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Province of Huelva

A wetland area of Doñana National Park
A wetland area of Doñana National Park
Flag of Huelva
Coat of arms of Huelva
Map of Spain with Huelva highlighted
Map of Spain with Huelva highlighted
Coordinates: 37°33′N 6°55′W / 37.550°N 6.917°W / 37.550; -6.917
Autonomous communityAndalusia Andalusia
 • BodyProvincial Deputation of Huelva
 • PresidentIgnacio Caraballo (PSOE)
 • Total10,148 km2 (3,918 sq mi)
 • RankRanked 25th
 • Total483,792
 • RankRanked 31st
 • Density48/km2 (120/sq mi)
ParliamentCortes Generales
Fuente de Nuestra Señora del Rocío, La Palma del Condado

Huelva (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈwelβa]) is a province of southern Spain, in the western part of the autonomous community of Andalusia. It is bordered by Portugal, the provinces of Badajoz, Seville, and Cádiz, and the Atlantic Ocean. Its capital is Huelva.

Its area is 10,148 km². Its population is 483,792 (2005), of whom about 30% live in the capital, and its population density is 47.67/km². It contains 79 municipalities.

The economy is based on agriculture and mining. The famous Rio Tinto mines have been worked since before 1000 BC, and were the major source of copper for the Roman Empire. As an indication of the scope of ancient mining, sixteen million tons of Roman slag have been identified at the Roman mines. British companies resumed large-scale mining in 1873; the district is the namesake of the Rio Tinto Group.[1] In the 21st century, municipalities such as Moguer, Palos de la Frontera, and Lepe, have witnessed the development of intensive water-demanding strawberry farming, which has elicited attention on the basis of alleged mispractices and abuses regarding the labor conditions of foreign workers and the ecocidal depletion of water resources in Doñana.

The province contains Palos de la Frontera, and Moguer, where Christopher Columbus sailed out of on his first voyage in 1492, and shares the Parque Nacional de Doñana, located mainly in Almonte.

Government and administration


The historical population is given in the following chart:


The delayed tourist development of the province has allowed better city planning than in other regions on the Spanish coast. The nuclei of Islantilla and Isla Canela are an example of this attempt to plan in a more coherent form. Although in a smaller scale in comparison to other regions, urban pressure continues. Previous developments that had little planning until recent time are El Rompido, El Portil, Mazagón and Matalascañas (Torre de la Higuera).

Although Punta Umbría had its beginnings like pedanía de Cartaya, after the democratization of summer tourism, it began its urban development for its proximity to the capital and its location on the beach. Present development would not endure without tourist activity and its vacation housing. Other tourist areas are Nuevo Umbría, Nuevo Portil, Punta del Moral, La Antilla and Urbasur. The marismas de Isla Cristina, next to the towns of Ayamonte and Isla Cristina, are a protected nature reserve. In the mountain town of Almonaster la Real, the Visigothic-mosque church built in the first decades of the 10th century and whose mihrab is one of the oldest in Spain is one important turistic point.[2]

Of note is Huelva's recent classification of “rural tourism” for its interior mountain range.

Green electricity

Huelva has 388 megawatts (MW) of wind power, 68 MW biomass power, and 66 MW of solar power.[3] A 220 kilovolt transmission line has been constructed to send power to the main grid as well as improving connections between Spain and Portugal.[4]

See also


  1. ^ Famous mineral localities: The Rio Tinto mines, Huelva, Spain | Mineralogical Record | Find Articles at BNET
  2. ^ Jiménez Martín, Alfonso (1998). "La Mezquita de Almonaster la Real". Archived from the original on 6 August 2008. Retrieved 4 June 2008.
  3. ^ "The province generates 533 megawatts of electricity from renewable energy". EuropaPress, 10 June 2012. Retrieved: 16 June 2012.
  4. ^ "Iberdrola Renewables starts up the largest wind power facility in Spain". EuropaPress, 11 February 2010. Retrieved: 16 June 2012.
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Province of Huelva
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