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Minister of Small Business Development

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South Africa
Minister of Small Business
Development
Incumbent
Stella Ndabeni-Abrahams
since 5 August 2021
Department of Small Business Development
StyleThe Honourable
AppointerCyril Ramaphosa
Inaugural holderLindiwe Zulu
Formation25 May 2014
DeputyDipuo Peters
WebsiteSmall Business Development

The Minister of Small Business Development is a Minister in the Cabinet of South Africa.

Formation

President Jacob Zuma announced the formation of the new Small Business Development Ministry on 25 May 2014.[1] Its purpose was to promote and develop small businesses and co-operatives by focusing on both economic incentives and legislation so as to stimulate entrepreneurship in South Africa and transform the lives of economically disadvantaged people.[1]

History

In August 2012, the National Development Plan 2030 was created by the South African government and it identified small business as the key area for job creation, expecting 90% of jobs in a future economy being generated by the sector.[2][3] Prior to the ministry's creation in 2014, small business policy and its implementation was under the control of the Trade and Industry department and its minister, with poor results.[4]

On 25 May 2014, President Jacob Zuma appointed his cabinet with the new ministry of Small Business Development created an its minister named as Lindiwe Zulu.[5]

Speaking at meeting in Durban in November 2018, Minister Lindiwe Zulu expressed a view that the Ministry of Small Development must continue after the election in May 2019.[6] President Cyril Ramaphosa had expressed a view at the State of the Nation (SONA) address in February 2018 that cabinet ministries should be reduced to save money.[6] Rumour had circulated that ministry could be re-merged with Trade and Industry.[6]

On 29 May 2019, following the elections earlier in the month, President Ramaphosa announced the new ministries and ministers with the Ministry of Small Business Development remaining intact but with a new minister announced, Khumbudzo Ntshavheni.[7]

List of Past Ministers

Name Term Party President
Lindiwe Zulu 25 May 2014 26 February 2018 ANC Jacob Zuma
(II)
Lindiwe Zulu 26 February 2018 29 May 2019 ANC Cyril Ramaphosa
(I)
Khumbudzo Ntshavheni 30 May 2019 5 August 2021 ANC Cyril Ramaphosa
(II)
Stella Ndabeni-Abrahams 5 August 2021 Incumbent ANC Cyril Ramaphosa
(II)

Social Entrepreneurship

In Africa, social entrepreneurship is the role of social enterprise in filling institutional voids, lifting communities from poverty, meeting social needs arising from disease and post conflict situations and linking commercial and non-profit mechanisms in hybrid organizations.[8] An evolution of the conventional philanthropy to venture philanthropy has been the basis of social entrepreneurship in South Africa. Years of marginalization through non-profits and other donors has left South Africa in cultural distress which makes social entrepreneurship the most suitable type of assistance for South Africa.The adjustment to social entrepreneurship has made many philanthropists and donors rewrite the way they invest their support. Worldwide, policymakers are using the language of local capacity building as a strategy to assist impoverished communities in becoming self‐reliant.[9] As a result of this development, there has been an influx of institutions solely dedicated to increasing social entrepreneurship. Researchers suggest that the time is certainly ripe for entrepreneurial approaches to social problems.[10]

Demographics

South African Entrepreneurs

Name Business Function
Lebo Gunguluza GEM Group Media/Technology
George Sombonos Chicken Licken Food
Albe Geldenhuys Ultimate Sports Nutrition (USN) Supplements
Anat Apter ANAT Middle Eastern Eatery Food

Women

Research concludes that Women in South Africa are the most beneficial channel through which social entrepreneurship develops. Women are the fundamental part of any successful poverty reduction approach, due to their disproportionate level of poverty and the consequential effects of such on children and communities within their care.[11] Research concludes that adding a gender lens to the creation of social enterprises is vital to the success of social entrepreneurship. Societies that promote gender equality have a higher occurrence of social entrepreneurship than those who do not.[12] Business ownership may allow women to influence change and to make a difference in the lives of other women and the community in general.[12]

