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Wangjing (Beijing)

Wangjing Subdistrict
望京街道
Wangjing Subdistrict, 2016
Wangjing Subdistrict, 2016
Wangjing Subdistrict is located in Beijing
Wangjing Subdistrict
Wangjing Subdistrict
Wangjing Subdistrict is located in China
Wangjing Subdistrict
Wangjing Subdistrict
Coordinates: 39°59′29″N 116°27′48″E / 39.99139°N 116.46333°E / 39.99139; 116.46333 39°59′34″N 116°28′10″E / 39.99278°N 116.46944°E / 39.99278; 116.46944
CountryChina
MunicipalityBeijing
DistrictChaoyang
Village-level Divisions25 communities
Area
 • Total10.35 km2 (4.00 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total146,220
 • Density14,000/km2 (37,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
100102
Area code010

Wangjing subdistrict (Chinese: 望京街道; pinyin: Wàngjīng Jiēdào) is a subdistrict office in Chaoyang district, Beijing.[1] It borders Donghu Subdistrict to the north, Laiguangying Area and Datun Subdistrict to the west, Jiangtai area and Jiuxianqiao Subdistrict to the east, and Taiyanggong area to the south.[2]

Wangjing is a self-contained and multifunctional urban area that was newly developed in the northeast of central Beijing. It is under the jurisdiction of the Chaoyang District of Beijing, and in 2020 it has a population of 146,220.[3] In recent years, Wangjing is developing into a residential area with a diverse population, an area of new companies, and an area that gathers corporate headquarter. TOP500 companies, international businesses, as well as scientific research industries are building their offices in Wangjing.[4]

History

Origin of the Name

Wangjing has been the name for the area for at least nearly a thousand years of history. There are many provenances of how Wangjing was named that can be found in classical books and folklore.

One common resource is that Shen Kuo (1031-1095 AD) who is a scientist in the Northern Song Dynasty mentioned Wangjing in his book, Dream Pool Essays. He depicts that “there is a Wangjing Dun in the northeast of Beijing City.[5]

Another widely agreed reference is that the Qing Emperor, Qianlong, passed through Wangjing and saw the Dongzhihmen when he looked in the direction of the Beijing City. Qianlong was very happy and named this location Wangjing which means looking out to Beijing City. As the result, two villages in this area accepted the name Dawangjing Village and Xiaowangjing Village.[6]

Wangjing SOHO
POSCO Center in Wangjing

Development

Since the mid-1980s, most of the villages clusters on the west side of the Dawangjing Village and Xiaowangjing Village, such as Nanhu, Donghu, Houzhuang, and Xibanfang, have been transformed into residential areas such as the Huajiadi neighborhood and Wangjing New Town neighborhood. These residential areas established the spatial pattern of today's Wangjing. In 1997, the developer invited 200 Koreans to live in the Wangjing New Town neighborhood when the first phase of Wangjing New Town was ready to move in.[7]

In 2000, the Small Wangjing Village, located in the core of the planned area, began to transform into high-end office buildings, shopping malls, and residential buildings. In 2004, some of the TOP500 companies (Motorola, Nortel Networks, and Siemens) announced to set up headquarters in Wangjing.[8] In 2007 and 2008, the 123-meter-high Siemens Building[9] and the 140-meter-high Fangheng International Center[10] were completed successively, setting a new height record for the buildings in Wangjing.

In April 2009, the Dawangjing Village officially launched the old village reconstruction project. In December 2009, the Detailed Regulatory Planning of the Dawangjing Business District was approved by Beijing Municipal Government. In 2011, the Dawangjing Business District was listed as one of the ten key development bases of Chaoyang District during the 12th Five-Year Plan period.[11] Then it was named Dawangjing Science and Technology Business Innovation Zone.[12]

Korean shops in Wangjing, Beijing
A shop sign in Wangjing includes three languages which are Chinese, English, and Korean

Koreatown

Due to a large number of South Korean residents, Wangjing has also become known as Beijing's Koreatown. More than 70,000 South Koreans were living in the neighborhood in 2007.[13] From 2008 to 2017, the Korean population in Wangjing had decreased due to the economic crisis which causes higher rates of living expenses.[14]

Administrative Divisions

As of 2021, there are 25 communities within the subdistrict:[15]

