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Vidyasagar College

Vidyasagar College, Kolkata
Former name
Metropolitan Institution
MottoUpholding the cause of education and nation building
TypePublic, Governmental, co-educational
Established1872; 152 years ago (1872) (as Metropolitan Institution)
1917; 107 years ago (1917) (as Vidyasagar College)
FounderPandit Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
AffiliationUniversity of Calcutta
NAAC (under University Grants Commission)
PrincipalGautam Kundu
Students3500 (approximate)
Address, , ,
22°34′54″N 88°21′58″E / 22.5817693°N 88.3661595°E / 22.5817693; 88.3661595
CampusUrban (total ~4 acres, including three campus and playground)
Websitevidyasagarcollege.edu.in
Vidyasagar College is located in Kolkata
Vidyasagar College
Location in Kolkata
Vidyasagar College is located in India
Vidyasagar College
Vidyasagar College (India)

Vidyasagar College is a state government-aided public college, affiliated to the University of Calcutta,[1] located in North Kolkata, West Bengal, India. The college offers both post-graduate and under-graduate courses in a number of subjects of arts and science. Founded in 1872, it was the first private college (now governmental) in India which was purely run, maintained and financed by Indians. Formerly known as Metropolitan Institution, it was named after its founder Pandit Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar in 1917.[2]

Statue of Pandit Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar at the Bidhan Sarani campus

The college is affiliated to Calcutta University, under UGC and accredited by NAAC. It follows semester based CBCS system. The college does not participate in NIRF ranking in college category. The college was a part of DBT STAR College Scheme. The college receives funding from State Government, UGC (via CU) and other GOI-affiliated institutes or schemes i.e RUSA, ICSSR, AICTE and NIEIT.[3]

History

A 1998 stamp dedicated to the 125th anniversary of Vidyasagar College

A Bengali educationist named Thakurdas Chakraborty founded Metropolitan Training School (later Calcutta Training School) in 1859 at 1 Arpuly Lane, Kolkata. Pundit Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, the educationist and social reformer, joined the institution as the President of the Managing Committee in the school in 1860. In 1864, the school was renamed as the Metropolitan Institution.[4][5]

Upgradation to college

In 1864, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar applied to the Calcutta University for their affiliation to the First Arts (FA) course. The application was turned down, mainly due to the objection raised by Mr J. Sutcliffe, the then Principal of Presidency College. He stated that giving affiliation to a competitive college run by the Indians may undermine the dignity and importance of Presidency College.[citation needed] However, the students of the school performed extremely well in the Entrance Examination, conducted by the University of Calcutta in 1871. For this brilliant performance of students, Pundit Vidyasagar renewed his efforts for getting affiliation of the University. This time, despite some opposition, the University Vice-Chancellor, Edward Clive Bail, agreed to the proposal and on 27 January 1871, the Syndicate in its meeting sanctioned the prayer for affiliation and recommended it to the Government. Finally, on 19 February 1871 the Government of India sanctified affiliation of the institution up to the standard of the First Examination in Arts (FA), with effect from the month of January 1872.[5] The college became the first private and truly secular college in the Presidency of Bengal, run, taught and even financed by Indians.[citation needed] The college initially started with only 5 departments, which included Sanskrit, English, Philosophy and General History. Masses like Surendranath Banerjee were associated with teaching in the institute.[6]

The College received affiliation of the University for Imparting Education up to Graduation level in 1879 and for BL course in 1882.[citation needed]

Renaming, upgrowth and formation of evening and woman wings

Main entrance of the college, at 39, Sankar Ghosh Lane, Simla, Machuabazar.

After the passing away of the founder in 1891, Metropolitan Institute, was renamed to Vidyasagar College in 1917. Saradaranjan Ray, who taught Sanskrit, was the principal of the college, at that time. His third brother, Muktidaranjan Ray, who taught Mathematics, was also a professor of this college. Since 1917 the College entered a phase of rapid upgradation, expanded academic curriculum and introduced a commerce department in 1922. The Commerce Department has been considered as the oldest commerce teaching department in India.[citation needed] It had its affiliation up to B.Com standard in 1928 and gradually attracted students from whole India.[7]

Due to the rapid growth of the commerce section, in terms of faculty and student strength, a separate wing devoted to commerce teaching in evening hours was established in 1951. In 1961, the evening section emerged as an independent entity with a separate Governing Body and affiliation from University of Calcutta, having a new name "Vidyasagar Metropolitan College".[7]

On 1 July 1931, the Woman Section of the college was introduced. The classes for Woman section were scheduled in morning. In 1960, the morning Woman section separated as a new independent entity with the affiliation of University of Calcutta.[8]

Campuses

Old campus at Sankar Ghosh Lane
Bidhan Sarani campus

The college has three campuses in Kolkata: Main campus (heritage campus), Bidhan Sarani Campus' and Bidhannagar Campus. The main campus is at 39 Sankar Ghose Lane near the College Street. The second campus is Bidhan Sarani Campus at Bidhan Sarani Road, which is connected internally to the main campus. The Vidyasagar College for Women and Vidyasagar Metropolitan College (night college) are also connected in the same area. The college has its third campus named Bidhannagar Campus at the Salt lake Sector II, which is specialized for post-graduate courses.[9] The three campuses and playground consists total around 3 acres (excluding Vidyasagar Women's college and Vidyasagar Metropolitan college campuses) with total built up area being 8210.13 sq. Mr.[10][11]