Youth

Entrepreneurship education's positive effect has been studied regarding four areas of South African youth. It can help with self-confidence, understanding of financial and business issues, increased passion to succeed, and a greater desire to move on to higher education. Apartheid education is still prevalent in many South African areas which limits chances for success in social entrepreneurship. Statistics South Africa (2012) indicates that 71% of the unemployed are aged 25–34 and the unemployment rate among youth is 36%. About 3.3 million youth aged 15–34 are not employed or studying.[13] However, there are programs in place to circumvent the gap between knowledge of business and the action of creating entrepreneurship. Youth Empowerment Service (YES) is the first social initiative between government and business which seeks out groundbreaking ways, through innovation and technology to create one million jobs for South Africa's youth.[14] Junior Achievement (JA) Youth Enterprise Development Program, a richly layered educational experience that takes passionate achievers from the ages of 18 to 35 and teaches them how to establish a sustainable business.[15] The SAB Foundation Tholoana Enterprise Development Program invests in entrepreneurs with a particular emphasis on women, youth, people in rural areas and entrepreneurs with a disability.[16] All of these foundations are critical to the success of businesses in South Africa.

Obstacles

Policy

The challenges facing South Africa are immense: it is a relatively young democratic, highly inegalitarian country, with enormous socio-economic problems. Jobs are not being created in the South African labour market at a fast enough rate and there is an expectation from school-leavers that they must find work in the corporate world with scant attention given to creating their own businesses.[17] An uncertainty of laws and policies correlate to the difficulty of starting a South African-based company. Laws and policies are intended to inspire public trust and respect, and their enforcement requires an effective supporting institution such as the judiciary. Therefore, any inconsistencies by the judiciary in enforcing laws create public mistrust and diminishes its respectability however well-intended it is.[18] Bureaucratic intervention and corruption lead to government agencies forming certain manipulations of the systems for their profit. Quite often, small businesses are the worst victims as they tend to have less knowledge of and involvement in the drafting of new regulations.[19] The creative brilliance of the lead entrepreneur and the quality, maturity, and depth of the entrepreneurial team significantly influence the success of a venture. However, high levels of uncertainty of laws and policies and other forms of institutional obstacles requiring fluid adaptive responses discourage initiative, weakens perseverance and resilience and confuses risk-reduction strategy.[20] The South African entrepreneurial environment is marked by a combination of negative factors a mix of institutional, political and economic problems at the domestic level, superimposed by regional political instability such as the war in the Congo and adverse international economic forces like the instability of emerging markets. Any category of these forces could alone spur negative sentiments in domestic and foreign investors based on their believed risk levels. But it is the convergence of all these forces that has provided a thick veil of unfavourable perception about South Africa.[20]

Capacity Building

Business Incubators

South Africa is investing in business incubators to encourage entrepreneurs and citizens alike to increase their entrepreneurial ventures. Lack of skills and expertise, funding challenges, technology and access to business networks are the reasons why entrepreneurs join business incubators.[21] In order to be successful in their entrepreneurial ventures, entrepreneurs should have skills and expertise in the industry in which they operate, and should be able to identify gaps and opportunities in the market and take advantage of them.[22] Financial institutions are quite nervous to lend money to new businesses owing to the risk of failure associated with them; entrepreneurs should find a founding partner who will act as a mentor, as well as give access to funding.[23] Financial institutions are quite nervous to lend money to new businesses owing to the risk of failure associated with them; entrepreneurs should find a founding partner who will act as a mentor, as well as give access to funding. Most entrepreneurs lack the necessary resources that are required to successfully run their business. This can be achieved through business incubator support, as it is easy for them to obtain funding from investors, banking institutions and the government.

