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2005 Galician regional election

2005 Galician regional election

← 2001 19 June 2005 2009 →

All 75 seats in the Parliament of Galicia
38 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered2,616,811 1.9%
Turnout1,680,202 (64.2%)
4.0 pp
  First party Second party Third party
Leader Manuel Fraga Emilio Pérez Touriño Anxo Quintana
Leader since 1989 10 October 1998 23 November 2003
Leader's seat Lugo Pontevedra Ourense
Last election 41 seats, 51.6% 17 seats, 21.8% 17 seats, 22.6%
Seats won 37 25 13
Seat change 4 8 4
Popular vote 756,562 555,603 311,954
Percentage 45.2% 33.2% 18.7%
Swing 6.4 pp 11.4 pp 3.9 pp

Constituency results map for the Parliament of Galicia

President before election

Manuel Fraga

Elected President

Emilio Pérez Touriño

The 2005 Galician regional election was held on Sunday, 19 June 2005, to elect the 7th Parliament of the autonomous community of Galicia. All 75 seats in the Parliament were up for election.


Electoral system

The Parliament of Galicia was the devolved, unicameral legislature of the autonomous community of Galicia, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution and the Galician Statute of Autonomy, as well as the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a regional president.[1] Voting for the Parliament was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over 18 years of age, registered in Galicia and in full enjoyment of their political rights.

The 75 members of the Parliament of Galicia were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with an electoral threshold of five percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Seats were allocated to constituencies, corresponding to the provinces of A Coruña, Lugo, Ourense and Pontevedra, with each being allocated an initial minimum of 10 seats and the remaining 35 being distributed in proportion to their populations.[1][2]

As a result of the aforementioned allocation, each Parliament constituency was entitled the following seats:

Seats Constituencies
24 A Coruña
22 Pontevedra
15 Lugo
14 Ourense

The use of the D'Hondt method might result in a higher effective threshold, depending on the district magnitude.[3]

Election date

The term of the Parliament of Galicia expired four years after the date of its previous election, unless it was dissolved earlier. The election decree was required to be issued no later than the twenty-fifth day prior to the date of expiry of parliament and published on the following day in the Official Journal of Galicia (DOG), with election day taking place between the fifty-fourth and the sixtieth day from publication. The previous election was held on 21 October 2001, which meant that the legislature's term would have expired on 21 October 2005. The election decree was required to be published in the DOG no later than 27 September 2005, with the election taking place up to the sixtieth day from publication, setting the latest possible election date for the Parliament on Saturday, 26 November 2005.[1][2]

The president had the prerogative to dissolve the Parliament of Galicia and call a snap election, provided that it did not occur before one year had elapsed since a previous dissolution under this procedure. In the event of an investiture process failing to elect a regional president within a two-month period from the first ballot, the Parliament was to be automatically dissolved and a fresh election called.[4]

Parties and candidates

The electoral law allowed for parties and federations registered in the interior ministry, coalitions and groupings of electors to present lists of candidates. Parties and federations intending to form a coalition ahead of an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election call, whereas groupings of electors needed to secure the signature of at least one percent of the electorate in the constituencies for which they sought election, disallowing electors from signing for more than one list of candidates.[2][5]

Below is a list of the main parties and electoral alliances which contested the election:

Candidacy Parties and
Leading candidate Ideology Previous result Gov. Ref.
Votes (%) Seats
Manuel Fraga Conservatism
Christian democracy
51.62% 41 checkY
BNG Anxo Quintana Galician nationalism
Left-wing nationalism
22.58% 17 ☒N
Emilio Pérez Touriño Social democracy 21.83% 17 ☒N

Opinion polls

The table below lists voting intention estimates in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. If a tie ensues, this is applied to the figures with the highest percentages. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the parties with the highest percentages in a poll. When available, seat projections determined by the polling organisations are displayed below (or in place of) the percentages in a smaller font; 38 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Parliament of Galicia.

