For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Vonones II.

Vonones II

Vonones II
King of Kings
Coin of Vonones II
King of Media Atropatene
Reign11 – 51
PredecessorArtabanus II
King of the Parthian Empire
PredecessorGotarzes II
SuccessorVologases I
Died51 AD
Spouse“Greek concubine” (paelex Graeca), mother of king Vologeses I[1]
IssueVologases I
Tiridates I of Armenia
DynastyArsacid dynasty
Fatherunnamed Dahae prince
Motherunnamed daughter of Phraates IV

Vonones II (died 51 AD) was a Parthian prince who ruled as king of Media Atropatene and briefly as king of the Parthian Empire.

Vonones was not from the ruling branch of the Arsacid royal family. His father was a Dahae prince, who was most likely descended from the former Arsacid monarch Mithridates II (r. 124–88 BC),[2][3] whilst his mother was a daughter of the Arsacid King of Kings Phraates IV (r. 37–2 BC).[3] Vonones II's brother was the Parthian King Artabanus II.[2]

From about 11 AD until 51 AD, Vonones II ruled as king of Media Atropatene,[4][5] a period about which little is known.

After the death of his nephew Gotarzes II, Vonones II became king of the Parthian Empire in 51 AD. However, he died a few months into his reign and was succeeded by his son, Vologases I. Tacitus wrote that Vonones II “knew neither success nor failure which have deserved to be remembered to him. It was a short and inglorious reign”.[4]

Vonones II had 3 sons who, respectively, held the thrones of Parthia, Media Atropatene and Armenia: Pacorus,[6] Vologases I,[4] and Tiridates I.[7]


  1. ^ Tacitus (Ann. 12.44.2)
  2. ^ a b Olbrycht 2016, p. 24.
  3. ^ a b Olbrycht 2014, pp. 94–96.
  4. ^ a b c Tacitus, Annals, 12.14
  5. ^ Bunson, A Dictionary of the Roman Empire, p.454
  6. ^ Schippmann 1987, p. 221–224.
  7. ^ Tacitus, Annals, 13.7


  • Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, xx, 3, 4.
  • Tacitus, Annals
  • Meyer, Eduard (1911). "Vonones s.v. Vonones II." . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 211.
  • M. Bunson, A Dictionary of the Roman Empire, Oxford University Press, 1995
  • W. Woodthorpe Tarn, The Greeks in Bactria and India, Cambridge University Press, 2010
  • Olbrycht, Marek Jan (2014). "The Genealogy of Artabanos II (AD 8/9–39/40), King of Parthia". Miscellanea Anthropologica et Sociologica. 15 (3): 92–97.
  • Olbrycht, Marek Jan (2016). "Dynastic Connections in the Arsacid Empire and the Origins of the House of Sāsān". In Curtis, Vesta Sarkhosh; Pendleton, Elizabeth J.; Alram, Michael; Daryaee, Touraj (eds.). The Parthian and Early Sasanian Empires: Adaptation and Expansion. Oxbow Books. ISBN 9781785702082.
  • Schippmann, K. (1987). "Azerbaijan iii. Pre-Islamic History". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. III, Fasc. 2. pp. 221–224.
Vonones II Arsacid dynasty Died: 51 Preceded byGotarzes II King of the Parthian Empire 51 Succeeded byVologases I
{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Vonones II
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!

Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.


Get ready for Wikiwand 2.0 🎉! the new version arrives on September 1st! Don't want to wait?