ESP) 1993 Tour + Giro 2nd place
 Marco Pantani (ITA) 1998 Tour + Giro DNE[12]
 Alberto Contador (ESP) 2008 Giro + Vuelta DNF[13]
 Chris Froome (GBR) 2017 Tour + Vuelta DNE

Winning one grand tour and world championship in one year

Hinault was aiming for winning the triple crown during the 1980 season. That year he won the 1980 Giro d'Italia before going on to the 1980 Tour de France. However, during the Tour, Hinault suffered from knee injury and despite winning three stages, he left the race while leading the general classification. Several weeks later he became world champion in Salanches. In the table below are the results in other grand tours of cyclists who won the world championship and a grand tour in one year. DNF (did not finish) indicates that the cyclist started the race, but did not finish; DNE (did not enter) indicates that the cyclist did not enter the race.

Cyclist Year Grand tour won Result in other grand tours
 Alfredo Binda (ITA) 1927 Giro Tour: DNE Vuelta: NA[14]
 Georges Speicher (FRA) 1933 Tour Giro: DNE Vuelta: NA[14]
 Fausto Coppi (ITA) 1953 Giro Tour: DNE Vuelta: NA[14]
 Louison Bobet (FRA) 1954 Tour Giro: DNE Vuelta: NA[14]
 Ercole Baldini (ITA) 1958 Giro Tour: DNE Vuelta: DNE
 Eddy Merckx (BEL) 1971 Tour Giro: DNE Vuelta: DNE
 Bernard Hinault (FRA) 1980 Giro Tour: DNF Vuelta: DNE
 Greg LeMond (USA) 1989 Tour Giro: 39th place Vuelta: DNE
 Marianne Vos (NLD) 2012 Giro Tour: NA[15] Vuelta: NA[14]
 Annemiek van Vleuten (NLD) 2019 Giro Tour: NA[15] Vuelta: NA[14]
 Remco Evenepoel (BEL) 2022 Vuelta Giro: DNE Tour: DNE

Other definitions

Career Triple Crown

Only eight riders have won the equivalent of a career Triple Crown, meaning two different grand tours and a Gold in the world championship road race. In addition to Merckx, Roche and Van Vleuten who won the triple crown in a single season they are Fausto Coppi, Jan Janssen, Felice Gimondi, Bernard Hinault and Joop Zoetemelk.

Riders who have won at least two gold medals and three grand tours include Eddy Merckx (WC × 3, TdF × 5, Giro × 5, Vuelta × 1), Greg LeMond (WC × 2, TdF × 3), Alfredo Binda (WC × 3, Giro × 5), Annemiek van Vleuten (WC × 2, TdF × 1, Giro × 5, Vuelta × 3), Marianne Vos (WC × 3, Giro × 3), and Anna Van der Breggen (WC × 2, Giro × 4).

Winning all three grand tours in a career

No male rider has ever won all three grand tours in a single calendar year.

Winning all three grand tours (Tour de France, Giro d'Italia and Vuelta a España ) in a career is sometimes called a grand tour career triple crown, although more usually it would be described as a career grand slam.[16]

Only seven riders have achieved this feat, and only one, Eddy Merckx has achieved both a classic Triple Crown and a career clean sweep of Grand Tour titles (He also achieved a career clean sweep of Monument classics, the 5 most prestigious one-day classic races).

Only Bernard Hinault and Alberto Contador have achieved multiple career grand tour triple crowns, both having won each race at least twice.

"All the jerseys"

While no rider has ever won all three grand tours in a single calendar year/season, three riders have won the three Grand tours consecutively across two seasons, thus holding ''all the jerseys'' at one time.

Eddy Merckx won four consecutive grand tours in 1972–1973: Giro 1972, Tour 1972, Vuelta 1973, and Giro 1973. He is the only rider to have won four consecutive grand tours.

Bernard Hinault won three consecutive grand tours in 1982–1983: Giro 1982, Tour 1982, and Vuelta 1983.

Chris Froome won three consecutive grand tours in 2017–2018: Tour 2017, Vuelta 2017 and Giro 2018 before finishing 3rd in Tour 2018. He was the first and to date only, rider to win 'all the jerseys' by beginning with the Tour de France, and the first to do so when the races were in the order 'Giro-Tour-Vuelta'.

In bold the win that achieved a grand tour career triple crown.

designates a World Championship winner.

Cyclist Tour de France wins Giro d'Italia wins Vuelta a España wins
 Jacques Anquetil (FRA) 1957, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964 1960, 1964 1963
 Felice Gimondi (ITA) 1965 1967, 1969, 1976 1968
 Eddy Merckx (BEL) 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1974 1968, 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974 1973
 Bernard Hinault (FRA) 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1985 1980, 1982, 1985 1978, 1983
 Alberto Contador (ESP) 2007, 2009 2008, 2015 2008, 2012, 2014
 Vincenzo Nibali (ITA) 2014 2013, 2016 2010
 Chris Froome (GBR) 2013, 2015, 2016, 2017 2018 2011, 2017

Completing all three grand tours in one year

Cyclists who have completed all three grand tours in the same year

36 riders completed all three grand tours in the same year:

