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Social Democratic Party (Mexico)

Social Democratic Party
Partido Socialdemócrata
AbbreviationPSD
LeaderAlberto Begné Guerra
FounderPatricia Mercado
Ignacio Irys Salomon
Founded2005
Dissolved2009
Merger of
Merged intoCitizens' Movement
HeadquartersMexico City
IdeologySecularism
Social democracy
New Left
Feminism
Political positionCenter-left to left-wing
ColoursRed and White
Website
pasode.org.mx

The Social Democratic Party or Social Democratic and Peasant Alternative Party (Spanish: Partido Socialdemócrata, PSD, Partido Alternativa Socialdemócrata y Campesina, Alternativa) was a left-wing Mexican political party between 2005 and 2009. It defined itself as a New Left party and distanced itself from what they claimed was the "conflictive left" in Mexico.[1] Founded by Patricia Mercado and Ignacio Irys Salomon, the party nominated Patrica Mercado for the 2006 general election.

In the 2006 legislative elections the party won 4 out of 500 seats in the Chamber of Deputies

History

Founding in 2004–2005

Originally named as Social Democratic and Peasant Alternative Party, the party started as an alliance between two political leaders, Ignacio Irys Salomon and Patricia Mercado along with peasantry factions. Although, most of its members also come from four other social democratic parties who have lost registration and merged from the following Social Democracy Party led by Gilberto Rincón Gallardo, México Posible (originally led by Patricia Mercado), Fuerza Ciudadana and the Partido Campesino y Popular.[2][3]

2006 elections

Logo used in the 2006 Federal Elections

During 2006, The peasant wing of the PSD was headed by Ignacio Irys Salomón, as part of the fractured Coalition of Urban and Peasant Democratic Organizations which brings together ejidatarios, small landowners and commoners.[4]

The party was seriously fractured, since it was a new party right before the 2006 elections. The peasant wing decided to promote the candidacy of pharmaceutical businessman Víctor González Torres, who was highly popular among them and challenged Mercado's candidacy, assuming that the latter did not have sufficient support within the party. González Torres proclaimed himself as candidate and began a media campaign against Mercado. The Electoral Institute ratified Mercado's candidacy for presidential candidate of the party.[5][6]

After ratification was confirmed for Mercado, Víctor González campaigned without a political party or registration as a candidate.[3]

in the 2006 elections the PSD managed to obtain 2.11% of the total votes, while in the 2006 legislative elections the party won 4 out of 500 seats in the Chamber of Deputies but no senators elected.

Dissolution

The Social Democratic Party came to an end after the results in the 2009 legislative elections; the party won only 1.03% of the vote and did not reach the 2.0% required to be known as a political party, thus losing registration and dissolving.[1][7] Some of its principal members joined the Citizens' Movement Party.[8]

Ideology

The PSD opposed the public influence of the Roman Catholic Church and has challenged the moral and teaching authority of Archbishop of Mexico Cardinal Norberto Rivera. It also pleaded in favor of equal marriage, euthanasia, the decriminalization of abortion and the legalization of some drugs.[9][10]

PSD presidents

PSD presidential candidates

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Adios a PSD".
  2. ^ "Alternativa Socialdemócrata y Campesina, una opción más". www.jornada.com.mx. Retrieved 2023-10-05.
  3. ^ a b Garciadiego, Javier; Rosa, Arno Burkholder de la; Velasco, Max Calvillo; Nava, Cuauhtémoc Domínguez; Rodríguez, Rogelio Hernández; Hurtado, Guillermo; Rivas, Gilberto López y; Gregor, Josefina Mac; Meyer, Jean (2020-05-26). México (moderno) a través de sus décadas / 6 (in Spanish). El Colegio Nacional. ISBN 978-607-724-379-3.
  4. ^ "La tercera vuelta de los socialdemócratas". www.jornada.com.mx. Retrieved 2023-10-05.
  5. ^ "Rinde protesta el "Doctor Simi" como candidato de Alternativa". www.proceso.com.mx (in Spanish). Retrieved 2023-10-05.
  6. ^ "México.- Presenta su candidatura para las presidenciales el empresario mejicano Víctor González". Europa Press. 2006-01-15. Retrieved 2023-10-05.
  7. ^ "Download Partido Alternativa Socialdemocrata y Campesina 2006 Logo PNG and Vector (PDF, SVG, Ai, EPS) Free". Retrieved 2023-10-05.
  8. ^ "Patricia Mercado| Movimiento Ciudadano". movimientociudadano.mx (in Spanish). Retrieved 2023-10-05.
  9. ^ Juarez Garcia, Benito. "Reflections". portalanterior.ieepcnl.mx. Retrieved 2023-10-05.
  10. ^ Pierceson, Jason; Piatti-Crocker, Adriana; Schulenberg, Shawn (2010-04-13). Same-Sex Marriage in the Americas: Policy Innovation for Same-Sex Relationships. Lexington Books. ISBN 978-0-7391-4657-6.
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Social Democratic Party (Mexico)
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