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Yandell Henderson

Yandell Henderson testifying in 1932 before a U.S. Senate subcommittee that beers containing 3-4 vol.% alcohol were not intoxicating

Yandell Henderson (April 23, 1873 – February 18, 1944) was an American physiologist. [1][2] The New York Times called him an "expert on gases" and "an authority on the physiology of respiration and circulation and on pharmacology and toxicology of gases".[2] He was also noted for new methods in resuscitation.[1][2] Henderson was a director of the Yale Laboratory of Applied Physiology at Yale University,[1][2] a member of the National Academy of Sciences,[1] chairman of the section of physiology and pathology of the American Medical Association.[3] He was also a member of the American Philosophical Society.[1] A collection of his papers are held at the National Library of Medicine in Bethesda, Maryland.[4]

Beyond his scientific contributions, Henderson acted as a leading advocate of public health, especially in his opposition to the use of tetraethyl lead in gasoline in the early 1920s.[5][6] Though he did not succeed in preventing its commercialization, his warnings predicted the public health consequences that would result. Fifty years later, in 1973, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency issued regulations controlling the lead content of gasoline. He was a member of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences.


  1. ^ a b c d e West, John B. (1988) "Yandell Henderson" in Biographical Memoirs Vol. 74. American Academies Press
  2. ^ a b c d DR. HENDERSON, 70, PHYSIOLOGIST, DIESi .; Director of Yale Laboratory, I '". Expert on Gases, Devised I " Methods of Revival I. New York Times. February 20, 1944
  3. ^ Paul, John R. (1946). "Yandell Henderson". Trans Am Clin Climatol Assoc. 58: li–lii. PMC 2242328.
  4. ^ "Yandell Henderson papers on the merit of a resuscitation apparatus 1911-1944". National Library of Medicine.
  5. ^ Loeb, Alan P. (Winter 1999). "Paradigms Lost: A Case Study Analysis of Models of Corporate Responsibility for the Environment" (PDF). Business and Economic History. 28 (2). Business History Conference: 95. ISSN 0894-6825. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
  6. ^ Rosner, David; Markowitz, Gerald (April 1985). "A 'Gift of God'?: The Public Health Controversy over Leaded Gasoline during the 1920s". American Journal of Public Health. 75 (4): 344–352. doi:10.2105/ajph.75.4.344. PMC 1646253. PMID 2579591.
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Yandell Henderson
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