Administrative Division Code Community (English) Community Name (Chinese)
110105026034 Huajiadi Xili 花家地西里
110105026035 Fangzhouyuan 方舟苑
110105026036 Daxiyang Xincheng 大西洋新城
110105026038 Wangjing Xiyuan Siqu 望京西园四区
110105026039 Nanhu Dongyuan 南湖东园
110105026040 Nanhu Xili 南湖西里
110105026041 Huajiadi 花家地
110105026042 Wanghualu Xili 望花路西里
110105026043 Wanghualu Dongli 望花路东里
110105026044 Huajiadi Nanli 花家地南里
110105026045 Nanhu Zhongyuan 南湖中园
110105026046 Huajiadi Xili Sanqu 花家地西里三区
110105026047 Huajiadi Beili 花家地北里
110105026048 Shengxing 圣星
110105026049 Shuangqiulu 爽秋路
110105026050 Nanhu Xiyuan 南湖西园
110105026051 Wangjing Xiyuan Sanqu 望京西园三区
110105026060 Wangjingyuan 望京园
110105026061 Nanhu Xiyuan Erqu 南湖西园二区
110105026062 Wangjing Dongyuan Wuqu 望京东园五区
110105026063 Furongjie 阜荣街
110105026064 Wangjing Xilu 望京西路
110105026065 Xiadu Yafeng 夏都雅园
110105026066 Guofeng 国风
110105026067 Baoxing 宝星

Geography

Location

Wangjing overlaps with the Wangjing sub-district office’s area of responsibility. It includes the East Lake sub-district office and part of the Cuigezhuang Township. It is a pentagonal and diamond-shaped area surrounded by the fourth Ring Road, the Beijing-Chengde Expressway, the fifth Ring Road, and the Airport Expressway. In a broad sense, it includes Jiuxianqiao, Taiyanggong, Laiguangying, and Dongba.[16] Wangjing is about 10 kilometers away from both the Beijing Capital International Airport and the center of The city (Tiananmen Square). It is located in the center of the six high-end functional areas planned and constructed in Beijing since the 11th Five-Year Plan.[17]

Environment

Beixiao River in Spring
Beixiao River in Winter

Wangjing area mainly features plain topography. In the north, the Beixiao River runs from west to east. There are mounds in the east which are probably the Wangjing Dun that was used for military affairs in the Ming Dynasty. On the west and south, there are more than ten connected parks and green spaces.[18]

Layout

The urban planning function of Wangjing in the early stage divided Wangjing into two parts which are the south part and the north part. The south part is called Wangjing New Town. Wangjing New Town is a comprehensive area with public facilities and residential buildings. The north part is named Wangjing Science and Technology Industrial Park which later forms the main body of East Lake Street. Overall, Wangjing can be roughly divided into four blocks with different characteristics which are businesses in the east, living in the west, education in the south, and science in the north.[19]

Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the resident population of Wangjing is about 300,000,[20] and there are a large number of residents in the entertainment industry, enterprise managers, employees of foreign companies, lawyers, doctors, journalists, and international businessmen. Wangjing has a large proportion of the middle class and younger age population.

As of 2010, many South Koreans moving to Beijing had settled in Wangjing. Most South Korean business people and their families in Beijing live in Wangjing. Hyejin Kim, the author of International Ethnic Networks and Intra-Ethnic Conflict: Koreans in China, wrote that the growth of Wangjing has eclipsed Wudaokou in Haidian District as a Korean area.[21]

Economy

Science and technology

Alibaba Group Beijing

Wangjing has a high concentration of industrial, scientific, and technological innovation companies. The former Wangjing Science and Technology Industrial Park has now expanded to the east and south of Wangjing and is collectively known as the West District of Electronic City. Its goal and mission are to establish China's Mobile Valley.[22] In October 2012, the State Council approved that the West District of Electronics City, including Dawangjing Business District, could be included in the Zhongguancun National Independent Innovation Demonstration Zone. Dawangjing Business District is positioned as an internationally influential science and technology business innovation zone, a gathering place for science and technology business activities, a gathering place for international science and technology companies, as well as an assembling place for modern service industry headquarters.[23]

Technology center

Posco China headquarters

Wangjing houses many technology companies, both small startup companies, as well as national, and large international corporations. Examples include:

Beijing Subway Line 15 Wangjing Station

Transportation

Wangjing is currently served by 4 subway stations—Wangjingxi station  13  15 , Wangjing station  14  15 , Futong station  14  and Wangjingnan station  14 . Line 17, which passes through Wangjingxi station, is scheduled to be opened by the end of 2023.

