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Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
中国社会科学院 (Chinese)
AbbreviationCASS
FormationMay 7, 1977; 47 years ago (1977-05-07)
TypeThink tank
HeadquartersSouth Middle Ring Road, Wangjing Area, Chaoyang District
Location
Coordinates39°54′28″N 116°25′34″E / 39.9078°N 116.4262°E / 39.9078; 116.4262
Party Secretary and President
Gao Xiang
Parent organization
State Council of the People's Republic of China
Ministry of State Security (15th Bureau)
SubsidiariesChina Social Sciences Press
Staff
3200
Websitewww.cssn.cn Edit this at Wikidata
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese中国社会科学院
Traditional Chinese中國社會科學院

The Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) is a Chinese state research institute and think tank. It is a ministry-level institution under the State Council of the People's Republic of China.

History

The predecessor of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences was the Department of Philosophy and Social Sciences of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, established in 1955.[1]

The CASS was established in May 1977 based on splitting the Department of Philosophy and Social Sciences from the Chinese Academy of Sciences, with the aim of promoting the development of philosophy and social sciences, under the instruction of Deng Xiaoping.[2]: 86–87  The first president was Hu Qiaomu.[2]: 87 

In 1979, CASS Vice President Huan Xiang led the first Chinese delegation of social scientists to travel to the United States.[2]: 88 

In 2022, Gao Xiang was appointed Chinese Communist Party Committee Secretary and president of CASS.[3]

Structure

The CASS is a ministry-level institution under the State Council.[4][5][6][7] As of 2012, CASS has over 3,200 resident scholars.[8][needs update] As of November 2020, the CASS has 6 university departments, 42 research institutes, 6 functional departments, 5 directly affiliated institutions, and 3 directly affiliated companies.[9] Of its functional departments, five are focused on research.[10]

CASS houses the Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, which later became the University of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.[11][non-primary source needed]

The Institute of Taiwan Studies (ITS) at CASS is under the control of the Fifteenth Bureau of the Ministry of State Security.[12][13][14] The ITS has been headed by Zhu Weidong since 2023 after its previous head, Yang Mingjie, left to lead the China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations.[14]

The Dictionary Editing Office of the Institute of Linguistics edits Xiandai Hanyu Cidian.[15] The China Social Sciences Press was established in June 1978 under the auspices of the CASS,[16] and has published over 8,000 books since its inception.[17]

Activities

Every quarter, CASS hosts a high-level seminar to which it invites officials from other developing countries to discuss topics including governance in China, poverty alleviation, and socio-economic development.[18]

According to Chen Daoyin, a former professor at the Shanghai University of Political Science and Law, CASS "is not so much an academic institution but a body to formulate party ideology to support the leadership."[3]

List of presidents

  1. Hu Qiaomu (胡乔木): 1977–1982
  2. Ma Hong (马洪): 1982–1985
  3. Hu Qiaomu: 1985–1988
  4. Hu Sheng (胡绳): 1988–1998
  5. Li Tieying (李铁映): 1998–2003
  6. Chen Kuiyuan (陈奎元): 2003–2013
  7. Wang Weiguang (王伟光): April 2013 – March 2018
  8. Xie Fuzhan (谢伏瞻): March 2018 – May 2022
  9. Shi Taifeng (石泰峰): May 2022 – December 2022
  10. Gao Xiang (高翔): December 2022 – Incumbent

See also

References

  1. ^ "哲学社会科学部独立始末----中国科学院院友服务网".
  2. ^ a b c Minami, Kazushi (2024). People's Diplomacy: How Americans and Chinese Transformed US-China Relations during the Cold War. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. ISBN 9781501774157.
  3. ^ a b Yu, Verna (16 January 2023). "History revisited: what the isolationist Qing dynasty tells us about Xi Jinping's China". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 January 2023.
  4. ^ Shambaugh, David (30 September 2002). "China's International Relations Think Tanks: Evolving Structure and Process". The China Quarterly. 171 (171). Cambridge University Press: 579. doi:10.1017/S0009443902000360. JSTOR 4618770. S2CID 154801635.
  5. ^ Jian-Ping, Lu (5 August 2019). "China's new strategy for fighting misconduct in academic journals". Chinese Medical Journal. 132 (15): 1865–1866. doi:10.1097/CM9.0000000000000347. PMC 6759119. PMID 31306224. The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China issued its first policy related to academic ethics on May 30th, 2018, together with the State Council...the new policy clarified that a high-level management system for scientific research integrity with clear responsibilities and efficient coordination should be established, requiring that the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) and the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) be responsible for the overall coordination and guidance of scientific research integrity in the fields of natural sciences, philosophy, and social sciences.
  6. ^ Sleeboom-Faulkner, Margaret (16 March 2007). "Regulating Intellectual Life in China: The Case of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences". The China Quarterly. 189 (189). Cambridge University Press: 83–99. doi:10.1017/S0305741006000816. JSTOR 20192737. S2CID 144020816.
  7. ^ "The New Great Leap Forward: Think Tanks with Chinese Characteristics" (Papers Series). CIGI. 6 September 2017. p. 10.
  8. ^ 历史沿革 (in Chinese (China)), Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, archived from the original on 2012-07-22, retrieved 2010-07-14
  9. ^ "组织机构". cass.cssn.cn. Retrieved 2020-11-26.
  10. ^ Faligot, Roger (2019). Chinese Spies: From Chairman Mao to Xi Jinping. Oxford University Press. p. 280. ISBN 978-1-78738-096-7. OCLC 1142330107.
  11. ^ "Milestones". UCASS. Retrieved 28 October 2021.
  12. ^ Mattis, Peter; Brazil, Matthew (2019-11-15). Chinese Communist Espionage: An Intelligence Primer. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-68247-304-7. OCLC 1117319580.
  13. ^ Barss, Edward J. (2022-01-14). Chinese Election Interference in Taiwan (1 ed.). London: Routledge. doi:10.4324/9781003157434. ISBN 978-1-003-15743-4. OCLC 1273727799. S2CID 245973725.
  14. ^ a b Hsiao, Russell (2023-08-23). "Personnel Changes at the PRC's Organs for Taiwan Intelligence Analysis". Global Taiwan Institute. Retrieved 2023-09-04.
  15. ^ 中国社会科学院语言研究所词典编辑室, ed. (1 September 2016). 现代汉语词典(第七版) [A Dictionary of Current Chinese] (Seventh ed.). Beijing: The Commercial Press. ISBN 978-7-100-12450-8.
  16. ^ Gao Guogan (1985). Directory of Chinese Newspapers and Publications. Modern Press. ISBN 978-0-582-97819-5.
  17. ^ 潘衍习 [Pan Yanxi] (2008-11-17), 中国社科出版社三十年硕果累累 [China Social Sciences Press' accumulated achievements of thirty years], People's Daily, archived from the original on 2011-07-21, retrieved 2010-07-14
  18. ^ Meng, Wenting (2024). Developmental Peace: Theorizing China's Approach to International Peacebuilding. Ibidem. Columbia University Press. p. 109. ISBN 9783838219073.
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Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
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