Academics

Departments and courses

The college has following 21 departments in UG level: English, Bengali, Hindi, Sanskrit, Philosophy, History, Political Science, Economics, Geography, Journalism, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Computer Science, Electronics, Zoology, Botany, Physiology, Bio-Chemistry, Psychology and Food & Nutrition. The college offers 20 honours courses, 4 general courses.[12][13]

The post graduate courses are offered in Geography (Regional Planning, Urban & Transport Geography, Advanced Geomorphology, Population & Welfare Geography) and Zoology (Fisheries and Aquaculture, Entomology, Environmental Biology and Ecotoxicology, Genetics and Molecular Biology, Parasites and Immunology).

Ongoing seminar (title in Bengali: "কলকাতার পথ – কলকাতার গান") at the seminar room of Vidyasagar College, in March 2018.

Computer centre and courses

The college has a separate Computer Centre and computer education unit, which is directly accredited by the National Institute of Electronics and Information Technology, Department of Electronics, Government of India. It conducts CCC ,”O” Level and “A” Level Courses which are recognized by the All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE). The Directorate of Employment, Govt. of West Bengal has also recognized the courses that are taught at this centre. The Computer Centre is governed by an academic committee, composed of faculty members from the college and from the Institute of Computer Engineers (India). Various educational CDs can be accessed through the CD library of the centre.[4][11]

NAAC Accreditation

In cycle 2 accreditation of 2016, by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council, the college was re-accredited a "B++" grade on the basis of CGPA 2.80.[3] In cycle 1, the college was accredited a "B" grade on the basis of CGPA 2.63 under a four point scale.[3]

Incidents

Attacks due to political violence

A scuffle broke out between student activists from the All India Trinamool Congress and the Bharatiya Janata Party. Stone pelting incidents have been reported near a college hostel on Bidhan Sarani Street in Kolkata during Amit Shah's Road show in May 2019. BJP workers and supporters shouted "Jai Shri Ram" and "Narendra Modi Zindabad" during the road show. BJP activists locked the doors of the hostel and set up bicycles and motorbikes parked outside on fire.[14] Local news organisation Anandabazar Patrika’s ground report shows stones being hurled inside the premises by people standing outside on the road, wearing saffron coloured “NaMo Again” t-shirts. The footage does not show anyone throwing stones from inside the campus.[15] In the violence that followed, the BJP workers vandalized the college hostel and destroyed the bust of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar.[16]

Notable alumni

See also

References

  1. ^ "Affiliated|Colleges". www.caluniv.ac.in. Archived from the original on 23 May 2020. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Vidyasagar College". www.vidyasagarcollege.edu.in. Archived from the original on 4 June 2021. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  3. ^ a b c "Vidyasagar College|Institutional Accreditation". National Assessment and Accreditation Council. 16 December 2016. Archived from the original on 15 March 2022. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  4. ^ a b Prospectus Archived 15 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ a b "Vidyasagar College|History, Glory & Evolution". www.vidyasagarcollege.edu.in. Archived from the original on 25 February 2021. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  6. ^ Archived copy insaindia.res.in Archived 8 July 2018 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ a b "Vidyasagar Metropolitan College - College History". www.vec.ac.in. Archived from the original on 21 August 2017. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  8. ^ "Vidyasagar College for Women". vcfw.org. Archived from the original on 8 May 2021. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  9. ^ "Vidyasagar College|Campus". www.vidyasagarcollege.edu.in. Archived from the original on 9 February 2021. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  10. ^ "Vidyasagar College|Annual Report 2018-2019" (PDF). vidyasagarcollege.edu.in. Archived (PDF) from the original on 20 November 2021. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  11. ^ a b "Vidyasagar College|Prospectus 2019" (PDF). vidyasagarcollege.edu.in. Archived (PDF) from the original on 20 November 2021. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  12. ^ "Vidyasagar College|UG Departments". www.vidyasagarcollege.edu.in. Archived from the original on 20 November 2021. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  13. ^ "Vidyasagar College|UG Courses". www.vidyasagarcollege.edu.in. Archived from the original on 7 February 2021. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  14. ^ "Kolkata: Clashes break out during Amit Shah's roadshow, Vidyasagar College gate set on fire". Scroll.in. 14 May 2019. Archived from the original on 8 November 2020. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  15. ^ Chaudhuri, Pooja (16 May 2019). "Fact check: Examining BJP's claims about perpetrators of violence at Kolkata's Vidyasagar College". Scroll.in. Archived from the original on 7 May 2020. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  16. ^ "Trinamool congress: Vidyasagar statue broken in Trinamool-BJP violence". The Economic Times. 14 May 2019. Archived from the original on 4 June 2021. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
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Vidyasagar College
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