List of riders and results

Year Rider Tour Giro Vuelta
1955 Raphaël Géminiani (FRA)
1955 Louis Caput (FRA) 54° 68° 21°
1955 Bernardo Ruiz (ESP) 22° 28° 14°
1956 Arrigo Padovan (ITA) 26° 12° 19°
1956 José Serra (ESP) 81° 26°
1956 Bernardo Ruiz (ESP) 70° 38° 31°
1957 Gastone Nencini (ITA)
1957 Mario Baroni (ITA) 53° 74° 46°
1957 Bernardo Ruiz (ESP) 24° 55°
1958 Pierino Baffi (ITA) 63° 23° 26°
1958 Federico Bahamontès (ESP) 17°
1971 José Manuel Fuente (ESP) 72° 39° 26°
1971 José Luis Uribezubia (ESP) 49° 29° 36°
1985 Philippe Poissonnier (FRA) 90° 86° 66°
1987 Marino Lejarreta (ESP) 10° 26°
1988 Luis Javier Lukin (ESP) 82° 32° 26°
1989 Marino Lejarreta (ESP) 10° 20°
1990 Eduardo Chozas (ESP) 11° 33°
1990 Marino Lejarreta (ESP) 26°
1991 Eduardo Chozas (ESP) 11° 10° 11°
1991 Iñaki Gastón (ESP) 61° 23° 14°
1991 Marco Giovannetti (ITA) 30° 18°
1991 Alberto Leanizbarrutia (ESP) 39° 64° 40°
1991 Marino Lejarreta (ESP) 53°
1991 Vladimir Pulnikov (UKR) 88° 11° 26°
1991 Valerio Tebaldi (ITA) 89° 47° 87°
1992 Guido Bontempi (ITA) 75° 40° 62°
1992 Neil Stephens (AUS) 74° 57° 66°
1999 Mariano Piccoli (ITA) 50° 38° 58°
2001 Jon Odriozola (ESP) 69° 59° 83°
2005 Giovanni Lombardi (ITA) 118° 88° 115°
2006 Carlos Sastre (ESP) 43°
2007 Mario Aerts (BEL) 70° 20° 27°
2008 Marzio Bruseghin (ITA) 26° 10°
2008 Erik Zabel (GER) 42° 80° 49°
2009 Julian Dean (NZL) 121° 136° 132°
2010 Carlos Sastre (ESP) 18°
2011 Sebastian Lang (GER) 111° 55° 76°
2012 Adam Hansen (AUS) 81° 94° 123°
2013 Adam Hansen (AUS) 72° 72° 60°
2014 Adam Hansen (AUS) 64° 73° 53°
2015 Adam Hansen (AUS) 77° 114° 55°
2015 Sylvain Chavanel (FRA) 36° 54° 47°
2016 Alejandro Valverde (ESP) 12°
2016 Adam Hansen (AUS) 68° 100° 110°
2017 Adam Hansen (AUS) 93° 113° 95°
2019 Thomas De Gendt (BEL) 51° 60° 56°
2023 Sepp Kuss (USA) 14° 12°

Winning world titles in three disciplines

After Marianne Vos had won world titles in road race (2006), cyclo-cross (2006) and track points race (2008), she was said to have won the triple crown of cycling.[17] In 2014, Pauline Ferrand-Prévot won the World Championship road race and followed this in 2015 with the world championships in cross-country mountain biking and cyclocross, which meant she held world titles in three cycling disciplines simultaneously.[18]

Triple Crown of Track Cycling

  • Sprint
  • Team sprint
  • Keirin - known as the Grand Slam, containing 6 GI races but 3 for women. Only 4 riders in history has achieved this.


  1. ^ "Stephen Roche wins Triple crown". The Irish Times. Retrieved 10 June 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Eddy Merckx: Greatest Professional Cyclist Ever". EuroPeloton. 22 October 2008.
  3. ^ "Historical Results – The Grand Tours". Cycling Hall of Fame.
  4. ^ "An interview with Stephen Roche, August 8, 2007 — Taking the triple". Cyclingnews. 8 August 2008.
  5. ^ "Championnats du Monde, 1963".
  6. ^ "World Championships 1964 at Sallanches (fra) – Men: Road Race". Sports 123.
  7. ^ "Championnats du Monde, 1970".
  8. ^ "World Championships 1972 at Gap (fra) – Men: Road Race". Sports 123.
  9. ^ "World Championships 1973 at Barcelona (spa) – Men: Road Race". Sports 123.
  10. ^ "World Championships 1978 at Adenau (wge) – Men: Road Race". Sports 123.
  11. ^ "Championnats du Monde, 1981".
  12. ^ "Result World Championship, Road, Elite 1998". Cyclingwebsite.
  13. ^ "Championnats du Monde UCI CL / UCI RR World Championships ( 28.09.2008 – 28.09.2008 )". UCI.
  14. ^ a b c d e f In these years, there was no Vuelta organized.
  15. ^ a b In these years, there was no Tour organized.
  16. ^ Andrew Hood (3 June 2008). "Contador eyes grand tour sweep with Vuelta". VeloNews.
  17. ^ "Vos wins unique cycling triple crown". DutchNews. 31 March 2008.
  18. ^ Reynolds, Tom (24 September 2015). "Pauline Ferrand-Prevot: Why French star may be greatest cyclist". BBC Sport. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
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Triple Crown of Cycling
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