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Geographical Names Board of Canada

The Geographical Names Board of Canada (GNBC) is a national committee with a secretariat in Natural Resources Canada, part of the Government of Canada, which authorizes the names used and name changes on official federal government maps of Canada.

History

It was created in December 1897, by Order in Council, as the Geographic Board of Canada.[1] It consisted of one Board member from each of four Government of Canada departments, as well as the Surveyor General of Dominion Lands, while a secretariat was provided by the then-extant Department of the Interior.[1] In December 1899, the Order in Council was amended to give the Canadian provinces and territories the right to nominate one official, each, to be a Board member.[1]

Structure

As of 2020, the Board consists of 27 members, one from each of the provinces and territories, and others from departments of the Government of Canada. The board also is involved with names of areas in the Antarctic through the Antarctic Treaty.[2] The secretariat is provided by Natural Resources Canada.

In addition to the provincial and territorial members are members from the following federal government departments: Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, Canada Post Corporation, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Elections Canada, Library and Archives Canada, Department of National Defence, Natural Resources Canada (including Geological Survey of Canada and Canada Centre for Mapping and Earth Observation), Parks Canada, Statistics Canada, and the Translation Bureau. The Chair of the Geographical Names Board of Canada is Connie Wyatt Anderson from The Pas, Manitoba.

Process

In a two year period of 2019–2020, 750 names were added to the database with roughly 100 changes to names of already existing places. Citizens and government officials have the ability to write in with a form that is able to be filled out. The local naming authority then becomes involved on the place in question gathering suggestions from the local and indigenous communities. This can include the revival of indigenous names, notable examples include qathet, Haida Gwaii, and the Salish Sea. Provincial governments have also taken liberty to change names, including Nunavut, Ontario, British Columbia, and Quebec. Certain laws may apply such as for regional districts which typically have to include a distinguish geographic feature of the area in its name.[3][4]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Geographic Board of Canada (1928). Place-Names of Alberta. Ottawa: Department of the Interior. p. 3. Retrieved 2023-08-23.
  2. ^ "Geographical Names Board of Canada". 16 August 2013. Retrieved 7 November 2020.
  3. ^ Jago, Robert (2021-07-22). "Renaming places: how Canada is reexamining the map". Canadian Geographic. Retrieved 2022-11-22.
  4. ^ Humphreys, Adrian (2022-09-30). "Canada's changing map: Reconciliation renames people, places, things". nationalpost. Retrieved 2022-11-22.


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Geographical Names Board of Canada
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