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Vladimir Teplyakov

Vladimir Teplyakov
Born(1925-11-06)6 November 1925
Died10 December 2009(2009-12-10) (aged 84)
Protvino, Russia
Nationality (legal)Russian
Known forHigh energy physics
Accelerator physics
AwardsLenin Prize (1988)
Order of Lenin
Order of the October Revolution
Order of Glory 3rd Class
Order of the Patriotic War 2nd Class
Medal "For Valour"
Medal "For the Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"
Medal "For the Capture of Vienna"
Scientific career
FieldsPhysics
InstitutionsInstitute for High Energy Physics
Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics

Vladimir Aleksandrovich Teplyakov (Russian: Владимир Александрович Тепляков) (6 November 1925 – 10 December 2009) was a Russian experimental physicist known for his work on particle accelerators. Together with I.M. Kapchinsky, he invented the principle of the radio-frequency quadrupole (RFQ), which revolutionized the acceleration of low-energy charged particle beams.[1]

Biography

Teplyakov was born in Tambov, Russia. At the age of 17, in January 1943, he was drafted into the Red Army to fight in the Second World War, serving in the 3rd Ukrainian Front. He participated in a number of operations in Right-bank Ukraine, Moldavia and Eastern Europe and was awarded combat orders and medals.[2]

After the war, he graduated from the All-Union Correspondence Polytechnic Institute in Moscow and joined the team of scientists at the Institute of Chemical Physics of the Soviet Academy of Sciences who worked on the large particle accelerator for conversion of uranium-238 into weapons-grade plutonium-239.[3] From 1959 to 1966 he worked at Chelyabinsk-70 to develop a high-current proton linear particle accelerator ("linac") for controlled thermonuclear fusion. In the mid 1960s, together with G. M. Anisimov, Teplyakov conceived the idea of focusing the charged particle beams by the radio-frequency (RF) accelerating electromagnetic field rather than by solenoid magnets. This work continued at the Institute for High Energy Physics (IHEP) in Protvino, where his group moved in 1966 to build the I-100, a 100 MeV Alvarez drift-tube linac, which was an injector to the U-70, a 70 GeV proton synchrotron, the world's largest particle accelerator at that time.[1][4]

By the late 1960s, Teplyakov and I. M. Kapchinsky developed the concept of the radio-frequency quadrupole (RFQ), where accelerating gaps are supplemented with spacer electrodes charged under an intermediate potential. Such a focusing system resulted in a noticeable upgrade in performance and a significant decrease of the dimensions of the drift tubes. Teplyakov subsequently developed several RFQ drift-tube structures and RF cavities to drive them.[1][5][6] The URAL-30 proton linac was commissioned in 1977. It applies a through front-to-end RFQ-focusing up to the top energy of 30 MeV. Since 1985 URAL-30 routinely operates as an injector to booster proton synchrotron of IHEP.[7]

Teplyakov was the author of more than 100 inventions and scientific papers, and was the co-author of the book Linear Accelerators of Ions.[3][8]

Honours and awards

For the invention of the RFQ, Teplyakov was awarded the 1988 Lenin Prize (together with Kapchinsky) and the U.S. Particle Accelerator School Prize for Achievement in Accelerator Physics and Technology.[1][9] In 2006, The European Physical Society awarded him the prize "for outstanding work in the accelerator field".[10] Teplyakov received the highest decorations bestowed by the Soviet Union, the Order of Lenin and the Order of the October Revolution.[11] He was one of the first to receive the title "Veteran of Nuclear Industry" and also received the title "Honored Worker of Science and Technology of Russian Federation".[12] Teplyakov died on 10 December 2009.[11]

References

  1. ^ a b c d E H Shibuya (2 November 2005). "RFQ pioneer celebrates 80th birthday". Cern Courier. Retrieved 14 December 2009.
  2. ^ Jan Cherniak; Jane Zavalishina; Elena Kolmanovskaya; Ekaterina Solntseva (2005). "List of Veterans in the Moscow Area". Retrieved 14 December 2009.
  3. ^ a b "Vladimir Teplyakov" Retrieved on 12 December 2009
  4. ^ "Vladimir Aleksandrovich Teplyakov, Translation from Atomnaya Energiya, Vol. 99". 5 November 2005. Retrieved 14 December 2009.
  5. ^ Yu. Budanov. "Accelerator Application to Medicine and Technology". Retrieved 14 December 2009.
  6. ^ T. M. Kapchinskij; N. V. Lazarev. "The Linear Accelerator Structures with Space-uniform Quadrupole Focusing" (PDF). IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science. NS-26 (3). Retrieved 14 December 2009.
  7. ^ Yu. Budanov; et al. (O. Belyaev, I. Zvonarev, A. Maltsev, E. Mazurov, V. Stephanov, S. Strekalovskyh, V. Teplyakov, N. Tyurin). "Status of the Ural-30M Linac — A Novel Injector to the Accelerator Complex of IHEP" (PDF). Proceedings of RuPAC 2006, Novosibirsk, Russia. Retrieved 8 May 2017.
  8. ^ D.V. Karetnikov, I.Kh. Slivkov, V.Y. Teplyakov et al. "Линейные ускорители ионов" (Linear Accelerators of Ions). Moscow, Госатомиздат, 1962, 208 pp. (in Russian)
  9. ^ "Циклы научных работ, выполненные в ГНЦ ИФВЭ и удостоенные высших государственных премий" (Scientific work made in IHEP and awarded the highest state awards) Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on 11 December 2009
  10. ^ "Recipients of EPS-AG Accelerator Prizes" Retrieved on 12 December 2009
  11. ^ a b "In Memory of the Scientist Vladimir Alexandrovich Teplyakov" (in Russian). Trade Union Committee of the IHEP. 16 December 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2017.
  12. ^ "Presidential Decree On awarding state awards of the Russian Federation to workers of joint-stock companies, enterprises and organizations" (Press release) (in Russian). President Boris Yeltsin. 18 October 1995. Retrieved 8 May 2017.
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Vladimir Teplyakov
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