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Sanjay Kumar (soldier)

Sanjay Kumar

Then-Havildar Sanjay Kumar, wearing his PVC medal
Born (1976-03-03) 3 March 1976 (age 47)
Kalol Bakain, Bilaspur district, Himachal Pradesh, India
AllegianceIndia Republic of India
Service/branch Indian Army
Rank Subedar Major
Service number13760533
Unit13 JAK RIF
Battles/warsKargil War
Awards Param Vir Chakra

Subedar Major[1][2] Sanjay Kumar PVC (born 3 March 1976[3]) is an Indian Junior Commissioned Officer, and recipient of the Param Vir Chakra, India's highest military award.[4]

Early life

Sanjay Kumar was born in village Kalol Bakain in Bilaspur District of Himachal Pradesh. Prior to joining the army, he worked as a taxi driver in New Delhi.[5] His application was rejected three times before he was finally selected to join the army.

Military career

On 4 July 1999, as a member of the 13th Battalion, Jammu & Kashmir Rifles, he was the leading scout of a team tasked to capturing Area Flat Top, during the Kargil War. The area was held by Pakistani troops. Having scaled the cliff, the team was pinned down by machine gun fire from an enemy bunker, about 150 meters away.

Kumar, realizing the magnitude of the problem and the detrimental effect this bunker would have in the capture of Area Flat Top, crawled alone up the ledge, along a flank, and charged towards the enemy bunker through a hail of automatic fire. Almost instantly he took two bullets in his chest and forearm that left him bleeding profusely.

Though bleeding from the bullet wounds, he continued the charge towards the bunker. In hand-to-hand fighting, he killed three enemy soldiers. He then picked up an enemy machine gun and crept towards the second enemy bunker. The enemy soldiers, taken completely by surprise, were killed by him as they fled their post. Inspired by his act the rest of the platoon charged, assaulted the feature and captured Area Flat Top.

In February 2022, he received the rank of Subedar Major and is posted to the National Defence Academy in Khadakwasla near Pune.[6]

Param Vir Chakra

The Param Vir Chakra citation on the official Indian Army website reads as follows:

Rifleman Sanjay Kumar volunteered to be the leading scout of the attacking column tasked to capture area Flat Top of Point 4875 in the Mushkoh Valley on 4 July 1999. During the attack when enemy automatic fire from one of the sangars posed stiff opposition and stalled the column, Rifleman Sanjay Kumar, realizing the gravity of the situation and with utter disregard to his personal safety, charged at the enemy. In the ensuing hand-to-hand combat, he killed three of the intruders and was himself seriously injured. Despite his injuries, he charged onto the second bunker. Taken totally by surprise, the enemy left behind a Universal Machine Gun and started running.

Rifleman Sanjay Kumar picked up the UMG and killed the fleeing enemy. Although bleeding profusely, he refused to be evacuated. The brave action on his part motivated his comrades and they took no notice of the treacherous terrain and charged onto the enemy and wrested the area Flat Top from the hands of the enemy.

Rifleman Sanjay Kumar displayed most conspicuous gallantry, cool courage and devotion to duty of an exceptionally high order in the face of the enemy.[7]

Awards and decorations

During his career, he has been awarded with the Param Vir Chakra (Independence Day 1999) for his part in the Operation Vijay.

Param Vir Chakra Wound Medal
Operation Vijay Star Special Service Medal Operation Vijay Medal
Sainya Seva Medal High Altitude Medal Videsh Seva Medal 75th Independence Anniversary Medal
50th Independence Anniversary Medal 20 Years Long Service Medal 9 Years Long Service Medal UNMEE Medal


In 2010 Kumar was demoted from the rank of Havildar to Lance Naik.[8] The army refused to cite any reasons for his demotion. Moreover, the army concealed the facts and by continuing to refer to him as Havildar in press releases. Recipients of the Param-Vir Chakra are saluted irrespective of rank, which is alleged to be the bone of contention between Kumar and senior officers.[8]

Kumar was offered a job by the Himachal Pradesh Government and may accept this offer after completing his 15 years of service (for receiving post-retirement benefits) in the army.[8]

On 2 July 2014, Kumar became a Junior Commissioned Officer (JCO) of the Indian Army, with his promotion to Naib Subedar. While the promotion of Kumar had once become an issue in the Army after he was allegedly demoted to the rank of Lance Naik from the rank of Havildar in 2008, the issue was later buried with the intervention of higher authorities. It was also stated that there are no out-of-turn promotions for recipients of gallantry awards in the Army and they are promoted as per their seniority with their fellow soldiers in the unit.[1][2]

He was promoted to the rank of Subedar Major in February 2022.[6]

In popular culture

Kumar's story along with others who were part of the same conflict was portrayed in the film LOC Kargil, in which his character was played by famous Bollywood actor Sunil Shetty.


  1. ^ a b "NDTV Video, at 21:37 Sanjay Kumar is shown to be a Naib Subedar". NDTV. 2014. Archived from the original on 22 December 2021. Retrieved 14 August 2014.
  2. ^ a b Sura, Ajay (2014). "15th anniversary of Kargil War becomes extra special for brave heart Sanjay". Times of India. Retrieved 14 August 2014.
  3. ^ "Param Vir Chakra Winner of Bilaspur (H.P.)". 2013. Archived from the original on 28 February 2014. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
  4. ^ "SANJAY KUMAR | Gallantry Awards". Retrieved 15 December 2017.
  5. ^ "15th anniversary of Kargil War becomes extra special for brave heart Sanjay - Times of India". The Times of India.
  6. ^ a b Bureau, Rediff News. "Sanjay Kumar, Param Vir Chakra, Promoted". Retrieved 8 March 2022.
  7. ^ The Param Vir Chakra Winners (PVC), Official Website of the Indian Army, retrieved 28 August 2014 "Profile" and "Citation" tabs.
  8. ^ a b c Dutta, Anshuman G. (27 January 2010). "Double demotion for Kargil hero". Mid-Day. Retrieved 18 February 2014.


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Sanjay Kumar (soldier)
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