References

  1. ^ a b "Small Enterprise Development Agency". www.seda.org.za. Retrieved 30 June 2019.
  2. ^ Bendile, Dineo (3 February 2017). "Lindiwe Zulu laments inadequate budget". The M&G Online. Retrieved 30 June 2019.
  3. ^ "National Development Plan 2030 | South African Government". www.gov.za. Retrieved 30 June 2019.
  4. ^ "Four new ministries tackle key issues". www.iol.co.za. 6 May 2014. Retrieved 30 June 2019.
  5. ^ Hogg, Alec (25 May 2014). "Full List of Jacob Zuma's 2014 cabinet - all the Ministers and Deputies". BizNews.com. Retrieved 30 June 2019.
  6. ^ a b c Phungula, Willem (28 November 2018). "ZULU FIGHTS FOR SMALL BUSINESS!". DailySun. Retrieved 30 June 2019.
  7. ^ "Ramaphosa's new Cabinet: Here's who was tasked with turning around SA's economy". Fin24. 29 May 2019. Retrieved 30 June 2019.
  8. ^ Moffett, Shannon; Shahidi, Hosseinali; Sule, Harsh; Lamba, Sangeeta (2019). "Social Determinants of Health Curriculum Integrated Into a Core Emergency Medicine Clerkship". MedEdPORTAL. 15: 10789. doi:10.15766/mep_2374-8265.10789. ISSN 2374-8265. PMC 6354789. PMID 30800989.
  9. ^ Peredo, Ana María; Chrisman, James J. (April 2006). "Toward a Theory of Community-Based Enterprise". Academy of Management Review. 31 (2): 309–328. doi:10.5465/amr.2006.20208683. ISSN 0363-7425. S2CID 144555213.
  10. ^ Dees, J. Gregory (6 February 2018), "The Meaning of Social Entrepreneurship 1 , 2", Case Studies in Social Entrepreneurship and Sustainability, Routledge, pp. 22–30, doi:10.4324/9781351278560-5, ISBN 9781351278560
  11. ^ Fotheringham, Sarah; Saunders, Chad (28 October 2014). "Social enterprise as poverty reducing strategy for women". Social Enterprise Journal. 10 (3): 176–199. doi:10.1108/sej-06-2013-0028. ISSN 1750-8614.
  12. ^ a b Boateng, Amanobea (12 October 2017), "Social Entrepreneurship and the Possible Intersect with Female Entrepreneurship", African Female Entrepreneurship, Springer International Publishing, pp. 103–125, doi:10.1007/978-3-319-65846-9_4, ISBN 9783319658452
  13. ^ "Factors influencing the Perceptions of youth entrepreneurship development in South Africa". Problems and Perspectives in Management. 14 (2). 11 May 2016. doi:10.21511/ppm.14(2).2016. ISSN 1727-7051.
  14. ^ "Home". yes4youth. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  15. ^ "Youth Enterprise Development Programme – JASA". Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  16. ^ "Tholoana Enterprise Programme". SAB Foundation - It Starts Here. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  17. ^ Banerjee, Abhijit; Galiani, Sebastian; Levinsohn, Jim; McLaren, Zoë; Woolard, Ingrid (2008–2010). "Why has unemployment risen in the New South Africa?1". Economics of Transition. 16 (4): 715–740. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0351.2008.00340.x. hdl:2027.42/74834. ISSN 0967-0750. S2CID 33437467.
  18. ^ Sangmeister, Hartmut (1983–2012). "International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank: World development report 1982". Statistische Hefte. 24 (1): 161–166. doi:10.1007/bf02932499. ISSN 0039-0631. S2CID 124758278.
  19. ^ Brunetti, A.; Kisunko, G.; Weder, B. (1 September 1998). "Credibility of Rules and Economic Growth: Evidence from a Worldwide Survey of the Private Sector". The World Bank Economic Review. 12 (3): 353–384. doi:10.1093/wber/12.3.353. ISSN 0258-6770. S2CID 154265840.
  20. ^ a b Ahwireng-Obeng, Fred; Piaray, Desmond (30 September 1999). "Institutional obstacles to South African entrepreneurship". South African Journal of Business Management. 30 (3): 78–85. doi:10.4102/sajbm.v30i3.758. hdl:10419/218210. ISSN 2078-5976.
  21. ^ Lose, Thobekani; Tengeh, Robertson (22 October 2015). "The Sustainability and Challenges of Business Incubators in the Western Cape Province, South Africa". Sustainability. 7 (10): 14344–14357. doi:10.3390/su71014344. ISSN 2071-1050.
  22. ^ "South Africa", SMEs, Entrepreneurship and Innovation, OECD Studies on SMEs and Entrepreneurship, OECD, 20 May 2010, pp. 126–127, doi:10.1787/9789264080355-46-en, ISBN 9789264080317
  23. ^ Stott, Ryan Neill; Stone, Merlin; Fae, Jane (3 October 2016). "Business models in the business-to-business and business-to-consumer worlds – what can each world learn from the other?". Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing. 31 (8): 943–954. doi:10.1108/jbim-10-2016-267. ISSN 0885-8624.
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Minister of Small Business Development
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