Wangjing West Transportation Hub, located at the southeast corner of the Jingcheng intersection and Huguang Middle Street, is under construction as of 2023. It is one of the 13 planned transportation hubs in Beijing. It provides transportation services for Beijing subway Line 13, Line 15, and Line 17. It is also in service of managing ground public transits, taxis, bicycles, and shuttles to Shunyi, Huairou, Miyun, and central Beijing.[25]

Architecture

Wangjing SOHO

Wangjing SOHO stands halfway between Beijing Capital International Airport and the city center. Designed by Zaha Hadid, the three towers, 387, 416, and 656 (200m) feet tall, are surrounded by a 196,850-square-foot public park in Wangjing, a tech business hub in northeast Beijing. It was commissioned by SOHO China.[26]

Education

Korean International School in Beijing
The Affiliated High School to UIBE (Formerly Beijing No. 94 Middle School)

There are primary schools, middle schools, and universities in Wangjing.

Primary schools, middle schools, and high schools

Universities

See also

References

  1. ^ "北京市朝阳区望京街道总工会". Retrieved 2022-04-26.
  2. ^ "望京地图_北京朝阳望京地图". uemap.com. Retrieved 2022-04-26.
  3. ^ 国家统计局, ed. (2020). 中国统计年鉴 [China statistical yearbook]. Vol. 39 (1st ed.). Beijing: 中国统计出版社. ISBN 978-7-5037-9225-0. OCLC 1262741013.
  4. ^ "美国安捷伦等8家500强企业中国总部落户望京_业界_科技时代_新浪网". tech.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 2022-04-26.
  5. ^ Shen, Kuo (1088). Dream Pool Essays. China.
  6. ^ "望京名称的由来- 北京本地宝". m.bj.bendibao.com (in Chinese (China)). Retrieved 2022-04-26.
  7. ^ "望京韩国住户第一人(图)_新闻中心_新浪网". 2020-05-08. Archived from the original on 2020-05-08. Retrieved 2022-04-26.
  8. ^ "美国安捷伦等8家500强企业中国总部落户望京_业界_科技时代_新浪网". tech.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 2022-04-26.
  9. ^ "西门子大厦 - 首页". ximenzidasha.cn. Retrieved 2022-04-26.
  10. ^ "方恒国际中心写字楼出租|办公室出租|租金价格|物业费停车费|电话地址|实景图片". www.jinglou8.com. Retrieved 2022-04-26.
  11. ^ "大望京:加速打造"第二CBD"_黄金楼市_新京报网". 2013-11-02. Archived from the original on 2013-11-02. Retrieved 2022-04-26.
  12. ^ "新京报 - 好新闻,无止境". www.bjnews.com.cn. Retrieved 2022-04-26.
  13. ^ Koreatown Grows in District of Beijing
  14. ^ sina_mobile (2019-10-26). "撤离望京的韩国人:回到韩国后发现北京无可代替". think.sina.cn. Retrieved 2022-04-26.
  15. ^ "2021年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码". www.stats.gov.cn. Retrieved 2022-09-25.
  16. ^ "朝阳区望京街道_行政区划信息参考". www.ajinshou.com. Retrieved 2022-04-26.
  17. ^ "2012朝阳区创新发展与世界城市论坛在望京圆满落幕 - 新华房产 - 新华网". 2013-11-19. Archived from the original on 2013-11-19. Retrieved 2022-04-26.
  18. ^ "北京市地形图,海拔,地势". topographic-map.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 2022-04-26.
  19. ^ "千龙新闻网——北京新闻网". 2013-11-04. Archived from the original on 2013-11-04. Retrieved 2022-04-26.
  20. ^ "北京朝阳". 2020-05-08. Archived from the original on 2020-05-08. Retrieved 2022-04-26.
  21. ^ Kim, Hyejin, unstated (PT146) on Google Books. "Since the announcement of the 2008 Beijing Olympics, South Koreans have eagerly begun to buy newly built apartments."
  22. ^ "经济参考网". jjckb.xinhuanet.com. Archived from the original on November 3, 2013. Retrieved 2022-04-26.
  23. ^ "朝阳区国民经济和社会发展第十二个五年规划纲要". 五年规划. 2011-02-18.
  24. ^ Invest in Beijing, Official Chinese Government Information about Wangjing Science and Technology Park
  25. ^ "望京西综合交通枢纽项目启动建设-业务信息-北京市发展和改革委员会". fgw.beijing.gov.cn. Retrieved 2022-04-26.
  26. ^ "Wangjing Soho". July 27, 2017. Retrieved March 5, 2021.
  27. ^ "对外经济贸易大学附属中学". www.bj94zhong.cn. Retrieved 2022-04-26.
  28. ^ "Korean International School In Beijing > Home". 2008-11-10. Archived from the original on 2008-11-10. Retrieved 2022-04-26.
  29. ^ "中国民航管理干部学院 学院概况".
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Wangjing (Beijing)
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