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Yamaha XT 600

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The original 34L version of the XT600Z Ténéré distinguishable by the vertical blocks on the tank.

The Yamaha XT 600 is a motorcycle manufactured by Japanese motorcycle manufacturer Yamaha. It was built from 1984 to 2003 in different versions.

Model history

The XT 600 is considered to be an all-purpose Enduro, which is suitable for use on the road as well as off-road driving. Its disc brakes, four-valve engine, mono-shock absorber (mono Cross) and contemporary 12-volt electrics represented significant improvements over the 1975 model Yamaha XT 500.

Second generation 1VJ Ténéré in the Sahara. Note the sawn-off mudguard to help cool the vulnerable cylinder head on early 1VJs

The first XT 600 was introduced in June 1983, the XT 600ZL Ténéré [34L] based on the Yamaha XT550 engine, kick start only, with the 30-Litre white tank. In 1984 the basic XT 600 was introduced to "replace" the XT 550. In addition to the changes in design, the main difference was an 11.5-litre tank instead of the 30-litre long-range 600ZL Ténéré's tank; the road model Yamaha SRX was derived later. In 1991, the somewhat obsolete XT600Z Ténéré was replaced by the water-cooled, five-valve Yamaha XTZ 660, which did not manage to carry over the legendary reputation of its air-cooled predecessors.

Over the years, the XT was built in 600 different variants which, however, usually only look different. The most important change of the XT 600 which had only been using a kick start was in 1990; the XT 600 E was presented as a new model with a more contemporary design, chrome-plated steel wheel instead of aluminum wheels, now without a tachometer, with the exhaust as the supporting frame member, a 13.9-litre tank and an electric starter. In addition, the oil tank, which was previously located under the left side cover, was moved forward behind the steering head between the frame and girder bridge. Due to high demand, the XT 600 K, which featured a kick-starter, but was otherwise structurally identical to the XT 600 E model, was introduced to the market; the series ran until 1995. Due to more stringent emissions requirements, the power of the XT 600 E, which had become the only available model, was reduced by 4 kW to 29 kW (39 hp), and a tachometer was reintegrated in the cockpit. The clutch actuation on the engine body was moved from the left to the right side, and the muffler was no longer part of the rear frame. The reliability of the XT unit was not harmed, as mileages of over 100,000 km and unopened motor are not uncommon.

The bike was eventually succeeded by several newer versions including XT660R (road-trail), XT660X (motard), and XT660Z Ténéré (adventure). Additionally, it inspired larger models, notably the adventure-styled XTZ750 Super Ténéré and XT1200Z Super Ténéré.

Points of interest: The 600ZL was known as this because it was a 600Z 34L. However this trend did not continue with the following 55W model in 1984/5, or it could have been known as 600ZW. The easiest way to distinguish a 34L from the near-identical (but in many small ways superior) 55W is that the latter has sloping speed blocks on the tank.

Technical data

  • Type: 3UW Year 94
  • Empty weight: 163 kg (type 2KF, built in 1987 and 1989 for 153 kg)
  • Fork diameter 41 mm, 255 mm of travel front, 225 mm rear (type 2KF 235 mm rear)
  • Air-cooled four-stroke engine 4-valve
  • one cylinder, arranged vertically
  • Bore: 95 mm
  • Stroke: 84 mm
  • Displacement: 595 cm ³
  • Compression ratio: 8.5:1
  • Maximum speed: 141–155 km / h (depending on model)
  • Power: 27-46 hp (depending on restriction)
  • Chain drive
  • Seat height 33.9 in (861 mm)