Color key:

  Poll conducted after legal ban on opinion polls   Exit poll



Summary of the 19 June 2005 Parliament of Galicia election results
Parties and alliances Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 756,562 45.23 –6.39 37 –4
Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdeG–PSOE) 555,603 33.22 +11.39 25 +8
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 311,954 18.65 –3.93 13 –4
United Left (EU–IU) 12,419 0.74 +0.06 0 ±0
Galician People's Front (FPG) 2,982 0.18 –0.03 0 ±0
Party of Self-employed and Professionals (AUTONOMO) 2,840 0.17 –0.12 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 2,412 0.14 New 0 ±0
We–People's Unity (Nós–UP) 1,749 0.10 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 1,429 0.09 –0.18 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 1,081 0.06 New 0 ±0
Ourensan Democracy (DO) 623 0.04 New 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 550 0.03 New 0 ±0
People's Spanish Social Party (PSEP) 420 0.03 New 0 ±0
Republican Left–Galician Republican Left (IR–ERG) 405 0.02 New 0 ±0
Galician Identity (IG) 376 0.02 New 0 ±0
Social Democratic Party of Law (SDD) 239 0.01 –0.03 0 ±0
Blank ballots 20,912 1.25 –0.44
Total 1,672,556 75 ±0
Valid votes 1,672,556 99.54 +0.24
Invalid votes 7,646 0.46 –0.24
Votes cast / turnout 1,680,202 64.21 +4.05
Abstentions 936,609 35.79 –4.05
Registered voters 2,616,811
Popular vote
Blank ballots

Distribution by constituency

Constituency PP PSdeG BNG
% S % S % S
A Coruña 42.9 11 33.2 8 20.5 5
Lugo 48.9 8 34.5 5 14.5 2
Ourense 50.8 8 30.9 4 16.3 2
Pontevedra 44.1 10 33.6 8 19.2 4
Total 45.2 37 33.2 25 18.7 13


Emilio Pérez Touriño (PSdeG)
Ballot → 29 July 2005
Required majority → 38 out of 75 checkY
38 / 75
  • PP (37)
37 / 75
0 / 75
0 / 75


