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Pioneer Peak (British Columbia)

Pioneer Peak
North aspect
Highest point
Elevation3,245 m (10,646 ft)[1]
Prominence195 m (640 ft)[1]
Parent peakAdamant Mountain (3,345 m)[1]
Isolation1.158 km (0.720 mi)[1]
ListingMountains of British Columbia
Coordinates51°44′03″N 117°53′15″W / 51.73417°N 117.88750°W / 51.73417; -117.88750[2]
Pioneer Peak is located in British Columbia
Pioneer Peak
Pioneer Peak
Location of Pioneer Peak in British Columbia
Pioneer Peak is located in Canada
Pioneer Peak
Pioneer Peak
Pioneer Peak (Canada)
ProvinceBritish Columbia
DistrictKootenay Land District[3]
Parent rangeAdamant Range[3]
Selkirk Mountains
Topo mapNTS 82N12 Mount Sir Sandford[2]
Type of rockGranite
First ascent1911
Easiest routeScrambling, Northeast Face[4]

Pioneer Peak is a 3,245-metre (10,646-foot) mountain in British Columbia, Canada.


Pioneer Peak is part of the Adamant Range which is a subrange of the Selkirk Mountains.[3] It is located 80 km (50 mi) northwest of Golden and 30 km (19 mi) north of Glacier National Park. Pioneer Peak is highly glaciated with the Granite Glacier to the north, Gothics Glacier to the east, and the Adamant Glacier to the south. Precipitation runoff and glacial meltwater from the mountain's slopes drains north to Swan Creek, east to Smith Creek, south to Palmer Creek, and each are tributaries of the Columbia River. Topographic relief is significant as the summit rises approximately 2,500 metres (8,200 ft) above Kinbasket Lake in 13 km (8.1 mi). Pioneer is located south of the Bill Putnam hut which makes the peak an excellent ski mountaineering destination.[5]


The first ascent of the summit was made in 1911 by Howard Palmer, Edward Holway, and Frederic King Butters.[6] The mountain's toponym was officially adopted on March 4, 1965, by the Geographical Names Board of Canada.[2]


Based on the Köppen climate classification, Pioneer Peak is located in a subarctic climate zone with cold, snowy winters, and mild summers.[7] Winter temperatures can drop below −20 °C with wind chill factors below −30 °C. This climate supports several glaciers surrounding the peak.

See also



  1. ^ a b c d "Pioneer Peak - 10,646' BC". Retrieved 2023-09-08.
  2. ^ a b c "Pioneer Peak". Geographical Names Data Base. Natural Resources Canada. Retrieved 2023-09-08.
  3. ^ a b c "Pioneer Peak". BC Geographical Names. Retrieved 2023-09-08.
  4. ^ Fairy Meadow Alpine Granite, Alpine Club of Canada, Retrieved 2023-09-08.
  5. ^ Chic Scott, Summits and Icefields: Columbia Mountains, Rocky Mountain Books Ltd, 2003, ISBN 9781894765473, p. 54.
  6. ^ Appalachia, Volume 13, Appalachian Mountain Club, 1915, p. 397.
  7. ^ Peel, M. C.; Finlayson, B. L. & McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen−Geiger climate classification". Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633–1644. ISSN 1027-5606.

External links[edit]

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Pioneer Peak (British Columbia)
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