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Province of Huesca

Huesca/Uesca Province
The Marboré lake with the Monte Perdido and the Cilindro de Marboré in the background
The Marboré lake with the Monte Perdido and the Cilindro de Marboré in the background
Flag of Huesca/Uesca Province
Coat of arms of Huesca/Uesca Province
Map of Spain with Huesca/Uesca Province highlighted
Map of Spain with Huesca/Uesca Province highlighted
Coordinates: 42°10′N 0°10′W / 42.167°N 0.167°W / 42.167; -0.167
CountrySpain
Autonomous communityAragon Aragon
CapitalHuesca
Area
 • Total15,626 km2 (6,033 sq mi)
 • RankRanked 6th
 3.10% of Spain
Population
 (2018)
 • Total219,345
 • RankRanked 43rd
 • Density14/km2 (36/sq mi)
DemonymOscense
Language(s)Spanish, Aragonese, Catalan

Huesca (Aragonese: Uesca, Catalan: Osca), officially Huesca/Uesca,[1] is a province of northeastern Spain, in northern Aragon. The capital is Huesca.

Positioned just south of the central Pyrenees, Huesca borders France and the French departments of Haute-Garonne, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, and Hautes-Pyrénées. Within Spain, Huesca's neighboring provinces are Navarre, Zaragoza, and Lleida.

Geography

"The Egg of Morrano" or the "Peña Falconera" rock formation (Spanish: El Huevo de Morrano).

Covering a primarily mountainous area of 15626 km², the province of Huesca has a total population of 219,345 in 2018,[2] with almost a quarter of its people living in the capital city of Huesca. The low population density, 14.62/km², has meant that Huesca's lush valleys, rivers, and lofty mountain ranges have remained relatively pristine and unspoiled by progress.

Home to majestic scenery, the tallest mountain in the Pyrenees, the Aneto; eternal glaciers, such as at Monte Perdido; and the National Park of Ordesa and Monte Perdido, rich in flora and protected fauna. Popular with mountaineers, spelunkers, paragliders, and white water rafters, it is also a popular snow skiing destination with notable resorts in Candanchú, Formigal, Astún, Panticosa, and Cerler.

Lakes

History

The Romans colonised the province of Huesca, which formed the northern part of Hispania Tarraconensis, and continued to live there well into the 5th century until the arrival of the Visigoths. As a mountainous frontier region, it was difficult to dominate. The northern counties had at one time belonged to the Kingdom of Navarre but split off and managed to stem early Moorish invasions in the Middle Ages by forming alliances between themselves and with the Franks, to become Frankish feudal marches. The imperative of sovereignty, or independence, for the northern border counts, gave rise to the Kingdom of Aragon, which was the precursor to the Empire or Crown of Aragon, and ultimately the Kingdom of Spain.

Administrative divisions

The modern day province comprises 10 comarcas and 202 municipalities.

Comarca Capital City
Alto Gállego Sabiñánigo
Bajo Cinca Fraga
Cinca Medio Monzón
Hoya de Huesca Huesca
Jacetania Jaca
La Litera Tamarite de Litera
Monegros Sariñena
Ribagorza Graus, formerly Benabarre
Sobrarbe Ainsa and Boltaña
Somontano de Barbastro Barbastro

The following comarcas having their capital in Huesca Province include municipal terms within Zaragoza Province:

Population

The historical population is given in the following chart:

Language

Spanish is the primary language in the province. However, the local linguistic varieties in the center and north of the province (often called fabla) belong to the Aragonese language, which now survives mainly in the northernmost comarcas, such as the Aragon Valley in Jacetania, the Alto Gallego, Sobrarbe, and Ribagorza, where hitherto landlocked and isolated villages have helped the language to thrive into the 21st century.

In the easternmost areas of the province, varieties of the Catalan language are spoken, with a few transitional dialects difficult to classify as Aragonese or Catalan.

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Nombre oficial de la ciudad según la ley de creación de la comarca de Hoya de Huesca/Plana de Uesca - (BOA 27/2002, 26 de noviembre)". Archived from the original on 2009-02-03. Retrieved 2011-06-11.
  2. ^ jiriarte (2010-07-16). "Aragon". ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 2018-03-17.
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Province of Huesca
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