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Male pin-tailed whydah (Vidua macroura)
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Viduidae
Genus: Vidua
Cuvier, 1816
Type species
Emberiza vidua[1] = Fringilla macroura
Linnaeus, 1766

see text

Vidua is a genus of passerine birds in the family Viduidae.

The genus was introduced by the French naturalist Georges Cuvier in 1816.[2] The type species was subsequently designated as the pin-tailed whydah.[3] The name Vidua is a Latin word meaning "widow".[4]

The genus contains 19 species:[5]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Vidua chalybeata Village indigobird Africa south of the Sahara Desert.
Vidua purpurascens Purple indigobird Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
Vidua raricola Jambandu indigobird Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Sudan and Togo.
Vidua larvaticola Barka indigobird Cameroon, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Nigeria, Sudan, and South Sudan.
Vidua funerea Dusky indigobird Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eswatini, Guinea-Bissau, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe
Vidua codringtoni Zambezi indigobird Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
Vidua wilsoni Wilson's indigobird Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Nigeria, Senegal, South Sudan, and Togo.
Vidua nigeriae Quailfinch indigobird The Gambia, Nigeria and Cameroon.
Vidua maryae Jos Plateau indigobird Nigeria
Vidua camerunensis Cameroon indigobird Sierra Leone to east Cameroon, north east Zaire and South Sudan.
Vidua macroura Pin-tailed whydah Africa south of the Sahara Desert.
Vidua hypocherina Steel-blue whydah Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.
Vidua fischeri Straw-tailed whydah Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.
Vidua regia Shaft-tailed whydah Southern Africa, from south Angola to south Mozambique
Vidua paradisaea Long-tailed paradise whydah Eastern Africa, from eastern South Sudan to southern Angola
Vidua orientalis Sahel paradise whydah west Africa
Vidua interjecta Exclamatory paradise whydah Benin, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Sudan, and Togo.
Vidua togoensis Togo paradise whydah Benin, Cameroon, Chad, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Mali, Sierra Leone, and Togo.
Vidua obtusa Broad-tailed paradise whydah Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe


  1. ^ "Viduidae". The Trust for Avian Systematics. Retrieved 2023-07-16.
  2. ^ Cuvier, Georges (1816). Le Règne animal distribué d'après son organisation : pour servir de base a l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction a l'anatomie comparée (in French). Vol. 1. Paris: Déterville. pp. 388–389.
  3. ^ Dickinson, E.C.; Christidis, L., eds. (2014). The Howard & Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. Vol. 2: Passerines (4th ed.). Eastbourne, UK: Aves Press. p. 303. ISBN 978-0-9568611-2-2.
  4. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 401. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
  5. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2018). "Waxbills, parrotfinches, munias, whydahs, Olive Warbler, accentors, pipits". World Bird List Version 8.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
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