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Asturian Socialist Federation

Asturian Socialist Federation
Federación Socialista Asturiana
PresidentPablo García Fernández
Secretary-GeneralAdrián Barbón
Founded27 January 1901
HeadquartersC/ Santa Teresa, 20
Oviedo, Asturias
Membership (2023)7,145[1]
IdeologySocial liberalism
Political positionCentre[2] to Centre-left
National affiliationSpanish Socialist Workers' Party
General Junta
19 / 45
Congress of Deputies
2 / 7
(Asturian seats)
Spanish Senate
1 / 4
(Asturian seats)
Local seats
395 / 922
Website
www.fsa-psoe.org

The Asturian Socialist Federation (Spanish and Asturian: Federación Socialista Asturiana), often shortened to FSA–PSOE, is the regional section of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) in the Principality of Asturias. It was formed on 27 January 1901 from the Socialist local groupings of Gijón (formed in 1891), Oviedo (1892), Mieres and Langreo (1897) and others.

Since the Spanish transition to democracy started in 1975 and since the establishment of the Spanish "State of Autonomies" in 1983, the FSA–PSOE has governed Asturias nearly uninterruptedly from 1983 to 1995, from 1999 to 2011 and again since 2012.

History

Foundation and early years (1901-1931)

After the foundation of the PSOE on 2 May 1879, socialist groups were gradually organised in the main towns and cities of Asturias. Thus, in 1891, the Gijón local group was set up, followed by the Oviedo group in 1892 and those of Mieres and Sama de Langreo in 1897.[3][4][5] Between 1899 and 1901, socialism took root in Asturias and finally, on 27 January 1901, the founding Congress of the Asturian Socialist Federation of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (FSA-PSOE) was held in Oviedo's Centro Obrero (Workers' Centre). Manuel Vigil Montoto was elected president of the first Provincial Committee.

Second Republic and Civil War (1931-1939)

In 1934, the FSA-PSOE formed part of the workers' alliance formalised in the Uníos Hermanos Proletarios (UHP, Unite Proletarian Brothers) and agreed with the pact signed between the socialist trade union Unión General de Trabajadores (UGT, General Union of Workers) and the Regional Confederation of Labour of Asturias, León and Palencia of the anarcho-syndicalist organisation CNT. The UHP - which was later joined by other workers' organisations - played a significant role in the 1934 Revolution.

During the Spanish Civil War, the Socialist Belarmino Tomás presided over the Interprovincial Council of Asturias and León, later transformed into the Sovereign Council of Asturias and León.

Franco's dictatorship (1939-1975)

Like all other left-wing and republican parties, the FSA was outlawed and its members persecuted and sometimes killed. While the UGT, the trade union linked to the party, maintained some activity during the dictatorship, especially during the labour conflicts in the region, the main opposition to the francoist regime was the Communist Party of Asturias (PCA) and its allies in the region.

Transition and democracy (since 1975)

After Franco's regime and with the advent of democracy, the FSA regained its leading role. Rafael Luis Fernández Álvarez presided over the two governments of the Regional Council of Asturias, the pre-autonomous body that would govern Asturias from 1978 to 1982, as well as the first pre-electoral government of the Principality of Asturias. On Sunday, 14 May 1978, Felipe González and Enrique Tierno Galván gave a rally in the El Molinón football stadium in Gijón attended by 25,000 people.[6]

The FSA-PSOE won the Presidency of the Principality in the first regional election in 1983 with Pedro de Silva Cienfuegos-Jovellanos as leader. In 1991 he was succeeded by Juan Luis Rodríguez-Vigil Rubio, who resigned after the Petromocho scandal and was replaced by Antonio Trevín Lombán in 1993. After a legislature in opposition, in 1999 the FSA, led by Vicente Álvarez Areces, once again gained access to the regional government - thanks in part to the instability generated by regional president Sergio Marqués' break with the PP, founding the Unión Renovadora Asturiana (URAS, Asturias Renewal Union) in 1998. The socialists later won the regional elections in 2003 and 2007.

