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Gérard D. Levesque

Gérard D.[1] Levesque[2] (May 2, 1926 – November 17, 1993) was a longtime Quebec politician and Cabinet minister, who twice served as interim leader of the Quebec Liberal Party.

Levesque was first elected to what is now called the Quebec National Assembly in the riding of Bonaventure in 1956 and sat in the legislature continuously until the end of his life. Under Premier Jean Lesage he served as minister of housing and fisheries and then as minister for trade. In the first cabinet of Robert Bourassa, who came to power in 1970, he served in various capacities including minister of trade, Minister of Justice and deputy premier.

After the defeat of the Bourassa government in 1976, Levesque served as Leader of the opposition until 1979, while leaders Robert Bourassa and then Claude Ryan were without parliamentary seats. Levesque was noted for his fierce opposition to what was introduced as Bill 1, the Charter of the French Language; his procedural wrangling meant it had to be eventually reintroduced as Bill 101. Levesque was also interim leader of the party between Bourassa's resignation and the election of Ryan. Levesque again served as Leader of the Opposition and acting leader of the party from August 1982 to September 1983 after the resignation of Ryan and until the return of Bourassa for his second stint as party leader.

In the second Bourassa government, elected in 1985, Levesque served as minister of finance, a position he held until his death in 1993 at the age of 67.

In popular culture

The name of the fictional character Gérard D. Laflaque, protagonist of the satirical TV program Et Dieu créa... Laflaque, is a variation of his name.

Bibliography

Lambert, Serge (1992). Gérard D. Levesque, le maître politique. Sainte-Foy: GID Design. ISBN 978-2-9802952-0-1. OCLC 26930803.

References

  1. ^ He was universally known as "Gérard D." during his lifetime and contemporary newspaper articles did not omit the middle initial. Various other attestations include:
  2. ^ His last name is sometimes given with the more common spelling for this surname, Lévesque (with acute accent), but authoritative sources omit the accent. Many other persons with this last name spell it with an accent, for instance René Lévesque. However, various sources attest to the lack of accent on his last name, including:
National Assembly of Quebec Preceded byHenri Jolicoeur (Union Nationale) MNA, District of Bonaventure 1956–1993 Succeeded byMarcel Landry (PQ) Political offices Preceded byJacques-Yvan Morin Leader of the Opposition in Quebec 1976–1979 Succeeded byClaude Ryan Preceded byClaude Ryan Leader of the Opposition in Quebec 1982–1985 Succeeded byRobert Bourassa Preceded byMichel Gratton (Liberal) Official Opposition House Leader 1985–1985 Succeeded byGuy Chevrette (PQ) Preceded byBernard Landry Minister of Finance (Quebec) 1985–1993 Succeeded byMonique Gagnon-Tremblay VacantTitle last held byPierre Laporte Deputy Premier of Quebec 1972–1976 Succeeded byJacques-Yvan Morin
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Gérard D. Levesque
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