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Ramaswamy Parameshwaran


Ramaswamy Parameswaran

Born(1946-09-13)13 September 1946
Bombay, Bombay State, British India
Died25 November 1987(1987-11-25) (aged 41)
Sri Lanka
AllegianceIndia Republic of India
Service/branch Indian Army
Years of service1972–1987
Rank Major
Service numberSS-25573 (short-service commission)[1]
IC-32907 (regular commission)
Unit8 Mahar Regiment
attached to IPKF
Battles/wars
Awards Param Vir Chakra

Major Ramaswamy Parameswaran, PVC (13 September 1946, Mumbai – 25 November 1987, Sri Lanka) was an Indian military officer who was awarded the Param Vir Chakra, India's highest military decoration, for his bravery during the Sri Lankan Civil War.

Career

Major Parameshwaran was granted a Short Service Commission as a second lieutenant in the 15th Battalion Mahar Regiment on 16 January 1972.[1] Promoted lieutenant on 16 January 1974,[2] he was subsequently granted a regular commission, and was promoted captain on 12 October 1979 and to major on 31 July 1984.[3][4]

Military action

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On 25 November 1987, when Major Ramaswamy Parameswaran was returning from search operation in Sri Lanka, late at night, his column was ambushed by a group of militants which had five rifles. With a cool presence of mind, he encircled the militants from the rear and charged into them, taking them completely by surprise. During the hand-to-hand combat, a militant shot him in the chest. Undaunted, Major Parameswaran snatched the rifle from the militant and shot him dead. Gravely wounded, he continued to give orders and inspired his command till he died. Five militants were killed and three rifles and two rocket launchers were recovered and the ambush was cleared .

Param Vir Chakra citation

The Param Vir Chakra citation on the Official Indian Army Website reads as follows:

CITATION
MAJOR RAMASWAMY PARAMESWARAN
8 MAHAR (IC-32907)

On 25 November 1987, when Major Ramaswamy Parameswaran was returning from search operation in Sri Lanka, late at night, his column was ambushed by a group of militants. With cool presence of mind, he encircled the militants from the rear and charged into them, taking them completely surprise. During the hand-to-hand combat, a militant shot him in the chest. Undaunted, Major Parameswaran snatched the rifle from the militant and shot him dead. Gravely wounded, he continued to give orders and inspired his command till he breathed his last. Five militants were killed and three rifles and two rocket launchers were recovered and the ambush was cleared.

Major Ramaswamy Parameswaran displayed the most conspicuous gallantry and thought nothing of dying at his post.[5]

IPKF Memorial error

On 15 August 2012, R.K. Radhakrishnan, Colombo correspondent of The Hindu reported a glaring error on the IPKF transcription :

"The inscription read: IC 32907F MAJ. P.RAMASWAMY MVC 25 NOV 1987 8 MAHAR. MVC stands for Maha Vir Chakra, India's second highest military decoration. No one seemed to have noticed the mistake before. As I stood there, it crossed my mind that there was no guarantee that the names and honours of the other 1200 soldiers inscribed on the stone were all correct. Since Independence, only 21 Indians have had the honour of having PVC suffixed to their names. Parameshwaran was the only IPKF soldier who was given that honour. He is also the lone Mahar Regiment soldier to be conferred the PVC, the highest military decoration of India. That must mean a lot to a regiment active since 1941."[6]

Naming of an apartment

The Army welfare housing board built a colony in Arcot Road Chennai and named it as A.W.H.O Parameshwaran Vihar in the year 1998 in honor of Major Ramaswamy Parameswaran.

Ramaswamy Parameswaran's statue at Param Yodha Sthal, National War Memorial, New Delhi

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Part I-Section 4: Ministry of Defence (Army Branch)" (PDF). The Gazette of India. 23 November 1974. p. 1292.
  2. ^ "Part I-Section 4: Ministry of Defence (Army Branch)". The Gazette of India. 29 March 1975. p. 469.
  3. ^ "Part I-Section 4: Ministry of Defence (Army Branch)" (PDF). The Gazette of India. 11 June 1983. p. 899.
  4. ^ "Part I-Section 4: Ministry of Defence (Army Branch)" (PDF). The Gazette of India. 3 August 1985. p. 1077.
  5. ^ The Param Vir Chakra Winners (PVC), Official Website of the Indian Army, retrieved 28 August 2014
  6. ^ Radhakrishnan, R.K. (15 August 2012). "Glaring mistake that missed many an eye". The Hindu. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
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Ramaswamy Parameshwaran
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