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Batang Hari River

Batang Hari River
Batang Hari, Sungai Batanghari, Djambi-rivier
The Batang Hari photographed during the 1877–79 Sumatra Expedition
Batang Hari River is located in Sumatra
Batang Hari River
Location of river mouth
Batang Hari River is located in Indonesia
Batang Hari River
Batang Hari River (Indonesia)
ProvinceWest Sumatra, Jambi
RegencySolok Regency, South Solok Regency, Dharmasraya Regency, Bungo Regency, Tebo Regency, Batang Hari Regency, Muaro Jambi Regency, East Tanjung Jabung Regency, Jambi City
Physical characteristics
SourceMount Rasan
 • locationSolok Regency, West Sumatra
MouthMalacca Strait
 • location
East Tanjung Jabung Regency, Jambi
Length800 km (500 mi)[1]
Basin size44,890 km2 (17,330 sq mi)[2] 46,504 km2 (17,955 sq mi)[1]
 • locationBatang Hari Delta, Malacca Strait
 • average(Period of data: 1992–2016)2,556 m3/s (90,300 cu ft/s)[2]

(Period of data: 2016–2020)2,819 m3/s (99,600 cu ft/s)[3]

2,643 m3/s (93,300 cu ft/s)[1]

The Batang Hari (Indonesian: Sungai Batanghari) is the longest river in Sumatra island,[4] Indonesia, about 600 kilometres (370 mi) northwest of the capital Jakarta.[5]


The river originates in the Minangkabau Highlands, home of the Minangkabau people, and flows to the east coast of Sumatra. Trans-Sumatran Highway (AH25) crosses the river at the city of Jambi which is located near the mouth of the river. The Batang Hari is used by the local population for fishing, transportation, mining, and personal hygiene.[6]


The river flows in the central area of Sumatra with a predominantly tropical rainforest climate (designated as Af in the Köppen–Geiger climate classification).[7] The annual average temperature in the area is 23 °C (73 °F). The warmest month is April, when the average temperature is around 24 °C (75 °F), and the coldest is January, at 22 °C (72 °F).[8] The average annual rainfall is 2383–3183 mm.[9] The wettest month is December, with an average of 344 mm (13.5 in) rainfall, and the driest is August, with 90 mm rainfall.[10]

See also


  1. ^ a b c "".
  2. ^ a b Müller-Dum, Denise; Warneke, Thorsten; Rixen, Tim; Müller, Moritz; Baum, Antje; Christodoulou, Aliki; Oakes, Joanne; Eyre, Bradley D.; Notholt, Justus (2019). "Impact of peatlands on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from the Rajang River and Estuary, Malaysia". Biogeosciences. 16 (1): 17–32. Bibcode:2019BGeo...16...17M. doi:10.5194/bg-16-17-2019. S2CID 203167471.
  3. ^ "Floating marine debris along Indonesian coasts" (PDF).
  4. ^ "Reviving Batanghari's heyday". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
  5. ^ Sungai Batang Hari at (cc-by); Last updated 2013-06-04; Database dump downloaded 2015-11-27
  6. ^ "Uses of the Batanghari River". Sumatran Feet. 2011-06-13. Retrieved 2018-04-23.
  7. ^ Peel, M C; Finlayson, B L; McMahon, T A (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification". Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. 11 (5): 1633–1644. Bibcode:2007HESS...11.1633P. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  8. ^ "NASA Earth Observations Data Set Index". NASA. 30 January 2016. Archived from the original on 10 May 2020. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  9. ^ "LAKIP 2015". Retrieved 2022-10-12.
  10. ^ "NASA Earth Observations: Rainfall (1 month – TRMM)". NASA/Tropical Rainfall Monitoring Mission. 30 January 2016. Archived from the original on 19 April 2019. Retrieved 19 January 2019.

Media related to Batang Hari River at Wikimedia Commons

1°03′43″S 104°12′25″E / 1.06194°S 104.20694°E / -1.06194; 104.20694

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Batang Hari River
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