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Ramón Lamoneda

Ramón Lamoneda
General secretary of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
In office
September 1938 – 1942
Personal details
Born9 June 1892
Begíjar, Jaén
Died27 February 1971(1971-02-27) (aged 78)
Mexico City
Signature

Ramón Lamoneda (1892–1971) was a Spanish typographer and socialist politician who was the first general secretary of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party.

Early life

Lamoneda was born in Begíjar, Jaén, on 9 June 1892.[1] His family moved to Madrid in 1904.[2]

Career

He began his career as a typographer in Madrid and became a member of the Graphic Federation of the General Union of Workers and the Socialist Youth group.[1] Lamoneda went to Belgium in 1913 to attend the courses at the International Socialist School where he studied the work by Centrale d’Éducation Ouvrière.[3] In August 1914 he joined the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party,[1] and Manuel Núñez de Arenas and he were responsible for running of the party's education institution, Central de Educación Socialista, which was founded in 1913 to train future administrators.[3] Lamoneda left the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party and joined the Communist Party in the 1920s.[4] However, later he rejoined the Socialist Party.[1] He and Mariano Garcia Cortes edited a socialist magazine entitled Nuestra Palabra.[5]

Lamoneda was a deputy for the Cortes Generales for Granada following the elections in 1933 and 1936.[1] In September 1938 he became the first general secretary of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party.[6][7] He was in office until 1942.[6]

Later years and death

In 1946 he went into exile in Mexico where he worked as a type director at various publishing houses.[6] He died in Mexico City on 27 February 1971.[6]

From 1946 to 2009 Lamoneda was not mentioned in the history of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party.[2] Lamoneda's membership status was rehabilitated on 12 December 2009 in a ceremony held in Madrid, and his membership card was given to his children.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Ramón Lamoneda Fernández". Real Academia de la Historia. 2018. Archived from the original on 19 October 2021. Retrieved 12 December 2021.
  2. ^ a b c "En Recuerdo de Ramón Lamoneda" (in Spanish). PSOE. 6 March 2011. Archived from the original on 12 December 2021. Retrieved 12 December 2021.
  3. ^ a b Jean‐Louis Guereña (2006). "European Influences in Spanish Popular Education: The Case of the Socialist Casa Del Pueblo of Madrid and the Belgian Model (1897–1929)". History of Education. 35 (1): 39–40. doi:10.1080/00467600500419851. S2CID 143044719.
  4. ^ Roberto Villa García (2009). "The Failure of Electoral Modernization: The Elections of May 1936 in Granada". Journal of Contemporary History. 44 (3): 411. doi:10.1177/0022009409104116. S2CID 220878908.
  5. ^ Paul Preston (January 1977). "The Origins of the Socialist Schism in Spain, 1917-31". Journal of Contemporary History. 12 (1): 104. doi:10.1177/002200947701200105. S2CID 162423505.
  6. ^ a b c d Abdón Mateos López (2012). "Ramón Lamoneda, un marxista revolucionario en la Secretaría General del PSOE, 1936-1942". Historia del presente (19): 143–154. ISSN 1579-8135.
  7. ^ Helen Graham (1991). Socialism and War: The Spanish Socialist Party in Power and Crisis, 1936-1939. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-521-39257-0.
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Ramón Lamoneda
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