After six months in 2011 of minority government led by Francisco Álvarez-Cascos, president of Foro Asturias (FAC, Asturian Forum), another PP's split, the FSA regained the presidency of Asturias in 2012 with Javier Fernández Fernández.[7] He was re-elected after the May 2015 elections.[8]

In the PSOE crisis of 2016, a new leadership emerged in the FSA-PSOE that led to the 32nd congress and the election of Adrián Barbón as Secretary General on 1 October 2017.[9] Barbón himself was the head of the list for the regional elections on 26 May 2019, winning six more seats than those won by Javier Fernández in 2015. Adrián Barbón was sworn in as President of the Principality of Asturias on 20 July 2019. [10]

Electoral performance

General Junta of the Principality of Asturias

Graphs are unavailable due to technical issues. There is more info on Phabricator and on MediaWiki.org.
General Junta of the Principality of Asturias
Election Votes % # Seats +/– Leading candidate Status in legislature
1983 293,320 51.96% 1st
26 / 45
Pedro de Silva Government
1987 222,326 38.85% 1st
20 / 45
6 Pedro de Silva Government
1991 218,193 41.02% 1st
21 / 45
1 Juan Luis Rodríguez-Vigil Government
1995 219,527 33.83% 2nd
17 / 45
4 Antonio Trevín Opposition
1999 284,972 46.00% 1st
24 / 45
7 Vicente Álvarez Areces Government
2003 250,474 40.48% 1st
22 / 45
2 Vicente Álvarez Areces Coalition
2007 252,201 42.04% 1st
21 / 45
1 Vicente Álvarez Areces Government (2007–2008)
Coalition (2008–2011)
2011 179,619 29.92% 1st
15 / 45
6 Javier Fernández Opposition
2012 161,159 32.10% 1st
17 / 45
2 Javier Fernández Government
2015 143,851 26.48% 1st
14 / 45
3 Javier Fernández Government
2019 187,462 35.26% 1st
20 / 45
6 Adrián Barbón Government
2023 195,999 36.50% 1st
19 / 45
1 Adrián Barbón Government

Cortes Generales

Graphs are unavailable due to technical issues. There is more info on Phabricator and on MediaWiki.org.
Cortes Generales
Election Asturias
Congress Senate
Votes % # Seats +/– Seats +/–
1977 182,850 31.74% 1st
4 / 10
1 / 4
1979 200,346 37.28% 1st
4 / 10
0
3 / 4
2
1982 339,575 52.13% 1st
6 / 10
2
3 / 4
0
1986 278,946 45.99% 1st
5 / 9
1
3 / 4
0
1989 248,584 40.56% 1st
4 / 9
1
3 / 4
0
1993 271,877 39.32% 1st
4 / 9
0
3 / 4
0
1996 288,558 39.85% 2nd
4 / 9
0
1 / 4
2
2000 241,830 37.02% 2nd
3 / 9
1
1 / 4
0
2004 305,240 43.38% 2nd
4 / 8
1
1 / 4
0
2008 326,477 46.93% 1st
4 / 8
0
3 / 4
2
2011 185,526 29.34% 2nd
3 / 8
1
1 / 4
2
2015 145,113 23.29% 2nd
2 / 8
1
1 / 4
0
2016 147,920 24.87% 2nd
2 / 8
0
1 / 4
0
2019 (Apr) 207,586 33.13% 1st
3 / 7
1
3 / 4
2
2019 (Nov) 186,211 33.27% 1st
3 / 7
0
3 / 4
0

European Parliament

European Parliament
Election Asturias
Votes % #
1987 244,323 42.43% 1st
1989 197,650 41.48% 1st
1994 173,986 32.07% 2nd
1999 256,497 41.52% 1st
2004 204,889 46.39% 1st
2009 189,783 44.05% 1st
2014 99,000 26.08% 1st
2019 201,642 38.58% 1st

See also

References

  1. ^ https://www.expansion.com/economia/politica/2023/11/05/654768ed468aebe70a8b464e.html
  2. ^ https://www.elmundo.es/espana/2022/10/16/634ae4a121efa0835f8b4598.html
  3. ^ Olmos, Gonzalo (24 October 2017). "125 años de socialismo ovetense". Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  4. ^ "Gijón- Es un hecho ya la organización en este punto de la Organización Socialista" (PDF). Madrid. 4 December 1981. p. 3. Retrieved 18 April 2020.((cite news)): CS1 maint: date and year (link)
  5. ^ "Mieres - Se ha constituido la Agrupación Socialista" (PDF). Madrid. 6 April 1897. p. 3. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  6. ^ "Mitín del PSOE en el Molinón: Felipe González "No renunciamos a nuestra raíces"". Gijón. 16 May 1978. p. 11. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  7. ^ "El socialista Javier Fernández, nuevo presidente de Asturias". 20minutos (in Spanish). 23 May 2012. Retrieved 8 April 2022.
  8. ^ "El socialista Javier Fernández, reelegido presidente de Asturias en la tercera votación". 21 July 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  9. ^ "Adrián Barbón, nuevo secretario general del PSOE Asturias tras ganar las primarias". Europa Press. 17 September 2017. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  10. ^ "Adrián Barbón, nuevo presidente del Principado". La Voz de Asturias (in Spanish). 15 July 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2022.
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Asturian Socialist Federation
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