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Clifford Lincoln

Clifford Lincoln
Member of Parliament
for Lac-Saint-Louis
Lachine—Lac-Saint-Louis; (1993-1997)
In office
October 25, 1993 – June 28, 2004
Preceded byRobert Layton
Succeeded byFrancis Scarpaleggia
Member of the National Assembly of Quebec for Nelligan
In office
April 13, 1981 – September 25, 1989
Preceded byRiding Established
Succeeded byRussell Williams
Personal details
Born (1928-09-01) September 1, 1928 (age 95)
Political partyLiberal (federal)
Quebec Liberal (provincial)
OccupationInsurance Company Executive

Clifford Albert Lincoln (born September 1, 1928) is a Canadian politician who served as a member of the Quebec National Assembly, a provincial cabinet minister and a member of the House of Commons of Canada.

Lincoln was born in Mauritius to Francis Lincoln, a British colonial civil servant, and Régina De Baize. He studied insurance in Mauritius and in Cape Town, South Africa. He emigrated from the United States to Canada in 1958, settling first in Vancouver, British Columbia and then in Montreal, Quebec where he became an insurance company executive.

He was first elected to the Quebec National Assembly in 1981 as a member of the Liberal Party. When the Liberals formed government in 1985, Lincoln was appointed Minister of the Environment by Premier Robert Bourassa.

Lincoln and two other anglophone ministers resigned from cabinet in 1989, to protest the Bourassa government's language policy and its adoption of Bill 178,[1] which invoked the notwithstanding clause of the Canadian Constitution to require French to be the dominant language on commercial signs.[2]

He campaigned for the leadership of the Liberal Party of Canada in 1990. At the same time, he contested a by-election in the federal electoral district of Chambly. He lost the by-election to Phil Edmonston of the New Democratic Party and then withdrew from the Liberal leadership contest.[3]

He was elected to Parliament in the 1993 federal election in the district of Lachine—Lac-Saint-Louis and was re-elected in Lac-Saint-Louis in 1997 and 2000. He served as parliamentary secretary to Sheila Copps, the Deputy Prime Minister and the Minister of the Environment from 1993 until 1996. He also served as Chairman of the Standing Committee on Canadian Heritage from 1997 until 2004. As such he wrote a report on Canadian broadcasting, Our Cultural Sovereignty: The Second Century of Canadian Broadcasting; its recommendations were largely ignored by the government.

Lincoln retired from politics at the 2004 federal election and was appointed Chairman of the Panel on Access to Third-language Public Television Services[4] by the federal government.

As of 2007, Lincoln is President of the Board of Directors of the English Speaking Catholic Council of Quebec.[5] In December 2012, he released Toward New Horizons, a memoir of his life in politics.

Electoral record (incomplete)

1993 Canadian federal election: Lachine—Lac-Saint-Louis
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Clifford Lincoln 39,732 67.45
Bloc Québécois Guy Amyot 12,014 20.40
Progressive Conservative Nick di Tomaso 4,717 8.01
New Democratic Val Udvarhely 822 1.40
Independent Bill Shaw 618 1.05
Natural Law Ronald Bessette 559 0.95
Libertarian Jim Wiebe 191 0.32
Commonwealth of Canada Claude Brosseau 169 0.29
Abolitionist Michael Robinson 81 0.14
Total valid votes 58,903 100.00
Source: Parliament of Canada.
Bill Shaw was a candidate of the unregistered Equality Party of Canada. Source:[6]


  1. ^ "Clifford LINCOLN - Documents on the Controversy Surrounding the Language of Commercial Signs in Quebec (Bill 178) December 1988 - Quebec History". Archived from the original on 2005-11-19. Retrieved 2005-12-26.
  2. ^ "The Legal Clauses at Issue - Documents on the Controversy Surrounding the Language of Commercial Signs in Quebec (Bill 178) December 1988 - Quebec History". Archived from the original on 2005-11-19. Retrieved 2005-12-26.
  3. ^ "History of Federal Ridings since 1867". Archived from the original on 2009-06-09. Retrieved 2009-10-11.
  4. ^ Canada Gazette Part II, Vol. 138, No. 17 Archived 2012-03-06 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Reasonable accommodation and religious freedom in Quebec". Archived from the original on 2012-11-03. Retrieved 2007-12-15.
  6. ^ Ann Carroll, "Lachine-Lac St. Louis race pits neophytes against some veteran politicians," Montreal Gazette, 30 September 1993, H6.


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Clifford Lincoln
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