Year Serial number designation performance
MY83-84 34L XT 600 ZL 20 to 33 kW (27–44 hp)
MY85 55W XT 600 Z 20 to 33 kW (27–44 hp)
MY84,85 47N EUR(Swiss) XT 600 Z
MY86-87 1VJ XT 600 Z 20 to 34 kW (27–46 hp)
MY88-90 3AJ XT 600 Z 20, 25 & 34 kW (27, 34 & 46 hp)
MY88-90 3DS (Swiss) XT 600 Z 28 - 32hp
Year Serial number designation performance
MY 84-86 43F XT 600 20 to 33 kW (27–44 hp)
MY 87-89 2KF XT 600 33 kW (44 hp)
MY 87-89 2NF XT 600 limited to 20 kW (27 hp)
MY 90-94 3UW XT 600 E and K limited to 20 kW (27 hp)
MY 90-94 3TB XT 600 E and K 33 kW (44 hp)
MY 95-97 3TB XT 600 E 25 to 29 kW (34–39 hp)
MY 97-99 VJ01 XT 600 E 25 to 29 kW (34–39 hp)
MY 99-03 DJ02 XT 600 E 25 to 29 kW (34–39 hp)
Designation Year Serial number Intended Market
XT 600 ZL 1983,84 39E AUS,EUR
XT 600 1984,85,86 43F USA,CAN,EUR
XT 600 1984,85,86 47N EUR(Swiss)
XT 600 S,T 1984,85,86,87 49L USA,AUS
XT 600 N,S,T 1984,85,86,87 49M USA
XT 600 L,N,S,T 1984,85,86,87 49N USA
XT 600 NC,LC 1984,85 49R USA
XT 600 SC 1986 49R USA
XT 600 TC 1987 49R USA
XT 600 1987 2KF USA,CAN
XT 600 N 1987 2NF USA,EUR(Germany)
XT 600 1988,89 2WJ EUR(Swiss)
XT 600 U 1988 2WK USA,CAN
XT 600 U,UC,W,WC 1989,90 3EW USA
XT 600 1989 2KF USA,CAN,EUR
XT 600 1989 2NF USA,CAN,EUR
XT 600 E 1990,91,92,93,94 3TB USA,CAN,EUR,OCE,JPN,OTH
XT 600 EN 1990,91,92,93 3UW EUR(Germany)
XT 600 E 1990,91,92,93,94 3UX USA,CAN,EUR
XT 600 AC 1990 3UY USA
XT 600 EA 1990 3UY USA
XT 600 E 1990,91,92,93,94,95 3UY USA
XT 600 BC 1991 3UY USA
XT 600 D,DC 1992 3UY USA
XT 600 EE,EC 1993 3UY USA
XT 600 EA 1990 3WR USA,CAN
XT 600 EB 1991 3WR USA,CAN
XT 600 E 1992 3WR USA,CAN
XT 600 EE 1993 3WR USA,CAN
XT 600 E 1994,95,96,97,98,99,00,01,02 3WR OCE,AUS
XT 600 (kick) 1991,92 3TB EUR(Spain,France)
XT 600 N(kick) 1991,92 3UW EUR(Germany)
XT 600 E 1995,96,97,98 3TB EUR
XT 600 KH 1993 3TB USA,CAN,EUR(France)
XT 600 KN 1992 3UW EUR(Germany)
XT 600 E 1994 3UW EUR
XT 600 E 1995,96,97,99,00,02 3UX EUR(Swiss)
XT 600 E 1996 4MW Brazil
XT 600 1994 3TB EUR
XT 600 E 1999,00,01,02 DJ021 EUR


  • Bucheli Publisher: Yamaha XT 600 Tenere / XT 600 from year 1983: Manual for care, maintenance and repair ISBN 3-7168-1789-9
  • Bucheli Publisher: Yamaha XT 600 E from 1990, ISBN 3-7168-1869-0
  • Yamaha Motor Co Ltd, 1st edition Apr 1983: Yamaha ZT600ZL Supplementary Service Manual serial# from 39E000101 Manual# 39E-28197-60
  • Yamaha Motor Co Ltd, 1st edition Dec 1983: Yamaha ZT600ZL Supplementary Service Manual serial# from 39E004101 Manual# 53R-28197-20


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Yamaha XT 600
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