Opinion poll sources
  1. ^ a b c "LOS SONDEOS: Fallan con Fraga y Quintana; aciertan con Touriño". Libertad Digital (in Spanish). 19 June 2005.
  2. ^ "PP gana elecciones pero pierde mayoría absoluta, según sondeos". Nació (in Spanish). 19 June 2005.
  3. ^ "El PP pierde la mayoría absoluta en Galicia, con el 97,2% de los votos escrutados". ABC (in Spanish). 19 June 2005.
  4. ^ "El voto de la emigración decidirá si Fraga recupera la mayoría o pierde el poder". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 19 June 2005.
  5. ^ a b c d "Elecciones Autonómicas 2005" (PDF). Infortécnica (in Spanish). 13 June 2005.
  6. ^ a b c "Las encuestas publicadas este domingo en la prensa de Galicia mantienen la incertidumbre sobre si el PP obtendrá la mayoría absoluta (38 escaños), necesaria para continuar en el Gobierno". El Confidencial (in Spanish). 12 June 2005.
  7. ^ a b "Las encuestas ponen a Fraga al límite de la mayoría absoluta". 20 minutos (in Spanish). 12 June 2005.
  8. ^ "El PP de Fraga afronta la última semana de campaña sin mayoría absoluta". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 13 June 2005.
  9. ^ a b "Intención de voto elecciones autonómicas 2005. Total Galicia (Pulsómetro 13/06/2005)". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 13 June 2005. Archived from the original on 15 June 2005. Retrieved 19 May 2020.
  10. ^ "Pulsómetro / El PP sigue sin alcanzar la mayoría absoluta". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 12 June 2005.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Barómetro diario. Elecciones Gallegas 2005". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 13 June 2005. Archived from the original on 2005-06-13.
  12. ^ "Pulsómetro / El PP perdería hoy la mayoría absoluta con claridad". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 11 June 2005.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h "Intención de voto elecciones autonómicas 2005. Total Galicia (Pulsómetro 11/06/2005)". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 11 June 2005. Archived from the original on 13 June 2005. Retrieved 19 May 2020.
  14. ^ "El PP, con 35 escaños, perdería su actual mayoría absoluta en las elecciones gallegas". ABC (in Spanish). 12 June 2005.
  15. ^ "El PP no asegura la mayoría absoluta ante el ascenso del PSdeG y el leve retroceso del BNG". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 12 June 2005.
  16. ^ "Fraga se situaría cuatro escaños por debajo de la mayoría absoluta". Diario de León (in Spanish). 11 June 2005.
  17. ^ "Fraga sigue al borde de la mayoría absoluta". La Razón (in Spanish). 12 June 2005. Archived from the original on 2005-06-13.
  18. ^ "Fraga se aleja de la mayoría absoluta en la recta final del 19-J". El País (in Spanish). 12 June 2005.
  19. ^ "El PP se aleja de la mayoría absoluta". El País (in Spanish). 12 June 2005.
  20. ^ "Las encuestas no se ponen de acuerdo en los resultados y dan a Fraga entre 34 y 39 escaños". Libertad Digital (in Spanish). 12 June 2005.
  21. ^ "El PP aún puede conservar Galicia, pero el 70% quería otro candidato". El Mundo (in Spanish). 12 June 2005.
  22. ^ "El PSdG supera por primera vez en intención de voto al PP en la provincia de A Coruña". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 8 June 2005.
  23. ^ "Fraga revalidaría la mayoría absoluta con un ajustado triunfo sobre la alianza PSdG-BNG". Libertad Digital (in Spanish). 11 June 2005.
  24. ^ Díaz de Rada Igúzquiza, Vidal (2010). Comparación entre los resultados proporcionados por encuestas telefónicas y personales: el caso de un estudio electoral. CIS. p. 128. ISBN 9788474764956.
  25. ^ "El PP sube por segundo día consecutivo aunque no alcanza la mayoría absoluta, según el cuarto Pulsómetro". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 6 June 2005.
  26. ^ "Preelectoral de Galicia. Elecciones autonómicas 2005 (Estudio nº 2608. Mayo-Junio 2005)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 10 June 2005.
  27. ^ "Estudio CIS nº 2608. Ficha técnica" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 10 June 2005.
  28. ^ "El CIS pronostica que a Fraga le faltarán entre 2 y 4 escaños para la mayoría absoluta". ABC (in Spanish). 11 June 2005.
  29. ^ "El PP recupera posiciones y el PSOE frena su ascenso, según el tercer Pulsómetro". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 5 June 2005.
  30. ^ "El Pulsómetro de la SER elaborado por el Instituto Opina da al PPdeG entre 35 y 35 diputados en las elecciones del 19-J, lo que implica una ligera recuperación respecto a los datos del CIS. El Barómetro de La Voz de Galicia da una bajada al PPdeG de los actuales 41 escaños a 36". Galicia Digital (in Spanish). 5 June 2005.
  31. ^ "El PP arranca la campaña gallega sin mayoría absoluta". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 3 June 2005.
  32. ^ "Intención de voto elecciones autonómicas 2005. Total Galicia (Pulsómetro 03/06/2005)". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 3 June 2005. Archived from the original on 4 June 2005. Retrieved 19 May 2020.
  33. ^ "El primer sondeo del barómetro diario de La Voz deja al PP sin mayoría absoluta". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 4 June 2005.
