For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Voiceless labiodental plosive.

Voiceless labiodental plosive

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Voiceless labiodental plosive" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (December 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Voiceless labiodental plosive
ȹ
IPA Number101 408
Encoding
Entity (decimal)p​̪
Unicode (hex)U+0070 U+032A
X-SAMPAp_d
Braille⠏ (braille pattern dots-1234)⠠ (braille pattern dots-6)⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456)

The voiceless labiodental plosive or stop is a consonant sound produced like a [p], but with the lower lip contacting the upper teeth, as in [f]. This can be represented in the IPA as . A separate symbol not recognized by the IPA that was occasionally seen, especially in Bantu linguistics, is the qp ligature ⟨ȹ⟩.[1]

The voiceless labiodental plosive is possibly not phonemic in any language, though see the entry on Shubi. However, it does occur allophonically. The XiNkuna dialect of Tsonga has affricates, [p̪͡f] and [b̪͡v]. German /p͡f/ ranges between [p̪͡f], [p͡f], and [p͡ɸ].

Features

Features of the voiceless labiodental stop:

Varieties

IPA Description
plain p̪
p̪ʰ aspirated
p̪ʲ palatalized
p̪ʷ labialized
p̪̚ p̪ with no audible release
p̪̌ voiced
p̪ʼ ejective

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Greek σάπφειρος [ˈsap̪firo̞s̠] 'sapphire' See Modern Greek phonology
English up-front [ʌp̪ˈfrʌnt] 'up-front' Common allophone of /p/ before the labiodentals /f/ and /v/ (although it is also possible for the labiodentals to shift to bilabial /ɸ/ and /β/, respectively, instead).
Slovene snop vidim [ˈs̪nɔ̂p̪ ˈʋíːd̪ìm] '(I) see a sheaf' Allophone of /p/ before /f, ʋ/. See Slovene phonology.

See also

References

  1. ^ Peter, Ladefoged; Ian, Maddieson. The sounds of the world's languages. Blackwell Publishers. p. 17. ISBN 9780631198147.
{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Voiceless labiodental plosive
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install
{{::$root.activation.text}}

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!


Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.

X

Get ready for Wikiwand 2.0 🎉! the new version arrives on September 1st! Don't want to wait?