  34. ^ "El PP perdería hoy la mayoría absoluta en el Parlamento por dos escaños". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 20 May 2005.
  35. ^ "Situación política y social de Galicia, IX (Estudio nº 2603. Abril-Mayo 2005)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 31 May 2005.
  36. ^ "Estudio CIS nº 2603. Ficha técnica" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 31 May 2005.
  37. ^ "El CIS deja en minoría a Fraga y pregunta si el PP tenía que haberlo sustituido". ABC (in Spanish). 1 June 2005.
  38. ^ "Los sondeos mantienen al PP muy cerca de la mayoría absoluta en Galicia". Libertad Digital (in Spanish). 8 May 2005.
  39. ^ "Fraga se queda al borde de la mayoría absoluta". El País (in Spanish). 8 May 2005.
  40. ^ "Fraga visita Uruguay y Argentina". LaRed21 (in Spanish). 11 May 2005.
  41. ^ "Fraga tiene "casi asegurada" la mayoría absoluta en las elecciones del 19 de junio". Libertad Digital (in Spanish). 23 April 2005.
  42. ^ "Fraga aprovecha la confusión territorial del Gobierno para adelantar las gallegas al 19 de junio". ABC (in Spanish). 22 April 2005.
  43. ^ "Barómetro gallego, noviembre-diciembre 2004. Actitudes, valores y cultura política de los gallegos". USC (in Spanish). 27 January 2005. hdl:10347/8245.
  44. ^ "El barómetro de la Universidad de Santiago vaticina la pérdida de la mayoría absoluta del PP en Galicia". ABC (in Spanish). 27 January 2005.
  45. ^ "Confírmanse as expectativas de cambio político en Galiza". Vieiros (in Galician). 28 January 2005.
  46. ^ "Fraga perderá la mayoría absoluta, según un 'barómetro' electoral". El País (in Spanish). 28 January 2005.
  47. ^ "PSOE y BNG superarían en casi 12 puntos al PP si hoy se celebrasen elecciones". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 12 December 2004. Archived from the original on 21 December 2004. Retrieved 19 May 2020.
  48. ^ "El efecto Zapatero pierde fuelle y dispara el recelo de los gallegos". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 12 December 2004. Archived from the original on 21 December 2004. Retrieved 19 May 2020.
  49. ^ "Ampla vantaxe da suma PSOE-BNG e Quintana o único candidato con aprobado". Vieiros (in Galician). 12 December 2004.
  50. ^ "La crisis del "Prestige" situaría a día de hoy al PP fuera del Gobierno gallego". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 21 February 2003.
  51. ^ "Nunca Máis desplaza 1.200 autocares a la protesta de Madrid". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 23 February 2003.
  52. ^ "El PP frena su caída en intención de voto y logra una leve recuperación". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 19 October 2002.
  53. ^ "Instituciones y autonomías, II. CA de Galicia (Estudio nº 2455. Septiembre-Octubre 2002)". CIS (in Spanish). 19 November 2002.
  54. ^ "El PP, partido más votado en diez Comunidades Autónomas" (PDF). El Mundo (in Spanish). 19 November 2002.
  55. ^ "El PP ganaría las autonómicas en diez Comunidades y el PSOE en cuatro, según el CIS". ABC (in Spanish). 20 November 2002.
  56. ^ "El PP baja cuatro puntos en intención de voto y se queda en mínimos históricos". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 14 July 2002.
  57. ^ "Los gallegos aprueban al Gobierno Fraga y están satisfechos con la mejora de la economía". El Correo Galego (in Spanish). 3 May 2002. Archived from the original on 2002-06-19.
  58. ^ "PP y Bloque perderían un escaño en favor del PSdeG de haber elecciones". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 2 May 2002.
  59. ^ a b "El PSOE adelanta al BNG en intención de voto ante unas elecciones autonómicas". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 7 April 2002.
  60. ^ "La ciudadanía gallega cree que Manuel Fraga debe nombrar ahora a su sucesor". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 12 January 2002.
  1. ^ a b c "Ley Orgánica 1/1981, de 6 de abril, de Estatuto de Autonomía para Galicia". Organic Law No. 1 of 6 April 1981 (in Spanish). Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "Ley 8/1985, de 13 de agosto, de elecciones al Parlamento de Galicia". Law No. 2 of 13 August 1985 (in Spanish). Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  3. ^ Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Archived from the original on 2017-07-30. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  4. ^ "Ley 1/1983, de 22 de febrero, de normas reguladoras de la Xunta y su Presidencia". Law No. 1 of 22 February 1983 (in Spanish). Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  5. ^ "Ley Orgánica 5/1985, de 19 de junio, del Régimen Electoral General". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985 (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  6. ^ a b c "Elecciones al Parlamento de Galicia (1981 - 2020)". Historia (in Spanish). Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  7. ^ a b "Parliament of Galicia election results, 19 June 2005" (PDF). (in Spanish). Central Electoral Commission. 13 July 2005. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
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2005 Galician regional election
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